Culture of Goa

The smallest state of India needs no introduction because this honeypot tourist destination attracts over 63 hundred thousand visitors every year! A former Portuguese colony, Goa is also fondly known as the 'Rome of the East'. Goa as we know it is exactly how anyone in the country would describe it too, beaches, endless parties, exciting nightlife and surreal nature at its best. Inhabited and colonized by the Portuguese for almost 450 years, the state has an inherent influence on their culture and traditions. Spawned over a land area of 3702 km square with the Arabian Sea cradling its coastline, this destination experiences tropic weather conditions almost all through the year. Since everyone already knows of Goa's colourful nightlife, here is a little throwback to the rich history that the state also boasts of.

History of Goa

Besides being colonized by the Portuguese, Goa has a fascinating historical past, which dates back further to the 3rd century BC. A prominent part of the Mauryan Empire, Goa was of prime importance because of its natural harbours and wide river base. Only in 1987 did Goa get the status of an independent state and the regional language Konkani was recognized as one of India's official languages. Despite the multi-cultural influences on Goa, the state still boasts of a distinctive culture, which makes the destination an affable one.
 
culture of goa, history of goa
Source

The Goan Life and Culture

People living in Goa are referred to as Goans. A small state on India's western coast, Goa has always benefitted as a trade centre because of its easily accessible ports. A beautiful harmonization of the East and West, Goans have taken the best of both worlds. A civilization of warm, happy people, Goa sees a mix of different religions like Christians, Catholics, Muslims and Hindus that live together in consonance. Following their age-old traditions and customs, Goan's celebrate all major festivals with fervour without bringing any religious barriers within the society.
 
culture of goa
Source
 
Dwellers who live in small villages within the state are neither overtly greedy for money nor poor. Living off lavishly with what they earn through the peak months of tourism, goan's live life to the fullest. With a strong influence from the west, Goa has always had the more modern mindset as compared to other states of India. Their rich heritage culture has been untouched with modern reformations one sees in big cities. Celebrating livelihood and religious festivals with scrumptious food and delightful music, the locals are humble, warm and fun loving individuals.
 
Source

Food Culture of Goa

Food and drinks are an integral part of marking Goa's vibrant culture. Meals bring families together, and a staple is the combination of Goan fish curry and rice. A dish that brings a warm coconut flavour to the palate, this one is a must try if you are visiting the city. Apart from this staple, Goa is also famous for its mixed bag of freshly caught seafood. Prawns, crabs, kingfish with their traditional spicy marination are a delectable delicacy for the locals. Another festive favourite for the Goans is their beef and pork roasts that are a must on their Christmas men's which is best paired with Goa's famous brew Feni, made with fermented cashews. Coconuts, spices and fresh catch from the sea are core ingredients one will find in any Goan home, making their food hearty and absolutely delicious. Fish curry and rice, a dish which is synonymous to the state of Goa, is prepared via using a host of ingredients like coconut, chilli peppers, cashew and seasoning. Other dishes like the Bebinca (a multi-layered sweet dish) and the Khatkhate are essentials when friends get together or during festivities.
 
culture of goa, cuisine of goa
Source

Occupation

Unlike cosmopolitan cities in India, the locals of Goa live a beautiful and leisurely life, living each moment to the fullest. Reaping the benefits of its location, the most common occupation of locals is fishing. Owing to the fertile land and abundant water supply, often locals practice farming and grow common food items like cashew, coconuts, jackfruit and other grains. Apart from this, the next most sought-after business in a tourist overrun location like Goa, locals run shacks, guest houses and are tourist guides in the prime season. To sustain themselves in the offseason they practice the cultivation of local crops and grains.
 
culture of goa, occupation of goa
Source

Handicrafts of Goa

In an area where tourism is the core economy booster, small handicrafts and souvenir jewellery are popular items found in the local markets. Skilled artisans reuse shells and coconut skins found on the beach to make stunning jewellery, frames, and showpieces for home decor. Apart from this, bamboo, brass, and silver are also widely sold in the form of jewellery and artefacts that attract tourists from across the globe.
 
culture of goa, goa handicraft
Source

Dance and Music Culture of Goa

Goans have a particular fondness for performing arts, which is very distinct from the other states of India. A beautiful blend of Indian and western, Goan art forms consist of Fugdi, Dhalo and the Kunbi that date back to the Portuguese era in Goa. The folk dances and music in the state are performed for both religious festivals and cheerful events. The rich and exquisite culture of Goa adds a feather this already favoured travel destination in India.

