Assam Tourism

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Assam Travel Essentials



Ideal duration: 4 - 12 days

Best Time: September - April Read More

Major Airports: Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Silchar

Read more about Airports in Assam

"Land of Blue Hills and Red River"

Assam, India

Nestled in North East India, Assam is a treasure trove of natural beauty and diverse history, often hailed as one of the country's most bountiful and untouched regions. Known as the 'Land of Blue Hills and Red River', Assam boasts wild forests, mighty rivers, and vast tea plantations. Renowned as the home to the one-horned rhino at the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Kaziranga National Park, it stands as a top biodiversity hotspot globally. With the majestic Brahmaputra River, magnificent hills, and rich flora and fauna, Assam embodies every tourist's paradise, serving as the gateway to the enchanting and unexplored northeastern part of India.

The state's diverse topography also offers opportunities for adventure activities such as river rafting, trekking in the picturesque hills of Haflong, and exploring the lush forests of Manas National Park. For those interested in history and culture, Assam is dotted with ancient temples, archaeological sites, and historical monuments that reflect its rich past and cultural diversity. Assamese cuisine is another highlight, featuring an array of flavorful dishes infused with indigenous herbs and spices. From mouthwatering fish curries to aromatic rice dishes and delectable sweets, Assamese cuisine delights the taste buds of visitors.

Sharing international borders with Bangladesh and Bhutan, Assam exudes vibrant culture, scenic beauty, and historical significance. Enjoying a tropical climate, the state hosts evergreen vegetation year-round. Guwahati, its largest city, renowned as the city of temples, houses the revered Maa Kamakhya Devi Temple, a significant Hindu pilgrimage site. Majuli, the world's largest river island, epitomizes vibrant Assamese neo-Vaishnavite culture. Further north, Dibrugarh, known as the Tea City of India, sits by the Dibru River, boasting vast tea estates.

Hajo, an ancient pilgrimage center for three religions, stands as a testament to India's secular diversity, adorned with temples, mosques, churches, and sacred artifacts. Haflong, Assam's sole hill station, mesmerizes with rolling mountains and lush green valleys, offering a serene retreat amidst nature's splendor. With its blend of natural wonders, cultural richness, and historical significance, Assam invites travelers to embark on an unforgettable journey through its captivating landscapes and vibrant heritage.

Must Know Before You Visit Assam

  • Wildlife safaris may require pre-booking due to limited availability during peak season. Plan ahead to secure your spot. 
  • Ferries to river islands like Majuli have limited availability. Plan your itinerary accordingly and check ferry schedules in advance.
Seasonal Closures & Restrictions: 
  • Attractions like Kamakhya Temple may close during specific hours. Check schedules beforehand. Kaziranga National Park is closed from June to September during monsoons.
  • Some sites may have entry restrictions based on gender or attire. Respect local customs when visiting temples and shrines.
  • In congested areas like Guwahati, parking may be limited. Consider public transport or accommodations with parking facilities.
Local Transport & Scam Awareness: 
  • Major cities offer taxi services, but smaller towns may require walking or hiring auto-rickshaws. Familiarize yourself with local options for a hassle-free experience.
  • Beware of scams involving unauthorized tour guides or overcharging, especially in tourist areas like Guwahati and Kaziranga.
Useful Information around Planning:
  • Festival Impact: Plan your trip around festivals like Bihu for a cultural experience, but be aware it may affect accommodation and transportation availability.
  • Multi-Destination Stay: Explore diverse attractions by staying in multiple locations like Guwahati, Kaziranga, and Majuli for a well-rounded experience of Assam.
  • Language Barrier: English is understood in urban areas, but rural areas may have limited English speakers. Consider learning basic Assamese phrases or using translation apps.
  • Cash Dependency: ATMs may be scarce in rural areas. Carry sufficient cash, especially when visiting remote destinations or markets.

Holidify's opinion on Travel to Assam

What's Great about Travelling to Assam?

  • Spectacular scenic beauty
  • Variety of flora and fauna to be explored in the reserves and national parks
  • Offbeat places which are largely untouched
  • Convenient travel by air, rail or road within the state
  • Connected to all other Northeastern cities and other major airports of India
  • Multi-cultural experience

What's Not So Great about Travelling to Assam?

  • Relatively less-developed tourist facilities as compared to the rest of India
  • Heavy rainfall and inundation may hinder travel during summers and monsoons
  • Sultry summers and monsoon seasons can hinder tourism.

