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Madhya Pradesh Tourism

Heritage | Religious 


Madhya Pradesh Tourism Overview

Ideal duration: 4 - 12 days

Best time: October to March (Read More)

Major Airports: Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur

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"The Heart of Incredible India"

Madhya Pradesh, India

Madhya Pradesh got its name because of its geographical position, being located in the centre of India. However, it's tagline 'The Heart of Incredible India' has more to do with the fact that it houses facets of the whole of India into this state. From the historical monuments to modern amenities, culture, food and people; this state gives a taste of the entire India packed within its geographical boundaries.

Madhya Pradesh is one of the few states that is surrounded by other states on all its side; it doesn't share its border with another country. The state of Madhya Pradesh lies in the plain regions of the country. It occupies one of the oldest parts of the Indian Subcontinent which was once the land of the Gonds called the Gondwana. Madhya Pradesh has beautiful cities, and historical places are here. One temple is in Indore famous which made of glass.

Ujjain is a famous place in the world as it is the one of the sacred city for the Hindus. Every twenty years the grand fair of Kumbh Mela is organised here. Madhya Pradesh is particularly famous for its Khajuraho temples which exhibit the erotic sculptures depicting the ancient India Kama Sutra text. The great Sanchi Stupa constructed during King Ashoka's reign is situated here in Bhopal. The Bandhavgarh National Park which houses the Barasingha and the Tigers reserve is also located here. Hindi is widely spoken here along with some tribal languages. English isn't strong in the outskirts of the state.

What's Great?

A wide variety of tourists places including wildlife sanctuaries, historical and religious places. Centrally located and well-connected with all parts of India.

What's not so Great?

Scorching summers in some parts. Overcrowded places.

For Whom

Madhya Pradesh is perfect for history buffs and architecture lovers. Nice place for wildlife enthusiasts and adventure fiends too.

Festivals of Madhya Pradesh

There are many vibrant festivals of the state which celebrates its rich culture and history. Some of them are
Lokrang Festival- Held in Bhopal in the month of January, it is a cultural festival which showcases folk dance and music. You can also see the amazing handicrafts made by tribal communities.
Khajuraho Festival- One-week-long festival, it is a demonstration of all the Indian dance forms like Kathak, Bharathanatyam, Odissi, Kuchipudi, Manipuri and Kathakali. They are performed opposite to Chitragupta and Vishwanatha Temple. It is held in February to pay tribute to the creators of this temple and to celebrate the dancing spirit of India.
Bhagoria Haat- It is the colorful festival of the Bhils and the Bhilalas. This is a fascinating and unique festival. Held in March, it is a celebration of young girls and boys where they elope after choosing their partners and are later on accepted as husband and wife by the society through prearranged customs. According to the tradition, the boy applies gulal, red powder, on the face of the girl whom he chooses as his wife.
Ujjain Kumbh Mela- It is attended by thousands of devotees. You can participate in bathing in rivers, mass feeding to the people and debate about mythology.
Other festivals of India like Holi, Deepawali and Dusshera are also celebrated with great pomp.

Traditional Dresses of Madhya Pradesh

Men like to wear Dhoti and Safa or Turban. Mirzai and Bandi are other traditional costumes for men in Madhya Pradesh. They are in a black or white jacket. Women mostly wear the most common traditional dress, Lehenga and Choli, with Orni to cover head or shoulders. Bandhani dresses are also famous in Ujjain, Indore and Maundsar. During regular days, western wear is highly preferred by everyone. Silver jewellery is mostly worn by tribal people.

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Adventures in Madhya Pradesh

Many cities provide you with perfect opportunities to try out some thrilling adventures. River Rafting in the wild and turbulent waters can be best experienced on Betwa River. The 3 hours river rafting expedition will take one to the Orchha Wildlife Sanctuary to the Kanchan Ghat. Kanha National Park is the largest national park in the state. Head out for an exciting wildlife safari in the park. Since MP is bestowed with a myriad of landscapes and historical architecture, trekking is always fun here. Best treks in Madhya Pradesh are Kanha Trek, Pachmarhi Trek and Amarkantak Trek. For rock climbers, Lanjee Giri in Panchmarhi serves as the perfect place.

Handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh

The state is well known for its handicrafts and different art forms. Some of them are-
Bamboo and Cane work- It is used for producing various utility articles like baskets, fishing traps and agricultural implements. The community manufacturing and selling these handcrafted items in weekly bazaars are called as Basod or Basor.
Carpets- Gwalior is known for carpet weaving since the period of the Mughal empire. Vibrant woollen carpets with floral prints should be added to your shopping list.
Durries- They are mainly manufactured in Sironj, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Raigarh and Shahdol by rural women using the Punja technique. The prints give your house a very refreshing look.
Folk Paintings- These are made by rural women from home-made colors. They depict the local festivals of the state.
Jute Works- Various items from Jute like baskets, hanging lamps, flower vases, hammocks, swings, purses etc. are made. These items are widely available throughout the state.

People and Culture of Madhya Pradesh

Most of the Madhya Pradesh people lead an easy and slow paced life. The state of Madhya Pradesh located in the central part of the country of India is mostly inhabited by different tribal communities. Apart from them, population mainly comprises of people belonging to the religions of Hindu, Muslims, Jains and Parsis. Among them, Hindus form the majority. The most popular tribal groups residing in the state are Baigas, Bhilals, Bhils, Gonds, Halba, Kamaras, Kols, Korkens, Murias, Oraons and Sahariya. Some of these tribes have even moved towards the city and are nowadays, found to be working as a worker in factories or as a shopkeeper or street hawker. The caring, warm and welcoming nature of these people of Madhya Pradesh makes them stand unique from others.

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Geography of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh lies in the middle of India and therefore is called as the 'Heart of India'. It shares its borders with five neighbouring states namely Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujrat and Chhattisgarh. The state covers a wide area of the Indian plateau region. Some significant rivers flow through this land like the Betwa River, Chambal, Indravati, Mahanadi, and Sone River. Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges are mostly inhabited by Bhils, Gonds, Korkus. Bhopal is the capital of the state.

History of Madhya Pradesh

The state of Madhya Pradesh has been ruled by many famous empires of India. Dynasties like that of Sungas, Andhras, Satavahanas, Ksaptrapas, Nagas and the Guptas ruled over this place. It was also governed by the Mughals and later by the Britishers. In the earlier times, the influence of religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam are still evident in the historical places here.

After the British had taken over the state, it was declared as the central province. After the Independence, under the provision of the state reorganisation act of 1956, Madhya Pradesh was given the status of a proper state on 1st November 1956. Chattisgarh was carved out as a new state in November 2000 to fulfil a demand that was long due.

Local Food and Cuisine of Madhya Pradesh

The cuisine at the heart of India is lined with diverse styles and specialities, which vary across the geographies of this vast state. Given its size, and the glittering and unique personalities that each of its towns and cities owns, it's only natural that the food here too sustains a vibrant variety, grandeur and a flavor of its own.

The state's cuisine fosters influences of all that's in and around it, making the platter rich with variety and flavors and aromas of all types. The main elements of the food are Wheat, Rice, Meat, and Fish. Dal Bafla, Biryani, Kebabs, Korma, Poha, Pilaf, Rogan Josh, Jalebi, Ladoos are the specialties that the state is known for. Another tint of the state is found in its vibrant street food culture. The streets are filled with traditional delicacies such as Bun Kabab, Paya Soup and much more. Lassi, Beer, Sugarcane Juice and some locally made alcoholic beverages are also staple items of the state's cuisine.