Located near the famous Golden Temple of Amritsar, the Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden which houses a memorial to commemorate the massacre of peaceful celebrators by the British forces. The tragic incident had left a deep scar on the country, and a memorial was constructed post the independence for the innocents who lost their lives in this devastating incident. Established by the government of India in 1951, the massacre memorial was inaugurated by Dr Rajendra Prasad on 13th April 1961. The place has been turned into a beautiful park and is managed by the Jallianwala Bagh National memorial trust.
In April of 1919, Brigadier General R.E.H Dyer arrived in Amritsar and occupied the city under his rule as the civil administration under Miles Irving had come to a halt. Suspecting a revolt, General Dyer announced a ban on meetings and conventions by the people, but this information was not widely propagated. On the 13th of April, 1919 a peaceful gathering of people convened in the Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate the festival of Baisakhi. Upon getting the first information about the assembly, General Dyer marched towards the Bagh with a battalion of ninety Sikh, Gurkha, Baluchi, Rajput troops from 2-9th Gurkhas, the 54th Sikhs and the 59th Sind Rifles. Dyer and the troops ascended a raised platform in the garden and announced indiscriminate and unprovocative firing on thousands of nonviolent and unarmed Indians. Dyer continued firing until the ammunition was exhausted, making innocent and unarmed men, women and children its victims. Officially, the British Indian sources identified 379 people dead in the incident with 1,200 wounded. However, the number of casualties estimated by the Indian National Congress was a staggering 1,500 with 1,000 people succumbing to the bullet wounds.
The wounds that were hurled at Jallianwala Bagh by the British find a tangible existence at two very particular structures in the garden. One of them is the wall towards the end of the park, which is still riddled with the marks of up to 36 bullets that were fired at the crowds. A well is situated near the entrance of the park was where many people attending the meeting had jumped in order to dodge the bullets. After the firing has subsided, hundreds of dead bodies were retracted from the well. These two structures are solemn reminders of our freedom struggle and the sacrifices made by our predecessors to build an independent India.
Best time to visit during the day is towards the morning hours. Best season to visit is winter from October - March.
The Jallianwala Bagh is located in close vicinity of Golden Temple in Amritsar, at a distance of 1.3 kilometers only. You can take a short walk here from the temple itself. You can easily reach the park via auto rickshaw, taxi or bus available from all parts of the city.
If you wish to stay near the Jallianwala Bagh, you can book an accommodation at the Robin Hotel, Hotel CJ International, Hotel Holy City, Hotel Sawera Grand, Hotel HKJ Residency and Temple City Guest House. There are other hotels here as well in case none of the above suit your taste.
There are a number of famous eateries near the Jallianwala Bagh. Some of these include Bharawan Da Dhaba, Neelam's, Shudh Dhaba, Kesar Da Dhaba, Brother's Amritsari Dhaba, Food Express and New Punjabi Rasoi.
1. Carry a water bottle, umbrella, sunglasses and sunscreen if you are visiting this destination in the summers
2. Do not litter the premises
Compare quotes from upto 3 travel agents for free
3 months ago by Tanvi Akhauri
The Jallianwala Bagh is a testament to the sacrifice of our Indian fore-generations. I have visited this place twice, and have left both times feeling deeply emotional and thankful. Every inch of the garden is a reminder of the massacre of innocent lives. I remember the bullet holes in the brick walls and the Martyrs' Well having a deep impact on me, so much so that they are etched clearly in my brain even now. The property is well-maintained. Memorials and information boards are informative about the history of the place. Tour guides are also available.
Be the first to add a question