Dekhni Dance

Performed while wearing a ghumat, this dance form is accompanied via a song which has western roots whereas the dance has an Indian origin. The Dekhni dance is performed by only the women of the community and is one of the best-known traditions of Goa.

Goff Tolgadi And Shigmo

These are a couple of dance forms that are very local to the Goan community and are usually performed during the months of Spring, as an offering and jubilation which the season brings to the peasants and their crops. The Goff consists of weaving braids with various tints of colours and is often performed by the people residing in the Canacona Taluka (province) of Goa. Source

The Shigmo is marked by traditional dances that are performed by wearing colorful dresses accompanied by beats of a dhol, tasha or that of cymbals. Processions of floats on which we can see passionate actors enact performances conveying the history of Goa, can be seen throughout the street of Goa.
 
culture of goa, goa dance
Source


Traditions Goan Attire


The traditional costume of the women folk in Goa comprises that of a 9-yard sari also referred to as the ‘Pano Bhaju’ and some jewellery to balance out the entire outfit. The fishermen do not have any particular attire but are usually seen adorning bright cotton shirts with half pants.

The attire of the tribal people in Goa comprises of a loincloth known as ‘Kashti’, with a blanket draped around their shoulders. The women wear a traditional sari with a tied knot using their ‘Kunbi palloo’ and have a very distinctive dressing style.
 
This coastal paradise is one of the most sought-after tourist destinations, despite its multicultural influences. So if you haven't seen this vibrant treasure of our country, plan your next trip to Goa and be charmed by the humble locals and high-spirited culture of this beloved city.

This post was published by Sneha Virmani

Share this post on social media
Google +

Related Articles

Art & Culture

History of Goa - How Portuguese & Southern Influences Built the State

Art & Culture

Festivals of Goa

Art & Culture

Languages of Goa - The Pearl of The Orient

Beaches & Islands

Best Beaches in Goa

10 Things NOT to do in Goa | Seriously, Don't Even Try

Nightlife

Nightlife in Goa - Things to Do at Night in Goa | Nightclubs, Parties and More in Goa

Travel Tips

What To Wear In Goa - Dresses For Goa That You Must Carry!

Sightseeing

Places To Visit Near Goa For An Extended Vacation

Nightlife

Nightlife In South Goa - 15 Places To Groove To Your Madness

What Makes Goa different in December

Nightlife

Nightclubs in Goa - Best Discoclubs in Goa To Groove All NIght Long

Food & Drink

Places To Visit in Goa For Youngsters : Your Cheat Sheet To Big Fun For Dirt Cheap

Adventure

Parasailing in Goa: Best Beaches in Goa For Parasailing

Adventure

Adventure Sports In Goa - Add these Activities to your Bucket List!

Art & Culture

Languages of Goa - The Pearl of The Orient

Experiences

Scuba Diving in Goa - 5 Best Places and Operators Cheap Scuba Diving

Beaches & Islands

Beaches in South Goa For A Perfect Beach Holiday

Beaches & Islands

Most Popular Beaches in North Goa That Every Traveller Must Visit

Art & Culture

Historical Places in Goa To Visit Apart From Beaches

Art & Culture

Mesmerising Churches in Goa That Showcase Goa's Portuguese Heritage

Shimgo Festival in Goa

Travel Tips

Bike Renting in Goa - The Essentials of Hiring a Bike in the Tourist Paradise

13 Casinos in Goa You Must Visit At least Once

Misty Eyed Goa #TWC

Sightseeing

Goa in Monsoon: Is Goa in July A Good or Bad Idea?

