States in India and Their Capitals

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States of India

If you are wondering how many states are there in India in 2020, the answer is 28 states and 8 union territories. Until 6 August 2019, there were officially 29 states in India. But that number now has decreased by one to make 28 states after Jammu & Kashmir was granted the status of a Union Territory with its own legislature.
Each state of India is culturally unique and is a treasure trove of various art forms, languages, food and traditions. Here we present a list of the 28 states in India and their capital cities while imploring you to read and discover more about each one.

Here is the list of 28 States in India and Their Capitals

1. Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad)

Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad)

Blessed with two beautiful rivers, Krishna and Godavari, Andhra Pradesh also has the Bay of Bengal to its west, and it boasts of a coastline of 972km, the longest in the country. This state is widely advertised as the Kohinoor of India by the tourism department. The state is most visited for its world-famous Tirupati temple.
Area - 160,205 sq.km
Zone - Southern
Largest City - Vishakhapatnam
Statehood - 1 November 1956
Official language - Telugu

2. Arunachal Pradesh (Itanagar)

Arunachal Pradesh (Itanagar)

Home to picturesque mountains, unexplored passes, tranquil lakes and famous monasteries, Arunachal Pradesh is an amazing destination for a holiday. It is known for the tribal culture and the simplicity of their exquisite beauty. Among all the states in India, it is the most sparsely populated. Its amazing array of flora and fauna, in a unique habitat with glaciers, high altitude meadows and sub-tropical forests add to the charm of the beautiful state.
Area - 83,743 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Itanagar
Statehood - 20 February 1987
Official language - English

3. Assam (Dispur)

Assam (Dispur)

A treasure trove of natural beauty and diverse history, Assam is one of the least explored regions in India, lending it an immaculate, untouched aura that will allure you. A land of wild forests, mighty rivers, and acres and acres of tea plantations, Assam, located in North East India, has a breath-taking landscape and is on the list of the top biodiversity hotspots in the entire world. 
Area - 78,550 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Guwahati
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Assamese

4. Bihar (Patna)

Bihar (Patna)

A land where Buddha once lived, a land of monasteries, Bihar is visited by huge number of Buddhist followers as well as tourists of other faiths all round the year. Its association with Buddhism and Jainism makes it a must visit place for peace seekers, for people who like to feel the rural touch along with tribal culture and glorious past.
Area - 94,163 sq.km
Zone - Eastern
Largest City - Patna
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Hindi

5. Chhattisgarh (Raipur)

Chhattisgarh (Raipur)

The oldest tribes of India dwell in Chhattisgarh, some of them for almost 10,000 years. A blend of culture, arts and religion of the local and tribal people, Chattisgarh exhibits the instance of ancient India. Home to plenty of gushing waterfalls, ancient temples and monuments, dense forests, a veritable sprinkling of flora and fauna, and a culture that is still reminiscent of the age-old history and traditions of the state, Chhattisgarh has everything you could possibly be looking for in an ideal tourist spot.
Area - 135,194 sq.km
Zone - Central
Largest City - Raipur
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Hindi

6. Goa (Panaji)

Goa (Panaji) 4.5 /5 View 114+ photos

Known For : Calangute Beach Basilica of Bom Jesus Water Sports in Goa

Lying on the western coast, Goa is India's smallest state and unlike any other, known for its white-sand beaches, stellar nightlife, eclectic seafood, world-heritage listed architecture. It is one of the only few destinations that is open to tourists 24x7. The laid-backness (susegad) of Goa attracts as many international tourists as it does Indians, or even more so.
Area - 3,702 sq.km
Zone - Western
Largest City - Vasco Da Gama
Statehood - 30 May 1987
Official language - Konkani

Best Time: October to March

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7. Gujarat (Gandhinagar)

Gujarat (Gandhinagar)

Home to several architectural marvels, Gujarat is famous for its vibrant culture and rich heritage apart from the scenic landscapes and mouth-watering cuisine. Offering a broad range of the most spectacular attractions, Gujarat, also known as 'The Land of Legends', presents a perfect blend of art, history, music and culture.
Area - 196,024 sq.km
Zone - Western
Largest City - Ahmedabad
Statehood - 1 May 1960
Official language - Gujarati

8. Haryana - Chandigarh (Shared with Punjab)

Haryana - Chandigarh (Shared with Punjab)

Haryana is a vibrant state that has managed to retain the best of both worlds- the ancient yet vibrant past and an exciting future to look forward to. It is a state that celebrates art and culture much like the rest of India celebrating its festivals. A panorama of vivid landscapes and exquisite archaeology.
Area - 44,212 sq.km
Zone - Northern
Largest City - Faridabad
Statehood - 1 November 1966
Official language - Hindi

9. Himachal Pradesh (Shimla)

Himachal Pradesh (Shimla)

