Historical Places in India

Showing 39 Historical Places in India

The many temples, forts, palaces and monuments in the country make up the historical places of India. These reflect the splendid heritage and culture of the country. The historical places in India depict the stunning craftsmanship on the stone which can be seen in many temples and forts. The Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Humayun's Tomb are famous historical monuments of the Mughal period. Champaner, Dholavira and Nalanda are ancient archaeological sites. Glimpses of colonial architecture can be seen in cities such as Goa, Kolkata and Pondicherry. The Great Living Chola Temples are another example of India's rich history. Konark, Mysore, Orchha, Hyderabad, Bijapur and Lucknow are few other cities that are of historical significance.

Here is the list of 39 Historical Places in India

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1. Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Maharashtra

4.2

Known For : Ajanta Caves | Kailasanatha and other temples, Ellora | The Buddhist Caves, Ellora

Ajanta and Ellora caves are considered to be one of the most important tourist destinations in the world owing to the magnificent paintings of Ajanta and well carved sculptures of Ellora.

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2. Agra, Uttar Pradesh

4.8

Known For : Taj Mahal | Agra Fort | Fatehpur Sikri

Home to one of the 7 wonders of the world, Taj Mahal, Agra is a sneak peek into the architectural history with other structures such as Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri and hence makes for a must visit for anyone living in or visiting India.

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3. Delhi - The Capital City

4.1

Known For : Humayun's Tomb | Hauz Khas Village | Red Fort

From historical monuments to crowded shopping malls, from Mughal gardens to Delhi University campus, the capital city has multiple personalities making it 'The good, the bad and the ugly'.

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4. Sun Temple, Konark

Dedicated to Lord Surya, this 13th century temple is an architectural marvel and the quintessential example of Oriyan form of architecture. It is believed that the temple was constructed by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty. The shape of the temple is of a massive chariot with sumptuously engraved stone wheels, pillars and walls. A major part of the structure at present is in ruins. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

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5. Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

4.1

Known For : Kashi Vishwanath Temple | Dashashwamedh Ghat | Assi Ghat

Famously known as Banaras or Kashi, the holy city of Varanasi is located on the banks of river Ganga and is considered one of the holiest cities in India owing to its location and the numerous temples in it.

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6. Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

3.7

Known For : Kandariya Mahadev Temple | Light and sound show | Lakshman Temple

Khajuraho is known around the world for its stunning temples adorned by erotic and sensuous carvings.

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7. Chittorgarh, Rajasthan

3.3

Known For : Chittorgarh Fort | Vijay Stambh | Gau Mukh Kund

A historic city, Chittorgarh is mainly known for it's beautiful forts and temples

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8. Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh

2.3

Known For : Bhavani Island | Undavalli Caves | Kanaka Durga Temple

With scrumptious fruits, sensational sweets and scenic marvels, Vijayawada literally translates to 'The Place of Victory'.

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9. Bodh Gaya, Bihar

4.0

Known For : Mahabodhi Temple | Great Buddha Statue | Bodhi Tree

Believed to be the world's most sacred Buddhist pilgrimage center, Bodh Gaya is believed to be the place where Gautam Buddha achieved Enlightenment.

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10. Nalanda, Bihar

3.6

Known For : Nalanda University | The Great Stupa | Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall

Extensive ruins of center of higher learning in Bihar, Nalanda has various temples and monasteries, including the 'Great Stupa'.

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11. Jaipur, Rajasthan

4.4

Known For : Hawa Mahal | City Palace | Amber Fort, Jaipur

Jaipur, the ?Pink City?, is one of the most royal, majestic and colourful cities of India with a very strong historical background and vibrant culture.

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12. Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh

3.5

Known For : Sanchi Stupa | The Great Bowl | Ashok Pillar

Most famous for the Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi is a must visit for every Buddhist going on pilgrimage and is on the list of UNESCO World heritage sites.

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13. Udaipur, Rajasthan

4.4

Known For : Lake Pichola | City Palace | Fateh Sagar Lake

Located in a valley and surrounded by 4 lakes, it is at times referred to as the 'Kashmir of Rajasthan'

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14. Charminar, Hyderabad

Charminar is the most important landmark in the city of Hyderabad. The monument was erected when Quli Qutb Shah shifted his capital from Golcondo to Hyderabad. The monument got its name from its structure as it consists of four minarets. The monument looks amazing during night when it is illuminated.

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15. The Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu

History is alluring. It teaches us about the culture, people, traditions of an era gone by. In the history of the southern parts of the country, the Chola Empire ruled for centuries. They gifted a major chunk of history to us to devour on by building some of the most magnificent temples of all times. These temples were constructed between 11th- and 12th-century. The three temples built by the Chola kingdom are a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site and are labelled as, "Great Living Chola Temples". These are - The Brihadesvara Temple (Thanjavur), Brihadisvara Temple (Gangaikondacholisvaram) and Airavatesvara Temple (Darasuram).

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16. Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

4.3

Known For : Jaisalmer Fort | Desert Safari | Gadisar Lake

Situated close to the Pakistan Border, the Golden City is a major tourist spot owing to its proximity to the Thar Desert.

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17. Amritsar, Punjab

4.0

Known For : Golden Temple | Jallianwala Bagh | Wagah Border

Home to the famous Golden Temple, the historical city of Amritsar is a famous pilgrim centre.

