Rani Ka Vav or 'Queen's Stepwell' is a distinctive form of water storage system located in the small town of Gujarat called Patan, on the banks of River Saraswati. Believed to be the grandest step well in the state of Gujarat, Rani ka Vav was constructed from 1063 to 1068 AD in Chalukya Dynasty as a memorial of Bhimdev Solanki by his widowed Queen Udaymati. Recently listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 22nd June 2014, this step well epitomises the peak of Maru-Gujarat architectural style.
In the olden days, the water of the well had medicinal properties which helped ward off diseases like viral diseases and fever. The well was excavated in the 1960s in a well-protected state as it was buried under slit for sanctuaries. Apart from being a water storage system, is also known for its intricately carved sculptures on pillars that numbers around eight hundred primarily based on the theme of Lord Vishnu. In addition to this, Rani Ka Vav was an important centre for socialising among the locals as well as taking refuge from the heat. It's an excellent example of turning something functional into a piece of art.
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