Transport

This Train Will Change The Way Of Travelling Between Mumbai and Goa

Family Holidays

Picnic Spots in Goa: An Underrated Experience In Goa

Experiences

Car Rentals in Goa- Handbook to Renting a Self Drive Car in Goa

Art & Culture

History of Goa - How Portuguese & Southern Influences Built the State

Places to visit near Mumbai

Places to visit near Pune

Places to visit near Bangalore

Beaches & Islands

15 Beautiful Islands in India for a Perfect Escape

Experiences

Best Bachelor Party Destinations In India - For Your Party Fix Before Getting Hitched!

Experiences

Music Festivals In India That Every Music Enthusiast Must Attend!

Adventure

Paragliding In India

Romantic & Honeymoon

21 Best Honeymoon Destinations In India

Travel Tips

Travelling With Children In India

Traveller's Guide To Exploring India With Kids!

Travel Tips

Indian Visa Requirements - Application Process, Eligibility, Fee & More

Adventure

Top Places For Hot Air Balloon Ride in India

Beaches & Islands

Ultimate Road Tips: All You Need To Know About Riding From Bangalore To Goa

Beaches & Islands

8 Airbnbs for House Parties in Goa

Sightseeing

Goa In Monsoons: What To Do, Places To Visit

Adventure

Beautiful Islands of Goa

Fairs & Festivals

Festivals In December You Wouldn't Want To Miss

Experiences

Hippies in Goa - A Guide to Goa's Iconic Hippie Culture

Romantic & Honeymoon

Honeymoon in Goa: The Idyllic Romantic Getaway With Your Loved One

Beaches & Islands

Casinos in Goa You Must Visit Atleast Once

Adventure

Caves in Goa

Food & Drink

Food of Goa: 16 Goan Dishes That Will Make You Drool!

Beaches & Islands

Get Free Beer In Exchange Of Waste Bottle Caps And Cigarette Butts In Goa

Adventure

Scuba Diving In Goa - 11 Best And Cheapest Of Diving Operators

Beaches & Islands

17 Best Beach Shacks in Goa

Wildlife & Nature

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Goa

Road Trips

Taxi Strike In Goa - Here's All You Need To Know

Adventure

Paragliding in Goa For Every Adrenaline Junkie To Try

Experiences

Glamping in India For A Luxury Vacation In The Wild

Adventure

Amusement Parks in Goa for a Day of Fun and Activity

Sightseeing

Waterfalls near Goa That You Can Not Miss

Haunted Places in Goa That You Must (Not) Visit

Experiences

Sunburn Festival in Goa 2019 - Live the EDM Passion

Beaches & Islands

Hidden Beaches In Goa To Get Away From The Crowd

Beaches & Islands

No Beach Shacks in Goa This Season - Read More to Find Out

Experiences

6 Best Workation Destinations In India

Experiences

Unwind At This Hidden Cottage in Goa With Your Better Half For Some Relax-cation

Experiences

New Year Party in Goa - Party All Night Along The Beaches

Backpacking

13 Hostels In Goa Starting at INR 199

Adventure

15 Beach Villas In Goa For The Perfect Winter Vacation

Stay

AirBnBs in North Goa to make you jump off your bed and book

Adventure

Offbeat Things To Do in Goa

Sightseeing

Things to do in Goa

Adventure

Goa is About to Host A New Adventure Sport and We Are EXCITED

Adventure

Got Just 48 Hours In Goa? Here's How To Make The Most Of It

Family Holidays

Pre Plan Your Work Leaves For The Long Weekends in 2019

Road Trips

Mumbai to Goa Road trip > Distance, Directions and Everything You Need To Know

Food & Drink

Best Malls in Goa For Shopping, Food & Entertainment!⇥

Sightseeing

Magnificent Forts in Goa for Every Traveller's Delight

Sightseeing

Mesmerising Waterfalls in Goa That Will Keep You Calling Back

Food & Drink

Street Food In Goa For A Delectable Experience

Sightseeing

Ports in Goa

Nightlife

Peppy Party Places in Goa for a Raging Night of Fun

Comments on this post