Here are the top 30 tourist attractions to see in Cairo:

1. Pyramids of Giza

4.5 /5

2 km
from city center
1 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Fantastically attractive, the pyramids of Giza are a must-visit for all the tourists. These fourth dynasty funerary pyramids are located on the edge of the city and have been wooing travellers since centuries.

2. Al-Azhar Mosque

4.2 /5

3 km
from city center
2 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

A remarkable establishment in the heart of the city, Al-Azhar Mosque is the most marvellous building which attracts millions of visitors throughout the year. Having built in AD972, It is really old and on of the prime landmarks in the city.

3. Khan el-Khalili

3.8 /5

3 km
from city center
3 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

One of the biggest markets in the world, Khan al-Khalili is very chirpy, exciting and inspiring. With the constant selling, bargaining and purchasing, the local market is worth visiting. Travellers spend quite a lot of time here exploring the specialities and buying souvenirs.

4. The Citadel

3.8 /5

3 km
from city center
4 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Right on the foothills of the enormous Mokattam, the fortress of the Saladin Citadel was established in the year 1176. It is one of the most remarkable creations of military infrastructure, which attracts a large number of tourists every year.

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5. Old Cairo (Coptic Cairo)

3.7 /5

4 km
from city center
5 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

This little church-filled bunch of twisty laneways exists in the walls of Old Babylon where the Roman Emperor Trajan first established a fortress along the river Nile. Parts of the Roman towers are still there presiding over the main road.

6. Asfour Crystal Factory

3.7 /5

2 km
from city center
6 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Egypt has always been a home to crystals, stones and gems. The scattering bling of the bright crystals is a treat to the eyes.

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7. Al-Azhar Park

3.6 /5

3 km
from city center
7 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Once a junk dump, Al-Azhar Park has been worked upon and cleaned thoroughly to provide a serene green space to the nature lovers. In contrast to the hustle and bustle of the busy downtown, the park provides a great respite to the travellers.

8. Bab Zuweila

3.6 /5

2 km
from city center
8 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Ah! The intriguing gate of Bab Zzuweila! Established in the eleventh century, much earlier than most of the other areas, Bab Zuweila has a distinct antique charm about it. Tourists often come and climb this relic to witness some of the most captivating views on the rooftop over Islamic Cairo.

9. Zamalek

3.5 /5

2 km
from city center
9 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Best known for its extravagance, Zamalek district is well located in the heart of Gezira alongside the gleaming Nile. The entire territory gives you a posh European feel with English-style decorated boutiques and restaurants.

10. Rhoda Island

3.5 /5

3 km
from city center
10 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Situated along the amazing Nile in Central Cairo, Rhoda Island is a great mix of Al-Manyal museums and green gardens. Rhoda Island is one of the most ancient landmarks in the whole of Egypt and is a lucrative spot for tourists from over the world.

11. Sultan Hassan Mosque

3.4 /5

2 km
from city center
11 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Sultan Hassan Mosque is an excellent example of the brilliant Egyptian architecture. Completed in 1363, this ancient yet interesting monument never fails to intrigue its visitors.

12. Museum of Islamic Art

2 km
from city center
12 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Opposite to the Cairo Governorate Office, at the intersection of Port Said and Mohamed Ali streets, is the magnificent building of the Museum of Islamic Art (MIA). The place is a must visit if you are planning to travel to Cairo. The reason behind this is the overwhelming architecture of the building and divine historical artefacts housed by the Museum.

13. Coptic Museum

4 km
from city center
13 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Since a long time, Egypt, the land of Pharaohs, has been famed for its history. History, which is filled with masterpieces from different segments of life. If someone gives as much as a glance to them, they can say that those masterpieces symbolize the intellect, craftsmanship and culture of ancient Egyptian society.

14. Egyptian Museum

0 km
from city center
14 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Built in the parts of downtown Cairo, the Egyptian Museum is also known by different names such as the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities and the Museum of Cairo. The museum houses some of the rarest and unique historical artefacts of the time. These artefacts are guaranteed to take your interest by awe, giving you a sneak into the golden era of Egypt, when its cultures and heritage flourished under the rule of their kings. The artefacts in the store of the museum showcase a comprehensive scenario of the Egyptian civilisation, with collections dating back to the pre-historic time.

