Union Territories of India


Union Territories in India

India has a total of 8 Union Territories and 28 states. The 8 Union territories in India include Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep. Union Territory is a special administrative sector in the republic of India which operate directly under the central government. Unlike the states of India which have their own state governments, they do not have a government of their own and are controlled by central government (union government). Out of the nine union territories of India, Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and J & K have their own legislatures. Each union territory has a capital of its own or the main area of administration.

Here is the list of 8 Union Territories of India

1. Ladakh (Bifurcated on October 31, 2019)

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Known For : Pangong Lake Magnetic Hill Zanskar Valley

A land like no other with a superabundance of attractions to visit and fabulous landscapes, amazing people and culture, Ladakh is truly a heaven on Earth. With the recent announcement by Amit Shah, Home Minister of India, “The Ladakh Division of the State of Jammu & Kashmir has a large area but is sparsely populated with very difficult terrain. There has been a long pending demand of the people of Ladakh, to give it the status of a Union Territory to enable them to realize their aspirations. The Union Territory of Ladakh will be without Legislature. Ladakh is now a Union Territory of India.

Best Time: Jun to Sep

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2. Jammu & Kashmir (Bifurcated on October 31, 2019)

On 5 August 2019, the Government dissolved Article 370 of the Constitution of India, bifurcated the state into two union territories and notified that J&K shall now be one of the new Union Territories in India with its own legislature, similar to how Puducherry and Delhi are administered. In the case of J&K Union Territory, it will be a self-administered government with a legislative government.

3. National Capital Territory of Delhi (Capital Delhi)

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Known For : Humayun's Tomb Hauz Khas Village Qutub Minar

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Delhi or the National Capital Territory of Delhi is a city and a union territory in India which consists of the national capital, New Delhi. The state of Uttar Pradesh surrounds it to the east while on the remaining sides it is bordered by Haryana. Much like the states of India, Delhi is administered by its own legislature, high court and council of ministers.
From historical monuments to crowded shopping malls, from Mughal gardens to Delhi University campus, the capital city has multiple personalities making it 'The good, the bad and the ugly'.The Capital city of India and the base location to explore North India, Delhi is considered to be the city with a heart.

Best Time: October to March

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4. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Capital Daman)

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Known For : Devka Beach Mirasol Lake Garden Lighthouse, Daman

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Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are together a single union territory (effective from 26th January 2020) as per legislation passed by the Government of India. This merger of these four areas was proposed to reduce administrative costs and duplication of services. Daman is set to be the capital of this new union territory.
Similar to Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli was also a part of Portuguese India until the middle of the 20th century. The smaller area of Dadra is in Gujarat while Nagar Haveli is in between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. With the hills of the Western Ghats and surrounding lush greenery, it is an ideal indulgence into the wild side for a tourist and its Portuguese heritage makes it famous amongst the history enthusiasts as well.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu has been established as a new Union Territory on 26th January 2020
Daman and Diu was established as a Union Territory on May 30, 1987
Dadra and Nagar Haveli were merged with the Republic of India as a Union Territory on 11 August 1961

Best Time: October to Apr

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5. Chandigarh (Also the Capital of Punjab & Haryana)

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Known For : Rose Garden Rock Garden Sukhna Lake

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Chandigarh, a union territory that is the capital of both Punjab as well as Haryana is a subtle and ideal definition of the word 'city'. In a culture that includes instances of both traditional Punjab as well as modernity. Chandigarh is similar to Delhi in that it is granted the status of a city and of a union territory at the same time. Despite being the capital of both the states of Punjab and Haryana, it is governed directly by the central government. Geographically, the state of Punjab lies to its north, south and west while the state of Haryana lies to the east.

Became a Union territory on November 1, 1966

Best Time: August to March

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6. Andaman & Nicobar - First union territory of India

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Known For : Scuba Diving In Andaman Havelock Island Radhanagar Beach

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands collectively was the first union territory of India after India gained independence. These islands are situated to the south-east of the India Peninsula mainland at the juncture where the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea merge.  Lagoons of crystal clear water and scenic beaches topped with a little bit of history make Andaman and Nicobar one of the most perfect choices for an enjoyable, laid-back holiday. From the pristine, untouched beaches of Neil and Havelock Islands to the bustling town of Port Blair, the Andamans have something to offer to every tourist.

Became a Union Territory on November 1, 1956

Best Time: October to Jun

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7. Pondicherry - Puducherry

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Known For : Paradise Beach, Pondicherry Aurobindo Ashram Cafes in Pondicherry

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Pondicherry was formed in the year of 1962, out of the former French colonies of Mahe, Pondicherry, Karaikal and Yanam. These colonies are now the districts under Pondicherry. Karaikal and Puducherry districts are bound by Tamil Nadu while the remaining districts of Mahe and Yanam are bound by Kerala and Andhra Pradesh respectively.
Pondicherry, also known as Puducherry and commonly referred to as just Pondy, is one of the seven Union Territories of India. is often famously referred to as the French Riviera of the East, and it is indeed one of the most charming and mesmerising places to visit in South India. Located in the state of Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry is a little town tucked away in the south-east coastline of India, and it is a destination that promises travellers sanctity and serenity, in the real sense of the terms.

de jure transfer to India and formed a Union Territory on August 16, 1962

Best Time: October to March

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8. Lakshadweep (Capital Kavaratti)

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Known For : Minicoy Island Agatti Islands Bangaram Island

Literally meaning a 'hundred thousand islands', Lakshadweep has few of the most beautiful and exotic islands and beaches of India. The smallest union territory of India, Lakshadweep was
formerly a part of Madras (now Chennai) and was separated and given the status of Union Territory on the 1st of November, 1956. Initially, it was called the Laccadive, Minicoy and Aminidivi islands until the name Lakshadweep was officially adopted on the 1st of November of 1973. It is the smallest among all the union territories of India in terms of area and lies in the Laccadive sea south-west from the Indian peninsula mainland.

Became a Union Territory on November 1, 1956

Best Time: September to May

Which of these union territories in India have you visited and which one is your favourite? Let us know in the comments below!

This post was published by Joysurjya Hagjer

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FAQs on India

How many union territories are there in India in 2020?

There are 8 union territories in India and 28 states.

Is Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu same?

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (DNHDD) is a union territory in the Western part of India. It comprises of Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu. Daman and Diu were a separate UT that merged with Dadra and Nagar Haveli on 26 January 2020.

How many union territories have legislative assembly?

Puducherry, Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir 

Which union territories merged recently?

Daman and Diu is merged into Dadra and Nagar Haveli 

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