Rani Ka Vav or 'Queen's Stepwell' is a unique step well located in the small town of Gujarat called Patan. Located on the banks of River Saraswati, it is not only a distinctive form of water resource and storage system but also represents a unique craftsmanship. Believed to be the grandest step well in the state of Gujarat, Rani ka Vav was constructed during 1063 to 1068 AD by the widowed Queen Udaymati. Recently listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 22nd June 2014, this subterranean step well epitomises the peak of Maru-Gujarat architectural style.
In the olden days, the well was surrounded by a number of medicinal herbs which imparted a medicinal quality to is water which helped ward off diseases like viral diseases and fever. The well, apart from working as the water storage system, is also known for its intricately carved sculptures that numbers around five hundred surpassing all other such architecture. Numerous sculptures dedicated to Lord Vishnu and his various forms like Kalki, Rama, Krishna, Narsinh, Vaman, Varahi can be seen here. In addition to this, Rani Ka Vav was an important centre for socializing among the locals as well. Its size of this structure is so vast that a visitor appears to be a mere dot on the structure from far off. It's a good example of manmade marvels of ancient India attracting visitors from all around the world collecting applauds.
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