Rivers in Thailand

Rivers in Thailand play a significant role in shaping the habitat and livelihood of the people in Thailand. Not only do they provide people with their staple food of rice and fish, but also with electricity and water for daily purposes. The massive rivers with their abundance of water is the reason for such rich, dense and diverse flora and fauna in the country. These rivers make a perfect environment for a healthy ecosystem between nature and the living organisms. They’re also home to a large variety of aquatic animals in Thailand.

The Rivers of Thailand have also shaped Thailand’s history and economy. Several cities have flourished beside these rivers, like the capital Bangkok itself, serving as a perfect spot for tourism and trading, and hence improving the economy.

People in Thailand worship water and several festivals are also celebrated with water. One such festival is Songkran, Thai new year, is also world’s largest water festival celebrated for 3 days during the hottest time of the year. Another festival is Loi Krathong, where the people thank the water gods for showering them with abundant water by offering flowers to these rivers. These rivers have been a part of Thai culture since the starting of civilization. River water is considered holy and sprinkled across the statues of Buddha and other deities. 

The rivers also served as the most popular medium of transport before the coming of vehicles, as people used their boats to travel from one place to another. Thailand was called as ‘Venice of the East’ as several shops, theatres and restaurants could be accessed only by a boat ride on the canals. Floating markets are a very popular destination for tourists who can buy souvenirs and interact with the locals. 

There are large power-plants and other industries that serve electricity as well as other basic needs and demands to the ever growing population of Thailand. 

Here are some important rivers of Thailand:

1. Chao Phraya

Chao Phraya
Source


Chao Phraya is one of the major rivers of Thailand that goes south to the Gulf of Thailand, along with many tributaries and canals that originate from this river. Chao Phraya, when translated gives ‘River of Kings’, oweing to its length of 372 kilommeters and the purpose it serves. It flows through a major part of country and forms a low alluvial plain in the central region, giving rise to the rich agriculture of the country. It originates at the meeting of Ping and Nan river at Nakhon Sawan. Because of its abundant fish and fertile quality, several establishments and cities made their way along the river banks of this river and its tributaries. Some of them are Bangkok - Capital of Thailand, Chai Nat, Sing Buri, Nonthaburi and Samut Prakhan. 

King Rama 1 named it as the lifeblood of Bangkok, as around 50,000 people use it to ferry to their destination everyday and for trading of teak and rice. Tall buildings, temples and markets that lie along its banks makes this river so reminscent. Various floating markets are also situated here, hence making it bustling with tourists and workers. One can take a cruise along this river, and enjoy the view it provides of the ever-growing city of Bangkok.

Some of its tributaries are Pa Sak River, Sakae Krang River and Tha Chin River, which have further tributaries hence expanding the basin of the river. The swamp forests around are home to a large number of animals like Tigers, Elephants, Rhinoceros,  deers and cranes along with several migratory birds and 280 species of fishes. 

2. Mae Klong River


Mae Klong

Source
Also spelled as meklong river, Mae Klong river covers the western region of the country. It originates at Kanchanaburi at the confluence of two rivers - Khwae Noi and Khwae Yai, flows south and drains into the Gulf of Thailand in Samut Songkhram Province. This 145 km long river is the country’s premier stingray fishing spot for adventure and wildlife enthusiasts. There are hundreds of waterways, canals and tributaries that make their way to different cities from this river. It is 90 minutes away from the capital city of Bangkok, and famous for its floating markets that are attracted by a lot of tourists. 

3. Mekong River


Mekong River

Source

Mekong is a river in south-east Asia that is 7th longest in Asia and 12th longest in the world, with a total length of 4350 km. Known as Mai Nam Khing in Thailand and flowing in the north-east part of the country, it contributes a major share of fish stock in Thailand. It’s influence on Thai culture isn’t much prominent, but since it provides thousands of people their source of living it is one of the important rivers of Thailand. Some of the tributaries that originate from this river are Mun, Ing, Ruak and Kok river.


Thailand has over 25 river basins, with rainwater being the main source of water. Since it is a tropical country, it is blessed with abundant rainfall which gives a good volume to the rivers. However in the recent years with the ever growing population and modernisation, river pollution has been increased to such a level that many are forced to drink contaminated water. Agriculture, Industrial waste and household waste are the main reasons. 

The government of Thailand is trying its level best to remove river pollution as much as possible. However it is the duty of tourists also not to throw garbage and waste into the rivers as these rivers are source of livelihood for millions of people.

This post was published by Shreya Prasad

Share this post on social media
Google +

Thailand Packages

Compare quotes from upto 3 travel agents for free

Related Articles

Fairs & Festivals

Thailand in January - Weather, Events and Festivals

Shopping

What to Buy in Thailand - 18 Souvenirs To Get On Your Next Trip

Fairs & Festivals

12 Festivals in Thailand That You Must Experience!

Adventure

Surfing In Thailand - An Upcoming Surfing Paradise

Art & Culture

10 Traditional Dresses of Thailand That Portray Thai Fashion Culture

Food & Drink

Mangoes in Thailand - Your Guide To The Famous Thai Ma-Muang!