A place of immense beauty and charm, Himachal is endowed with clear and serene lakes, lofty mountains, ancient temples and cheerful people who are as innocent as nature itself. Home to some of the best tourist destinations like Kullu, Manali, Chamba and Shimla, Himachal is one of the most visited states in India. The natural beauty of Himachal along with the hills and valleys add peace to your holiday while the pilgrimages make it serene and divine.
Area - 55,673 sq.km
Zone - Northern
Largest City - Shimla
Statehood - 25 January 1971
Official language - Hindi

10. Jharkhand (Ranchi)

Jharkhand (Ranchi)

One of the best places to visit for wildlife aficionados and nature lovers, Jharkhand is a state replete with a vast bounty of towering mountains, dense forests and gushing waterfalls. Blessed with a plethora of natural scenic vistas, Jharkhand is the place for you be if you are on the lookout for a one-on-one rendezvous with unperturbed, untouched nature. It is also home to several museums, temples and wildlife reserves scattered around the state.
Area - 74,677 sq.km
Zone - Eastern
Largest City - Jamshedpur
Statehood - 15 November 2000
Official language - Hindi

11. Karnataka (Bengaluru)

Karnataka (Bengaluru)

Ranked the 4th most popular tourist state in India, Karnataka has a bouquet of attractions to offer you. Expanded from Belgaum in the North to Bangalore in the south which is also its capital, it has all the features of a great tourist destination. Beautiful beaches adorn the coastal line to the midst of the state with lush mountains, valleys and landscapes of farmlands.
Area - 191,791 sq.km
Zone - Southern
Largest City - Bangalore
Statehood - 1 November 1956
Official language - Kannada

12. Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram)

Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram)

Languid backwaters, leafy coastlines, sprawling tea gardens, and coconut vendors at every corner to vanquish your thirst, Kerala is famously known as 'God’s Own Country'. Whether you want to bask in the sun and sand of the palm tree-lined Kovalam beaches, or you want to take a hike to Munnar hill station, or even if you just want to walk down the bustling streets of Kochi, Kerala has everything on offer to take your pick from.
Area - 38,863 sq.km
Zone - Southern
Largest City - Kochi
Statehood - 1 November 1956
Official language - Malayalam

13. Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal)

Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal)

Madhya Pradesh got its name because of its geographical position, being located in the centre of India. However, it's tagline 'The Heart of Incredible India' has more to do with the fact that it houses facets of the whole of India into this state. From the historical monuments to modern amenities, culture, food and people; this state gives a taste of entire India packed within its geographical boundaries.
Area - 308,252 sq.km
Zone - Central
Largest City - Indore
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Hindi

14. Maharashtra (Mumbai)

Maharashtra (Mumbai)

Often called the 'Gateway to the Heart of India', Maharashtra is quite larger than most states in India. Owing to its proximity to the Western Ghats, it is blessed with a picturesque backdrop of the mountains on one side and has the beautiful Konkan coastal belt on the other.
Area - 307,713 sq.km
Zone - Western
Largest City - Mumbai
Statehood - 1 May 1960
Official language - Marathi

15. Manipur (Imphal)

Manipur (Imphal)

The jewel city of India, Manipur is listed as one of the most beautiful states in India. Least touched and least discovered, Manipur promises to be the great tourist discovery as the state offers endless enjoyment and pleasure with its exotic landscape, undulating hills, green valleys, blue lakes and dense forests. The Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur is the only floating national park in the world.
Area - 22,347 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Imphal
Statehood - 21 January 1972
Official language - Meitei

16. Meghalaya (Shillong)

Meghalaya (Shillong)

Meghalaya, the abode of clouds, is one of the most beautiful states in the North-East India offering a variety of sights, activities, food and festivals to the tourists. Well known for Cherapunjji, the place which receives one of the maximum rainfall in the world, Meghalaya can mesmerise you with its hills, valleys, lakes, caves and waterfalls which give it a beautiful look when covered with beautiful clouds.
Area - 22,720 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Shillong
Statehood - 21 January 1972
Official language - English

17. Mizoram (Aizawl)

Mizoram (Aizawl)

Known as the 'Songbird of India', the northeastern state of Mizoram is one of the smallest states in India. The moderate climate of Mizoram, which is comfortable even in during summer makes it an attractive destination for all the tourists. The vast culture and grand festivals of the state have a unique, irresistible charm.
Area - 21,081 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Aizawl
Statehood - 20 February 1987
Official language - English, Hindi, Mizo

18. Nagaland (Kohima)

Nagaland (Kohima)

Nicknamed as the ‘Switzerland of the East’, Nagaland is a quaint state in the north-east part of India and is one of the most-loved hill station tourist destinations. When you think of Nagaland, you think of colourful culture, vibrant traditions, distinctive cuisine, vivid apparel, and a veritable depository of natural beauty. Inhabited by the tribes who are very protective towards their culture and identity, Nagaland is another name for beauty and bounty.
Area - 16,579 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Dimapur
Statehood - 1 December 1963
Official language - English

19. Odisha (Bhubaneswar)

Odisha (Bhubaneswar)

