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Ideal duration: 1-2 days

Best Time: October - April Read More

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"Ancient Wonder and Pyramids' Majesty"

Giza Tourism

Giza, Egypt is a traveler's paradise. Located on the west bank of the Nile, it is home to some of the world's most iconic monuments, including the Great Pyramid of Giza. Highlights of Giza include the Great Sphinx of Giza, the Valley Temple, and the Solar Boat Museum. Visitors can take a camel ride around the pyramids and explore the ruins of the ancient city of Memphis. Its proximity to Cairo, merely 20 kilometers southwest, makes it an easily accessible day trip.

Giza's fame lies predominantly in its awe-inspiring pyramids, particularly the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is the largest and oldest of the pyramids in Giza. It is estimated to have been built between 2550 and 2490 BC as a tomb for the Pharaoh Khufu.

Accompanying the Great Pyramid are the equally impressive pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure, as well as the enigmatic Sphinx, with the body of a lion and the face of a pharaoh, guarding the necropolis. Together, these structures form the Giza Necropolis, an unparalleled archaeological complex that offers a glimpse into the ancient Egyptian civilization's greatness.

Beyond the pyramids, Giza boasts a wealth of historical and cultural attractions. Visitors can visit the Grand Egyptian Museum to see a 4,600-year-old ship that was owned by the pharaoh Khufu. Nearby Saqqara complex can also be visited to witness the world's oldest pyramid, the Step Pyramid of Djoser.

Must Know Before You Travel to Giza

  • Airport to Giza: To travel to Giza from Cairo Airport, first take an hourly bus on line 111 to Cairo Fair and then switch to metro line 3 to Ataba. From Ataba, take metro line 2 to Giza.
  • Where to Stay:  To spend the night in Giza, Al Haram or Al-'Umraniyah are the two best neighborhoods to stay. They offer easy access to public transport, museums, cafes, and restaurants.
  • Light and Sound Show at Pyramids: If staying in Giza, the light and sound show at the Giza pyramid site is worth the viewing. Book in advance, as the seats are limited. You can book online at ""
  • Inside Visit of Pyramids: Additional tickets are charged in order to visit inside the pyramid. There are limited spots, so either visit early or book an organized tour that includes an inside visit.
  • Heat: As the pyramid site lacks shade, the heat feels intense here. Dress modestly to save yourself from the sun and carry enough water.

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Shopping in Giza

Giza is not a popular destination for shopping. However, souvenirs can be bought from shops that line popular attractions like Giza pyramids, GEM or Saqqara. Bargaining at these sites is a must as the vendors overcharge their items. There is also a mall called, First mall in Giza from where shopping can done.

Nightlife in Giza

Nightlife in Giza is not that popular. There are some nightclubs and bars that operate in the city. One of the popular nightlife spots is Mohandiseen, known for its array of cafes, restaurants, and bars catering to diverse tastes. Another area worth exploring is Agouza, where you can find lively bars, clubs, and lounges, especially along the Nile Corniche.

History of Giza

Giza, Egypt, holds an illustrious history that spans thousands of years, primarily renowned for its iconic pyramids and the Sphinx. Dating back to the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt, Giza served as the royal necropolis for the Pharaohs of the Fourth Dynasty. The construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, attributed to Pharaoh Khufu, alongside the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure, stands as a testament to the architectural and engineering prowess of ancient Egyptians. These colossal structures have captivated the world for centuries, serving as enduring symbols of Egypt's ancient civilization. Beyond the pyramids, Giza was also a vibrant urban center, with temples, tombs, and settlements supporting the royal complex. Today, Giza continues to be a significant archaeological site and a focal point for tourists and scholars alike, offering insights into the rich and storied past of ancient Egypt.

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How to Reach Giza

How to Reach Overview

The nearest airport to Giza is Cairo International Airport. There is no direct international connectivity to Giza. However, it can be reached by connecting cities using buses, trains, and cars.

How to reach Giza by flight

The most common way to reach Giza from international destinations is by flying into Cairo International Airport (CAI). Cairo is the capital city near Giza, and the airport is a major hub for international flights. From Cairo Airport, travelers can take a taxi, private transfer, or airport shuttle to reach Giza, which is approximately a 30-minute drive away. By public transport, Giza can be reached in 45 minutes(First, take bus number 111 from the airport to Cairo International Fair. Switch to metro line 3 at Cairo Fair to Ataba. Transfer to metro line 2 to reach Giza.).

How to reach Giza by road

Travelers can reach Giza by road from neighboring cities and countries within North Africa and the Middle East. Egypt has well-maintained highways and roads connecting major cities, including Cairo and Giza. Visitors can drive or take a bus from nearby cities like Alexandria, Luxor, or Aswan to reach Giza. There are several checkposts on the highways between main cities to ensure safety of the travellers.

How to reach Giza by bus

Several buses operate from Cairo railway station to Giza. The journey takes about 1 hour.

Local transport in Giza

The best way to get around Giza is by public buses and microbuses. Public buses are fast but microbuses usually wait to fill their seats up before they leave for the destination. These buses and microbuses can stop anywhere on demand to pick up or drop off passengers and are inexpensive. The city center is compact enough to be covered on foot. Taxis can be hailed on the streets or booked through ride-hailing apps like Uber and Careem. 

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