Nizwa Fort is Oman’s most visited and most famous monument and fort. Unlike its counterpart the Bahla Fort, this 17th century fort has not yet been included under UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. What it lacks in prominence, it makes up for in exhibits and study conducted intended to reveal the glorious past of the city.
Al Mirani Fort in Muscat was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century. It, along with neighbouring Al Jalali Fort, looks out to the Gulf of Oman and would guard the port of Muscat in the past. The Mirani Fort and Al Jalali Fort are located on either side of the palace. Although closed to the public, visitors can view this fort from outside. This fort was extremely instrumental in the downfall of the Portuguese. The fort has many ancient war tools on display.
The massive Al Jalali Fort, also known as Ash Sharqiya Fort, was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century. Interestingly it once used to be a prison which has been converted to a heritage private museum. Being located on the harbour, the Al Jalali Fort offers a beautiful view of the entire city of Muscat. The only entrance to this place is through a steep flight of stairs in the front. The entry to this fort is strictly by permit only. You can apply to the Ministry Of National Heritage through the contact page on their website.
The Sohar Fort is rumoured to be built around the first century. It is a beautiful fort that is situated on a hilltop with five towers. It has two parks, the Silver Jubilee Park and Sohar Park. These parks are ideal destinations for people who want to get out of the busy city. This fort is the most popular attraction in Sohar!
Jebel Akhdar highland in Oman is home to four historic fortresses, one of which is the Bahla Fort. The Bahla Fort became the first, and only UNESCO listed Fort for Oman and it was added in 1987. After going through massive restoration processes, (from 1988-2004 and even further) the Fort reopened as a tourist attraction in 2012. Another interesting fact is that there is not much information about this place. So, if you are here, you have to explore it all on your own.