India is the 7th largest democratic nation in the world and arguably one of the most diverse if not the most diverse of countries. India's total landmass is divided into 28 states and 9 union territories. Until 6 August 2019, there were officially 29 states in India. But that number now has decreased by one to make 28 states after Jammu & Kashmir was granted the status of a Union Territory with its own legislature.
Each state in India is culturally unique and is a treasure trove of various art forms, languages, food and traditions. Here we present a list of the 28 states in India and their capital cities while imploring you to read and discover more about each one.
Here is the list of 28 States in India and Their Capitals
Blessed with two beautiful rivers, Krishna and Godavari, Andhra Pradesh also has the Bay of Bengal to its west, and it boasts of a coastline of 972km, the longest in the country. This state is widely advertised as the Kohinoor of India by the tourism department. The state is most visited for its world famous Tirupati temple. Srisailam Mallikarjuneswar temple is another famous Shiva shrine and is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga temples in India.
Home to picturesque mountains, unexplored passes, tranquil lakes and famous monasteries, Arunachal Pradesh is an amazing destination for an amazing holiday. Arunachal Pradesh is the perfect state for you if you wish to explore the tribal culture and the simplicity of their exquisite beauty. Among all the states in India, it is the most sparsely populated. Its amazing array of flora and fauna, in a unique habitat with glaciers, high altitude meadows and sub-tropical forests add to the charm of the beautiful state.
A treasure trove of natural beauty and diverse history, Assam is one of the least explored regions in the country, lending it an immaculate, untouched aura that will allure you. A land of wild forests, mighty rivers, and acres and acres of tea plantations, Assam, located in North East India, has a breath-taking landscape and is on the list of the top biodiversity hotspots in the entire world. A veritable paradise, Assam shares international borders with both Bangladesh and Bhutan and boasts of its vibrant culture and scenic beauty, as well as its historic significance. One of the most beautiful states in India, Assam is the gateway to the enchanting and unexploited northeastern part of the country. With the majestic Brahmaputra river, magnificent hills, its rich flora and fauna and wildlife, the state is a tourist paradise.
A land where Buddha once lived, a land of monasteries, Bihar is visited by huge number of Buddhist followers as well as tourists of other faiths all round the year. Its association with Buddhism and Jainism makes it a must visit place for peace seekers, for people who like to feel the rural touch along with tribal culture and glorious past.
Renowned for its scenic diversity and its cultural and traditional history, Chhattisgarh is slowly growing into one of India’s most popular holiday destinations. The oldest tribes of India dwell here, some of them for almost 10,000 years. A blend of culture, arts and religion of the local and tribal people, Chattisgarh exhibits the instance of ancient India. Still in its nascent stage though, Chhattisgarh is one of those off-the-beaten-track tourist spots in India that are slowly gaining more popularity through word-of-mouth. Home to plenty of gushing waterfalls, ancient temples and monuments, dense forests, a veritable sprinkling of flora and fauna, and a culture that is still reminiscent of the age-old history and traditions of the state, Chhattisgarh has everything you could possibly be looking for in an ideal tourist spot where you can make memories that will last you a lifetime.
Known For : Calangute Beach | Basilica of Bom Jesus | Water Sports in Goa
Lying on the west coast, Goa is one of the smallest states in India known for its brilliant beaches, scrumptious food and Portuguese heritage. Panjim, the capital city located in the centre is well-connected with an international airport and roads and trains run from North to South part of Goa.
Best Time : October to March
Home to several architectural marvels, Gujarat is famous for its vibrant culture and rich heritage apart from the scenic landscapes and mouth-watering cuisine. Offering a broad range of the most spectacular attractions, Gujarat, also known as 'The Land of Legends', presents a perfect blend of art, history, music and culture.
Haryana is a vibrant state that has managed to retain the best of both worlds- the ancient yet vibrant past and an exciting future to look forward to. It is a state that celebrates art and culture much like the rest of India celebrating its festivals. A panorama of vivid landscapes and exquisite archaeology.
A place of immense beauty and charm, Himachal is endowed with clear and serene lakes, lofty mountains, ancient temples and cheerful people who are as innocent as nature itself. Home to some of the best tourist destinations like Kullu, Manali, Chamba and Shimla, Himachal is one of the most visited states in India inviting an onslaught of tourists all year round. The natural beauty of Himachal along with the hills and valleys add peace to your holiday while the pilgrimages make it serene and divine.
One of the best places to visit for wildlife aficionados and nature lovers, Jharkhand is a state replete with a vast bounty of towering mountains, dense forests and gushing waterfalls. Blessed with a plethora of natural scenic vistas, Jharkhand is the place for you be if you are on the lookout for a one-on-one rendezvous with unperturbed, untouched nature. There is more to Jharkhand than just its scenic landscapes though, with several museums, temples and wildlife reserves scattered around the state. Formerly a part of Bihar, Jharkhand was carved out as a separate state almost two decades ago, thus creating the base for a glorious history, a diverse culture and tribal simplicity that the state can now call it's very own.
Ranked the 4th most popular tourist state in the country, Karnataka has a bouquet of attractions to offer you. Expanded from Belgaum in the North to Bangalore in the south which is also its capital, it has all the features of a great tourist destination. Beautiful beaches adorn the coastal line to the midst of the state with lush mountains, valleys and landscapes of farmlands. Among the many states in India, few other states are as diverse as Karnataka is terms of landscapes. With the average weather conditions throughout the state being generally good across the year, this southern state is definitely a resident friendly one.
