The Science City of India - Why Bengaluru is India's Leading Science Center?

The capital city of the Indian state of Karnataka is Bengaluru. Previously known as Bangalore, the town is famously known for being flooded with people from all across the country. A simple justification to that statement is that the pleasant climate attracted the 'ruling class' to the city and this made the town a Cantonment area and the streets name came from military nomenclature - Artillery road, Cavalry road, Infantry road, and Brigade road.

Why is Bengaluru called the Science City of India?

Bengaluru is also known as the Silicon Valley of India as it is the country's leading Information Technology (I.T.) producer. Due to the rise in technology jobs in Bangalore, this city is the second fastest growing metropolitan city in India and has a highly educated workforce in the world. Because of the multiple software companies and startups, that majorly fall under the software bracket, that emerge from Bengaluru and spread across the country or even the globe, this city has been named as the Science City of India.

Bengaluru isn't just preferred nationally for investors of startups but also globally. The market reach that has happened over the past decade is not only just a massive leap in terms of revenue generation but also for the state of Karnataka. This city provides around 22% of jobs in the I.T. sector in India and is home to more than 3 million people working for more than 200 software companies. This city has many companies like ISRO, Infosys, Wipro, and HAL, which have their headquarters here. Let's take a look at what these organizations mentioned above are about in brief. They are as follows -


Indian Space Research Organization is a government agency that tries to perform planetary exploration as well as researching the scientific theorems that help derive what exactly is out there in space. This organization was formerly known as ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) but of late, from 2nd April 2018 to be precise, this organization has been called U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC). USRC is situated in Vimanapura, Bangalore and had recently launched its 100th satellite.

2. Infosys and Wipro 

These multinational corporations provide consultation and outsourcing services to their clients when it comes to information technology. Infosys has got the world’s largest corporate university spanning across 350 acres of land and having the capacity of training 14,000 employees at a particular point of time, makes this company an IT giant. Although this training center is located in Mysore, most of the on-field work is overseen by the Bangalore branch employees of this company.

3. HAL 

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is yet another government-owned agency that helps build, design and fabricate jet engines, helicopters, and fighter planes. The Indian Ministry of Defence oversees this place. Being one of the largest aerospace companies in Asia, this company has an annual turnover of approximately USD 2,000,000,000. The majority of the revenue generated by HAL comes from other international companies and countries. HAL not only follows a huge chunk of international agreements but it also follows a majority of domestic agreements as well.

4. Planetarium 

The Bangalore Association for Science Education (BASE) is very particular about giving the people the kind of knowledge they deserve about science. While doing so, their mission is to make it more interactive and fun to make the people forget about the various misconceptions about science. The Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium focuses on popularising science to the masses as well as educating them.

5. Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum 

Spread across an area of 4000 square meters, the Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum (VITM), managed by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India, is a total crowd pleaser for all the science enthusiasts. This museum has seven permanent galleries for exhibiting its technological marvels namely, Engine Hall, Space Emerging Technology in the service of humanity, Fun Science, Biotechnological Revolution, BEL Hall of Electronics, Children Science, and Electrotechnic.

6. Food and Culture of 'The Science City of India'

Bengaluru has been named the most vegan-friendly city in all of India by PETA (People for Ethical Treatment of Animals) because of the increasing number of vegan restaurants coming to the town. The diverse cuisine is a reflection on how the city functions on being very active in terms of the food that the people want to have. Everybody gets to eat everything they wish to eat. Bengaluru has many parks and gardens that provide excellent pitches for impromptu games.

Bengaluru is a city with many cultures and houses people of different languages and nationalities as well. The town has plenty of greenery around and is also extraordinarily breezy. The town has got two nicknames, the first one being the "Science City of India" and the other one being the "Garden City of India". The diversity in terms of food, people, quality of life in this city indescribable.

This post was published by Gautham Pappu