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18. Thanjevur, Tamil Nadu

3.7

Known For : Brahadeshwara Temple | Vijayanagar Fort | Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Also known as Tanjore or the city of temples, Thanjavur has a lot of cultural value and is known for its famous Tanjore paintings, antiques and handicrafts, its Carnatic music and musical instruments and of course the temples.

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19. Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu

4.2

Known For : Mahabalipuram Beach | Shore Temple | Five Rathas

Famous for its intricately carved temples and rock-cut caves, Mahabalipuram also offers beautiful white sand beaches and an exotic shopping experience to the tourists.

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20. Gateway of India, Mumbai

One of the most distinguished monument in Mumbai, The Gateway of India was built in 1924. Now it has become a popular tourist hub in the city. Located at Apollo Bunder Waterfront, the monument overlooks the Arabian Sea in the most beautiful way.

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21. Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan

3.1

Known For : Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary | Kumbhalgarh Fort | Badal Mahal

Known best for its huge citadel and a wildlife reserve nearby.

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22. Hampi, Karnataka

4.6

Known For : Virupaksha Temple | Vithala Temple | Hampi Bazaar

Hampi, the city of ruins is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, owing to the ancient temples, forts, palaces and other monuments here.

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23. Orchha, Madhya Pradesh

4.2

Known For : Jehangir Mahal, Orchha Fort | Raja Mahal, Orchha Fort | Ram Raja Temple

Known for its grand palaces, intricately carved temples and striking forts, situated on banks of river Betwa Orchha is a city with a lot of historical significance and a photographers' delight.

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24. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra

A city, predominantly made of red sand stone, Fatehpur Sikri was once the capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is now a UNESCO world heritage site and a famous tourist attraction. The city offers a fine example of Akbar's architectural finesse.

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25. Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

3.8

Known For : Gwalior fort | Jai Vilas Palace | Man Mandir Palace

A historic city founded by king Surajesan, Gwalior is galore with beautiful monuments, palaces and temples, giving this city a majestic charm which speaks volumes of its glorious past.

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26. Kolkata, West Bengal

3.8

Known For : Victoria Memorial | Fort William | Howrah Bridge

Labeled as the 'City of Joy', the 'Cultural capital of India', Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) is a city with character and remnants of British Raj visible in its Victorian style architecture, trams and the nomenclature of the place.

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27. Mysore, Karnataka

3.6

Known For : Mysore Palace | Somanathapura Temple | Mysore Zoo

The third largest city in Karnataka, Mysore has a royal history, a rich and regal heritage and an important center of art and culture.

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28. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

3.6

Known For : Bara Imambara | Hazratganj Market | Lucknow Zoo

Referred to as the city of Nawabs, capital city of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is famous for its monuments, food, clothing in all of which it you can see the traces of Mughal reign.

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29. Pondicherry

3.8

Known For : Paradise Beach | Auroville Ashram | Water Sports in Pondicherry

Puducherry was the largest French colony in India and the French influence on the city can still be seen.

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30. Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh

3.6

Known For : The Rock Caves | Hoshangabad | Bhojpur

The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site, exhibiting the earliest traces of human life on the Indian subcontinent, and thus the beginning of the South Asian Stone Age.

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31. Mandu, Madhya Pradesh

3.6

Known For : Jahaz Mahal | Rani Rupmati's Pavilion | Baz Bahadur's Palace

This marvellous city is so deeply drenched into the ruins of the architectural wonders of the ancient times that it is surely going to take you back in time.

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32. Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh

3.4

Known For : Belum Caves | Oravakallu Rock Garden | Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary

A town of much historical value with beautiful surrounding areas, Kurnool adjures as the sole witness of an era long gone.

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33. Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh

2.3

Known For : Asirgarh Fort | Shahi Qila | Jama Masjid

Burhanpur is a historical town based on the banks of the Tapti River in Madhya Pradesh with few marvelous architectural examples.

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34. Warangal, Andhra Pradesh

2.7

Known For : Pakhal Lake | Thousand Pillar Temple | Ramappa Temple

Warangal takes you back to the era of kings and queens with its beautiful historical sites and an impressive natural beauty with Parkhal Lake being worth checking out.

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35. Bijapur, Karnataka

3.6

Known For : Gol Gumbaz | Ibrahim Rauza | Jumma Masjid

Famous for its historical heritage, Bijapur is a tourist destination that takes one back to the days gone by from the royal era.

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36. Halebid, Karnataka

3.5

Known For : Belur | Hoysaleswara Temple | Basadi Halli

Famous for its exhibits of Hoysala architecture, Halebidu is a ruined city with a glorious past with a strikingly beautiful collection of temples, shrines and sculptures.

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37. Shekhawati, Rajasthan

3.4

Known For : Sikar | Churu | Nawalgarh

Shekhawati is a semi-arid getaway full of open air galleries, enchanting havelis & palaces and legendary forts. This region has been recognised as the ""open art gallery of Rajasthan"" having the largest concentration of frescos in the world.

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38. Sibsagar, Assam

3.8

Known For : Rang Ghar | Charaideo | Talatal Ghar

Dating back to the Ahom dynasty, this cultural town is full of historic tourist attractions from forts with underground architecture to numerous temples.

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39. Kochi, Kerala

3.1

Known For : Willingdon Island | Chinese Fishing Nets | Fort Kochi

Situated on beach-side, Kochi is a bustling commercial port with a trading history that dates back to at least 600 years, and is till today the financial capital of Kerala.

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