The completely amazing accumulation of ancient masterpieces showed in Cairo's Egyptian Museum makes it one of the world's most incredible exhibition halls. The museum attracts many tourists and educates them about the history of Egypt.

15. Tentmakers Market

2 km
from city center
15 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

In an era when industrialisation and automation are growing at a rapid pace and penetrating different segments and disciplines of the global market, Egypt is one of the few countries which has stood up to the expectations of people in reviving the historical practices and art. To prove this statement, Cairo is one such city which has survived itself as a mantelpiece of ancient Egyptian history, culture and the art of making tents.

16. Al-Azhar Park

3 km
from city center
16 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Spread across a sprawling area of 30 hectares, the Al-Azhar Park in Cairo is another place which is going to leave you spellbound with its beauty. The park is surrounded by some of the most historic and significant districts of Cairo city, and is a must visit place for tourists as well as local residents of the city.

17. Mosque of Qaitbey

4 km
from city center
17 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Situated in the northern sector of the Mamluk district, i.e. the “City of Dead”, the mosque and madrasa of Late Sultan Qaitbey is bound to take you back to the Mamluk period with the pictures queue architecture of the place. The mosque, entirely built in 1474 AD, is another proof of Islamic architecture, justifying the excellence possessed by artisans and architects of Egyptian Mamluk period.

18. Cairo Tower

1 km
from city center
18 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Standing firmly at the height of 187 metres from the ground, the Cairo Tower situated at Sharia Hadayek Al Zuhreya Gezira is considered as the second most popular tourist spot after the Great Pyramids of Giza. Whether it be the design and architecture of the place or the view of Cairo city from the top floor, you are bound to get deeply fascinated by the beauty of this place.

19. Nilometer

19 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Years before the Aswan Dam was built on river Nile in Egypt, the Egyptians constructed an innovative yet simple structure for predicting the nature of river Nile. This structure, known as the Nilometer, was used to measure the water level of the river Nile. The Nilometer helped in predicting floods and droughts by measuring the water levels of river Nile. The structure, built between the Manasterly Palace and the Um Kalthoum Museum, comprises of a long staircase going down to the river. One can clearly observe the beautifully built conical dome at the top of the Nilometer with a vertical column pillar standing in the centre, immersed in water. In addition to this, visitors can also grab a view of the coastal town of Dahab in the south of the building, feeling the cool breeze off the waters of river Nile. People may buy the tickets to the Nilometer at the entrance gate situated on Sharia Al Malek As Salih. One will then be accompanied by a Site Guard, who will take the visitors down the path to the Nilometer. The Site Guard is needed since the building is usually kept shut between the visits. Whatever be the reason, the Nilometer is a must–be on your bucket list during your visit to Cairo.

20. Pyramid of Khafre

20 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Standing with a height of around 136 meters and a base spanning over 215 meters, the Pyramid of Khafre is also popular as the Second Pyramid of Giza. Built by the 4th Dynasty Pharaoh Khafre of Egypt, the Pyramid originally had a coating of Tura limestone, making it gleam in the bright sunlight. With the passage of time, the whitish colour of the limestone got faded away, giving it the yellow-brownish colour as people can see today. Just like the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Khafre is also built on a large piece of rock. Due to the increased elevation of the base rock on which the Pyramid is built, the Pyramid of Khafre seems to be taller than the Pyramid of Khufu. The inner portions of the Pyramid comprise of small and large chambers cut out of limestone, some of which have been discovered by Archaeologists and Egyptologists over the last few centuries. Out of these chambers, only one chamber has been kept by the authorities for tourists to visit. During your visit to the Pyramid of Khafre, one should also spare time to visit the Satellite Pyramid and the Temples of Khafre built in close proximity to the Pyramid. Present day, one can only observe the remains of the outer foundation of the Satellite Pyramid. Further, the Temples of Khafre can also be visited near the Sphinx, close to the Temple of Khufu. Broadly, the Temples of Khafre include the Valley Temple, the Mortuary Temple and the Causeway. The place is a living feast for the eyes, carefully preserved by Mother Nature over the years only to give us a glimpse of the ancient Egyptian architecture and culture. The Great Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Menkaure are sure to add up to memories in your travel diaries.

