Ideal duration: 1 day
Best Time: March-May and September - November Read More
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Petra is an archaeological city in southern Jordan, located amidst rugged canyons and mountains. Constructed in pre-historic times, Petra's distinctiveness lies in being half built and half carved into red, white, pink and sandstone cliffs. The red colour of the stone has led to Petra being referred to as the Rose City. Petra is also recognized as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World and is the most popular tourist destination in Jordan. It is a significant historical and cultural site and has even been named a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
A city like no other, whose praises are mentioned throughout history, Petra is among the most visually stunning archaeological sites in the world. Believed to have been established as early as 312 BC, Petra later came under Roman rule. Masters of technology, the Nabataeans constructed a fully functional water system for the city. Famous for being half-carved into the mountain, Petra makes for a truly unique sight. The city contains marvels such as the narrow yet long Siq, the Treasury, the Temple of Winged Lions, the Great Temple and even a dam. It is a city for enthusiasts of history and marvellous architecture. Petra is also famous as the city where the popular Hollywood movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was shot in 1989.
The approach to Petra is through the Siq, which is narrow in some places. Just before the end of the Siq, there is a split in the rock, which provides an unforgettable view of the Monastery. Petra lies in a line from Wadi Musa town, and the visitors follow the trail into Siq, Treasury, Royal Tombs and Roman Ruins. Those with time or staying for another day continue to the Monastery. A must-have experience here is Petra by Night, where three nights a week, the area around the Siq and the Treasury is lit by 1500 candles and looks magical.
Entry to Petra is only allowed to visitors with valid tickets. The tickets vary for one-day visitors to Jordan (those who visit Jordan from some other country and don't stay overnight) or multi-day visitors. These tickets are available at the Visitor Centre and can be purchased online before arrival. Licensed tour guides can also be booked from the Visitor Center for JD 50 to JD 100. The best time to visit Petra is early morning or late afternoon, so start early.
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