Languid backwaters, leafy coastlines, sprawling tea gardens, and coconut vendors at every corner to vanquish your thirst, Kerala, famously known as 'God’s Own Country', is a tiny sliver of paradise that is one of best tropical tourist destinations one can possibly look for. Whether you want to bask in the sun and sand of the palm tree-lined Kovalam beaches, or you want to take a hike to Munnar hill station, or even if you just want to walk down the bustling streets of Kochi, Kerala has everything on offer to take your pick from.
Madhya Pradesh got its name because of its geographical position, being located in the centre of India. However, it's tagline 'The Heart of Incredible India' has more to do with the fact that it houses facets of the whole of India into this state. From the historical monuments to modern amenities, culture, food and people; this state gives a taste of the entire India packed within its geographical boundaries.
Often called the 'Gateway to the Heart of India', Maharashtra is quite larger than most states in the country. Owing to its proximity to the Western Ghats, it is blessed with a picturesque backdrop of the mountains on one side and has the beautiful Konkan coastal belt on the other.
The jewel city of India, Manipur is listed as one of the most beautiful states in India where Mother Nature has been extra generous in her bounty. Least touched and least discovered, Manipur promises to be the great tourist discovery as the state offer endless enjoyment and pleasure with its exotic landscape, undulating hills, green valleys, blue lakes and dense forests. The Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur is the only floating national park in the world.
Meghalaya, the abode of clouds, is one of the most beautiful states in the North-East India offering a variety of sights, activities, food and festivals to the tourists. Well known for Cherapunjji, the place which receives one of the maximum rainfall in the world, Meghalaya can mesmerise you with its hills, valleys, lakes, caves and waterfalls which give it a beautiful look when covered with beautiful clouds.
The moderate climate of Mizoram, comfortable even in summer, makes it a comfortable destination for all the tourists whereas the vast culture and grand festivals od the state have a unique irresistible charm which can not be explained, said or read, it can only be felt once you are in there in the peaceful, serene land of Mizoram surropunded by green forests adn high hills taking you to a different world.
Nicknamed as the ‘Switzerland of the East’, Nagaland is a quaint state in the north-east part of the country, and is one of the most-loved hill station tourist destinations in India. When you think of Nagaland, you think of a colourful culture, vibrant traditions, distinctive cuisine, vivid apparel, and a veritable depository of natural beauty. Nagaland is definitely all that, and more. Nagaland is as much about scenic beauty as it is about carefully preserved history and tradition, and a visit to this mesmerizing state will open up a vista of things you can see and do to make your holiday a memorable one.
Inhabited by the tribes who are very protective towards their culture and identity, Nagaland is another name for beauty and bounty. Colorful costumes, spicy cuisines, pleasant weather, traditional villages, beautiful dance forms and lyrical songs are all that define the north-eastern state of Nagaland.
Punjab literally means the land of five rivers. A network of five rivers - the Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Chenab and Jhelum, irrigates this land and agriculture is the 'culture' of the state of Punjab. Known for its cuisine, culture and history Punjab is visited by tourists who want to enjoy culture, ancient civilization, spirituality and history.
Formerly known as the Land of the Kings, Rajasthan is a beautiful example of India’s age-old opulence and grandeur, traces of which still linger in the air of this state. in terms of area, it is the largest among all the states in India. One of the most colourful and vibrant states in the country, with a heady blend of culture, history, music, cuisine and people welcoming you with smiling faces, falling in love with Rajasthan doesn’t take much time. Rajasthan has more history than the entire country put together – it is the realm of erstwhile Maharajas and their lavish palaces and majestic forts. Rajasthan is steeped in a past filled to the brim with honour, chivalry and heroism. Golden-sand deserts, traditional handicrafts, an authentic cuisine and awe-inspiring palaces all contribute to making Rajasthan an ideal vacation spot.
Sikkim, the smallest state of India, is the land of large variety of plants, animals, rivers, mountains, lakes and waterfalls. The mountain peaks, holy lakes, ancient monasteries, orchid nurseries and stunning trekking routes make Sikkim a perfect Holiday destination for you.
A land of cultural and religious heritage, Tamil Nadu offers every chance to the tourist or pilgrims to be enchanted with the vast plethora of history and beauty that it has. It is a blend of modern and ancient, that makes Tamil Nadu a beautiful destination to explore our past cultural heritage with all the amenities of the present.
Telangana is the youngest among the 29 states in India, consisting of the ten north-western districts of Andhra Pradesh. It was originally part of the region comprising Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. With the separation, Telangana has got a whole new identity, packed with rich history and culture this state is exploring its tourism strengths.
Rich in gorgeous landscapes, crystalline waterfalls, awe-inspiring mountains, dense forests, and a generous sprinkling of history and tradition, Tripura is a popular tourist destination situated in North-East India. This land-locked state nestled at the foot of the Himalayan mountains has a long historical legacy behind it; Tripura was once home to the famous Manikya tribe, which resulted in the conception of a plethora of varied archaeological monuments and structures in the state, all of which attest to the rich cultural and traditional past of Tripura. The state exhibits a unique blend of traditional tribal culture with a little more modern Bengali culture, giving rise to a harmonious cultural ambience that you will not find anywhere else in the country. Tripura is more than just its breathtaking beauty, it is an illustration of a long and varied legacy of history and tradition, thus promising you a holiday you won’t forget anytime soon.
Famously known as Devbhumi, or the Land of the Gods, Uttarakhand is a land of untouched natural beauty and sublime spirituality. Carved out from Uttar Pradesh, the state, formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a place that not only boasts of a scintillating view of the Himalayas but also exhibits a cultural ethos which speaks of a simplistic and harmonic coexistence with nature. With oaks, birches, silver firs and rhododendrons adorning the steep mountain slopes, Uttarakhand offers you a glimpse into an untainted, idyllic world, straight out of the pages of some ancient pastoral literature.
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