21. Northern Cemetery

21 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Stretching over a length of around 6.4 Km, the Northern Cemetery of Cairo contains a large number of tombs and mausoleum structures in all of Cairo. Even though its name may sound spooky at once, the place also comprises of residential multi-storey buildings and a Post Office. In case you are visiting the cemetery on weekends, you may even spot a lot of local people and tourists in the ‘cemetery’, hence making it appear more of a town than a cemetery. One of the most fascinating facts about the Northern Cemetery is that most of the people have built their homes as part of the tomb structure of their dead near-ones. A large number of people have opened their shops next to the tomb structures. Egyptians, and more specifically Cairenes consider this as a means to stay close to their dead loved ones. Since the place covers more than half of what is called as Cairo Necropolis people also refer to the Northern Cemetery as the ‘City of the Dead’ or ‘el’arafa’, which means Cemetery. The area is even home to some of the famous funerary complexes such as the Mosque of Qaitbey, the complex of Sultan Aashraf Barsbey and the Mausoleum of Ibn Barquq. During your visit to the Northern Cemetery, one is assured to feel bizarre by seeing the lifestyle of locals, as well as the architecture of the complexes.

22. Ben Ezra Synagogue

22 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Cairo is a city full of ancient age buildings, structures and markets signifying the Arabic culture and traditions. But Cairo is not only about exhibiting the glory of Arab rulers. Amidst numerous mosques, mausoleums and museums stand the Ben Ezra Synagogue to showcase the history of Jews to the modern world. Lying outside the boundaries of Coptic Cairo, the Ben Ezra Synagogue became a place of worshipping for Jews in 882 AD. Since then, the local authorities have exercised several restorations and renovation sessions on the Synagogue to enable it to attract people from all over the globe. Situated next to the Hanging Church and the Coptic Museum, the Ben Ezra Synagogue is considered as a must-have destination to visit during the trip to Cairo. Back in 6th Century AD, the synagogue was a figure of Jewish revolution, when prophet Jeremiah gathered all the Jews after the destruction of Jerusalem Temple by Nebuchadnezzar. The mouth gaping architecture and interior of the place are also something which one cannot forget to mention in their scrapbooks for sure! If you are in Cairo, the Ben Ezra Synagogue cannot be left out, especially after knowing that it beholds such a vast and diversified history to share with you.

23. Eastern Cemetery

23 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Situated on the eastern side of the Queen’s Pyramids is the Eastern Cemetery of Giza. The Cemetery, being a burial place for most of the members of King Khufu’s family, has been a centre of attraction for the entire world. One of the reasons behind this is the large tomb structures made out of limestone challenging present-day technology. Another reason is the carvings made inside the Mastaba structures. Some of these structures even have multiple rooms inside them. On your visit to the Eastern Cemetery, one is sure to appreciate and awe at both the architecture and beauty of the place. Although the local authorities have kept some of the tombs closed for public visits since the last few years, the Tomb of Meresankh III and the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV are open for tourists. The walls and the aura of the place speak for itself and the glorious Egyptian Civilization, experiencing which one is sure to jot it down in their travel diaries.

24. Pyramid of Khufu

24 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Popular as the largest of the three Pyramids of Giza, and the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid of Giza has succeeded today in preserving the eternity of ancient Egyptian civilization. Originally having a height of 146.5 meters, the height of the Great Pyramid of Giza has reduced by around 9 meters since its completion in 2570 B.C. Due to a mark in the interior chamber of the Pyramid naming the work gang and a reference of the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, the structure is also known as Pyramid of Khufu. The Pyramid of Khufu was covered with white coloured casing limestones. These casing stones were slant faced and flat-topped. With time, most of the casing stones have got removed from their place. The large magnitude earthquake recorded in 1303 A.D. was one of the reasons behind this. Muhamad Ali Pasha further removed a lot of casing stones from the Pyramid of Giza in the early 19th Century A.D. During your visit to the Great Pyramid of Giza, some of these casing stones can even be found lying near the Pyramid structure. On your visit to the Great Pyramid of Giza, one must also visit the other two pyramids of Giza, namely the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure, along with the Sphinx and the Eastern Cemetery. The entrance to the Pyramid of Khufu is at a height of 17 meters from the ground level, and from there you can get a view of your lifetime. With modern built buildings of the town of El Giza on one side and the ancient Pyramids with the Sahara Desert on the other side, the view before your eyes will transition your thoughts from 21st Century A.D. to the year 2570 B.C. The best part of it is that you can return to the 21st Century whenever you want to.