Land of paddy fields and palm fringed silver beaches, temples, rivers, waterfalls and tribal people, Odisha's major attractions are the temples of Bhubaneshwar and Puri, miles of clean silver beaches and the magnificent Sun Temple of Konark.
Area - 155,820 sq.km
Zone - Eastern
Largest City - Bhubaneshwar
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Odia

20. Punjab (Chandigarh)

Punjab (Chandigarh)

Punjab literally means the land of five rivers. A network of five rivers - the Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Chenab and Jhelum, irrigates this land and agriculture is the 'culture' of the state of Punjab. Known for its cuisine, culture and history Punjab is visited by tourists who want to enjoy culture, ancient civilization, spirituality and history.
Area - 50,362 sq.km
Zone - Northern
Largest City - Ludhiana
Statehood - 1 November 1966
Official language - Punjabi

21. Rajasthan (Jaipur)

Rajasthan (Jaipur)

Formerly known as the Land of the Kings, Rajasthan is a beautiful example of India’s age-old opulence and grandeur, traces of which still linger in the air of this state. in terms of area, it is the largest among all the states in India. One of the most colourful and vibrant states, with a heady blend of culture, history, music, cuisine and people welcoming you with smiling faces, falling in love with Rajasthan doesn’t take much time.
Area - 342,269 sq.km
Zone - Northern
Largest City - Jaipur
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Hindi

22. Sikkim (Gangtok)

Sikkim (Gangtok)

Sikkim, the smallest state of India, is the land of large variety of plants, animals, rivers, mountains, lakes and waterfalls. The mountain peaks, holy lakes, ancient monasteries, orchid nurseries and stunning trekking routes make Sikkim a perfect Holiday destination for you.
Area - 7,096 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Gangtok
Statehood - 16 May 1975
Official language - English, Nepali

23. Tamil Nadu (Chennai)

Tamil Nadu (Chennai)

A land of cultural and religious heritage, Tamil Nadu offers every chance to the tourist or pilgrims to be enchanted with the vast plethora of history and beauty that it has. It is a blend of modern and ancient, that makes Tamil Nadu a beautiful destination to explore our past cultural heritage with all the amenities of the present.
Area - 130,058 sq.km
Zone - Southern
Largest City - Chennai
Statehood - 1 November 1956
Official language - Tamil

24. Telangana (Hyderabad, Shared with Andhra Pradesh)

Telangana (Hyderabad, Shared with Andhra Pradesh)

Telangana is the youngest among the states in India, consisting of the ten north-western districts of Andhra Pradesh. It was originally part of the region comprising Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. With the separation, Telangana has got a whole new identity, packed with rich history and culture this state is exploring its tourism strengths.
Area - 114,840 sq.km
Zone - Southern
Largest City - Hyderabad
Statehood - 2 June 2014
Official language - Telugu

25. Tripura (Agartala)

Tripura (Agartala)

Rich in gorgeous landscapes, crystalline waterfalls, awe-inspiring mountains, dense forests, and a generous sprinkling of history and tradition, Tripura is a popular tourist destination situated in North-East India. This land-locked state nestled at the foot of the Himalayan mountains was once home to the famous Manikya tribe. The state exhibits a unique blend of traditional tribal culture with a little more modern Bengali culture.
Area - 10,492 sq.km
Zone - North Eastern
Largest City - Agartala
Statehood - 21 January 1972
Official language - Bengali, English, Kokborok

26. Uttarakhand (Dehradun)

Uttarakhand (Dehradun)

Famously known as Devbhumi, or the Land of the Gods, Uttarakhand is a land of untouched natural beauty and sublime spirituality. Carved out from Uttar Pradesh, the state, formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a place that not only boasts of a scintillating view of the Himalayas. With oaks, birches, silver firs and rhododendrons adorning the steep mountain slopes, Uttarakhand offers you a glimpse into an untainted, idyllic world, straight out of the pages of some ancient pastoral literature.
Area - 53,483 sq.km
Zone - Northern
Largest City - Dehradun
Statehood - 9 November 2000
Official language - Hindi

27. Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow)

Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow)

Home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World - Taj Mahal - and flaunting exquisite arts like the handicrafts and jewellery Uttar Pradesh is a bountiful state and an utterly religious one. The state is also known for its Nawabi style in food, can advertise fantastic street food like the samosa and kachori as well as the royal meaty feasts and kebabs. 
Area - 243,286 sq.km
Zone - Northern
Largest City - Kanpur
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Hindi

28. West Bengal (Kolkata)

West Bengal (Kolkata)

West Bengal boasts of different ethnicities, cultures, religions, people and languages which add to this beautiful landscape, forests, coastal beauty, heritage. It is jewelled with mesmerising landscapes, snow-clad mountains, gushing sea, blossoming tea gardens, enormous deltas, lush green forests, plentiful wildlife, ancient temples and magnificent British monuments.
Area - 88,752 sq.km
Zone - Eastern
Largest City - Kolkata
Statehood - 26 January 1950
Official language - Bengali, Nepali

This was the list of total states in India. Click here to read about Union Territories of India.

This post was published by Holidify.com

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