Who should Travel to Assam?

Assam is a getaway suited to families, friends and solo travellers. The local people are friendly and a plethora of experiences await those who visit the state.

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FAQs on Assam

Why is Brahmaputra called 'The Soul of Assam'?

Flowing through most regions of Assam, the Brahmaputra river is more than just a geographical entity. It has integrated into the culture and society of Assam. On its bank, all the major cities of Assam thrive and provide livelihoods to thousands of people. The river also nurtures the vast amount of forests in the state that are teeming with wildlife. The river has been at the centre of art, culture, folklore and literature for its aggressive temperament during the monsoons. Today, it has become an important part of the tourism industry, and many cruises operate along the river.

What are the types of traditional handicraft found in Assam?

Assamese traditional crafts encompass a wide variety across the region and reflect the local cultural influences that have evolved over time. Assam is famous for its wood, cane and bamboo crafts, pottery, handlooms, jewellery and colourful masks. The most famous crafts are undoubtedly the bamboo and cane products, but other crafts like woodwork are also very famous. The metal crafts in the form of articles of worship as well as household items have made Assam a favourite destination for those who want to add a touch of rusticity to their homes. The tribal masks and traditional painting styles reflect the massive tribal influence on the lifestyle of the people as well as the thriving tribal culture that still forms an integral part of the state. Weaving is the traditional art of the Assamese.

What are the major festivals celebrated in Assam?

Like all other North-Eastern states, festivities form the core of Assamese life, and this state has no dearth of festivals. The most famous, Bihu, is related to the agricultural cycle and is celebrated three times a year to correspond to various harvest and planting seasons. Rongali Bihu, Kaati Bihu and Magh Bihu are the three festivals celebrated by different communities in their distinctive way with dances and rituals. The Ambubachi Mela held at the Maa Kamakhya temple, Ali-ai-Ligang and Jonbil Mela are other major religious and cultural festivals of Assam.

Which animals are found in Assam?

Because of its geographical diversity, Assam is one of the leading biodiversity hotspots in the world. It has many different ecosystems like rainforests, grasslands, bamboo orchards, wetlands and marshes. Most of these biodiverse regions are now protected as wildlife sanctuaries and national parks and are open to tourists except during the monsoon seasons. Many rare species of animals and birds like the Golden Langur, the One-Horned Rhino and a variety of hornbills, amphibians and vultures are found in these forests. The Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

How are the local people of Assam?

The people of the Assam are extremely friendly. They belong to different tribes and communities. Keeping in sync with the picturesque landscapes and the colourful customs, the people of Assam are a perfect example of unity in diversity. The state has the largest number of tribes within their variety in tradition, culture, dresses, and exotic way of life. The major languages spoken in Assam is Assamese or Axomia and Bodo. Down south in the Barak Valley region, the major language spoken is Bengali. The major religions of Assam are Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam and Buddhism. From ancient times, artists and sculptors, masons and architects, and others craftsmen such as weavers, potters, goldsmiths, artisans working with ivory, wood, bamboo, cane and rawhide have all flourished in Assam.

What is the history of Assam?

The ancient history of Assam shows consistency with contemporary events in mainland India and has been clearly documented since the 1st century AD. It was known as Kamarupa and ruled by subsidiaries of North Indian rulers. The 13th century saw invasions from the North and East by Delhi-based Islamic rulers and the Chinese army.

The Ahoms ruled Assam at the time when Mughals were presiding over the rest of India and were deposed by the advent of the British in 1826. After independence, few parts of Assam became part of East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) and the present day state of Assam was formed in 1962 as various states of the Northeast were carved out of it.

What is the landscape of Assam?

The beautiful state of Assam is located in the North Eastern part of India and borders West Bengal. It shares an international boundary with Bangladesh and Bhutan and has a hilly terrain. A large area of Assam is naturally irrigated by the two major rivers - Brahmaputra and Barak and the hills of the Barail range run between these two valleys. Known around the world for its fragrant variety of tea, Assam is one of the biggest homes to a majority of India's tea gardens. Guwahati is the largest city and serves as the connection between the North Eastern states and mainland India. Dispur, Jorhat, Tezpur and Dhubri are some of the other main cities in the state.

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Popular Questions And Answers on Assam

Q. Best time to visit or which time of the year is good to visit Assam?


5 years ago
October to April is the Best Time to Visit Assam. Check out the following link to know the complete details about Assam and its Weather -
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