25. Bab al Futuh

25 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Completed in the year 1087 A.D., the Bab al Futuh gate situated on the northern end of Muizz Street in Cairo is one of the iconic figures identified in the fortification of the old city of Cairo. While its elegant curved walls showcase its distinct architecture, the same walls also provided a strong defence against enemies during old times. Whether it be pouring boiling water on enemies or firing arrows on them, the shafts made in the Bab al Futuh made it earn its name as “Conquest Gate” over the course of Egyptian history.

26. Pyramid of Menkaure

26 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Built by Pharaoh Menkaure, the Pyramid of Menkaure is more popular as the third pyramid of Giza. The Pyramid of Menkaure is also the smallest of all the three Pyramids of Giza and stands at a height of only 61 meters. When you visit the Pyramid of Menkaure, you can clearly observe the architectural beauty of the Pyramid, and the torments it underwent from rulers belonging to the ancient world, who attempted to demolish this magnificent marvel of the world. Since the origin of Egyptian civilization, Egyptians have continued to fascinate us with their intellectual levels and the ability to develop bizarre monuments, buildings and tombs. One of such bizarre structure is the Pyramid of Menkaure. Together with its Satellite pyramids, the Pyramid of Menkaure can surely be observed as a combination of Science, Architecture, Egyptian culture and mythology. Further, to make your visit to the Pyramid of Menkaure remind you of fun and adventure as well, you may find many locals willing to serve you paid activities such as Camel rides, Horse rides etc. across the three Pyramids of Giza with the Sphinx photo-bombing your snaps!

27. Sphinx

27 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

With the body of a lion and the face of a human, the Sphinx of Giza plateau stands at a height of around 20 meters on the west bank of river Nile. The Sphinx has been recognized as a mythical creature in Greek mythology as well, where the Sphinx was a merciless killer who set riddles and killed anyone who was not able to answer them. Cut out from its limestone bedrock, the Sphinx is also recognized as the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt. It is the same bedrock which served as the quarry for the Pyramids of Giza. On your visit to the Sphinx, one may observe that the nummulitic limestone of the region comprises different layers offering different levels of resistance to erosion. Historians credit this characteristic of the limestone for the uneven degradation of the structure over time. It is quite fascinating to witness the manner in which the Sphinx has been carved out of the bedrock, especially when there was no such technology present to do so. With the Pyramids of Giza in the background, your visit to the Sphinx is going to get you some of the most memorable pictures of your trip to Cairo. And who would not want the sunset of Sahara to peek into the pictures!

28. Ramses Wissa Wassef Art Centre

3 km
from city center
28 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Founded in the year 1951 AD by Ramses Wissa Wassef, the Wissa Wassef Art Centre is known for its Art Museum and Tapestry Works. Situated in the Harrania district in the Greater Cairo region, this art centre has been a hotspot of art and architecture for a long time. Established with a vision to teach Egyptian children arts and tapestries, it has today become an iconic place where every artist desires to exhibit their works.

29. Gayer Anderson Museum

10,328 km
from city center
29 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

Situated adjacent to the Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun in the Sayyida Zeinab neighbourhood lies the famous Gayer – Anderson Art Museum. Initially serving as the residence to British Major R.G. Gayer – Anderson Pasha, the place is now more popular due to the 17th Century AD artworks and artefacts belonging to the museum.

30. Hanging Church

9,889 km
from city center
30 out of 30
places to visit in Cairo

The Hanging Church of Cairo is a stone facade inscribed with Coptic and Arabic marks. Also known as the Church of Saint Virgin Mary, the Hanging Church of Cairo is one of the most popular and oldest churches present in the world today. Dating back to 3rd Century AD, the Hanging Church of Coptic Cairo comprises of 110 Holy Icons.

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