Travel Tips

Safety in Thailand - Safety Tips When Travelling in Thailand

Food & Drink

Coffee in Thailand - 10 Places in Thailand for the Perfect Blend

Art & Culture

4 Dances in Thailand - Traditional Thai Dance Forms and Their Origin

Adventure

8 Best Spots for Rock Climbing in Thailand - Indulge in this Exhilarating Sport

Art & Culture

Culture of Thailand - A Unique Cultural Blend Of many Asian Countries

Experiences

18 Landscapes of Thailand | Most Beautiful Places in Thailand

Adventure

National Parks in Thailand

Experiences

8 Best Golf Courses in Thailand For Perfect 'Tee' Time

Travel Tips

Smoking in Thailand - The Essential Smoker's Guide

Experiences

Water Parks in Thailand

Transport

Transportation in Thailand - A Quick Guide On Thailand's 9 Transport Modes

14 Best Beaches in Thailand For Sun-kissed Vacation

Shopping

Shopping in Thailand - Things to Buy, Street Shopping & Malls in Thailand!

Art & Culture

History of Thailand: Journey From The First Invasions to Democracy

Adventure

Theme Parks in Thailand

7 Spots To Experience Scuba Diving In Thailand

Road Trips

Everything You Need to Know about Renting a Car in Thailand

Adventure

7 Best Places for Kitesurfing in Thailand - The Complete Guide

Wildlife & Nature

Ethical Elephant Sanctuaries In Thailand

Wildlife & Nature

Whale Sharks in Thailand - Best Diving Spots To See Whale Sharks

Travel Tips

Online Visa For Thailand - Necessary Details For a Hassle-Free Thai Trip

Experiences

Music Festivals in Thailand for an Experience of a Lifetime

Art & Culture

10 Temples in Thailand You Have to Visit

Wildlife & Nature

Wildlife in Thailand - A Guide Through the Thai Native Species and National Parks

Beaches & Islands

34 Islands In Thailand - Experience The Best The Country Has To Offer

Art & Culture

Ruins of Thailand: Stories of Ancient Glory

Shopping

Night Markets in Thailand

Family Holidays

Places to Visit in Thailand with Family

Adventure

White Water Rafting in Thailand: 6 Top Places Across the Country

Adventure

You Can Hit the Road to Thailand From India Now

Travel Tips

20 Interesting Facts About Thailand You Must Know Before You Visit

Beaches & Islands

Best Beaches in Thailand For A Perfect Sun-kissed Vacation

Adventure

Best Spots To Experience Scuba Diving In Thailand

Experiences

Thailand in December - Weather, Best Places, Events & Festivals

Fairs & Festivals

Music Festivals in Thailand - Exciting Bucket List Strike Offs

Sightseeing

Caves in Thailand

Experiences

Elephant Rides in Thailand – The Regal Elephant Experience

Food & Drink

Best Beer In Thailand That Are Perfect To Sip While Chilling By The Beach!

Fairs & Festivals

Bun Bang Fai Rocket Fest in Thailand 2019

Sightseeing

Lakes in Thailand - An Offbeat Reason to Visit Land of Smiles

Adventure

Beautiful Places in Thailand

10 National Parks In Thailand - A Look Into The Wild

Adventure

Snorkelling in Thailand: 5 Best Islands for an Underwater Adventure!

Adventure

Visa Free Stays For Indians In Thailand Soon!

Shopping

Malls in Thailand

Top Places

Cities in Thailand

Adventure

Skydiving in Thailand: 3 Best Operators in Thailand to Conquer Heights

Adventure

Cycling in Thailand - The Inclusive Go To Guide

Travel Tips

Currency of Thailand: A Guide to the Baht

Romantic & Honeymoon

Thailand Honeymoon Destinations

Thailand – A Traveler’s “Not� To Do List

Travel Tips

Thailand in October - Weather, Best Places, Events & Festivals

Sightseeing

Waterfalls in Thailand

Historical & Heritage

11 World Heritage Sites in Thailand

Art & Culture

15 Examples of the Architecture of Thailand - Landmarking Thai Brilliance

Food & Drink

Street Food in Thailand - 17 Iconic Dishes You MUST Try in Thailand

Experiences

6 Health Retreats In Thailand For A Truly Relaxing Holiday

Travel Tips

22 Travel Tips to Thailand To Follow For A Hassle-Free Holiday

Transport

10 Airports in Thailand to 'Take Off' Your Thai Adventure At

Travel Tips

Smoking in Thailand: All About Thailand's Strict Laws & the Penalty

Backpacking

Feel the Thrill at These Top 10 Hiking Trails in Thailand

Family Holidays

Indians Get Free Visa-on-arrival to Thailand till April 2020! All You Need to Know

Art & Culture

Religion in Thailand - List of Religions Practiced in Thailand

Experiences

Casinos in Thailand - Legalities, Gambling Laws & Online Casinos

Art & Culture

10 Best Museums in Thailand To Get a Taste of the Famous Thai Culture

Travel Tips

Languages of Thailand : A Glimpse Into Thai Dialects, Phrases and Meanings

Art & Culture

Music of Thailand - A Guide to Local Thai Music & Music Festivals

The Historic City of Ayutthaya: All You Need to Know About Thailand's Former Capital

Food & Drink

Halal Food in Thailand: 12 Must Try Dishes to Explore a New Side of Thai Cuisine

Adventure

How to Make A Thailand Trip Under 30K

Wildlife & Nature

National Parks In Thailand - Take A Peak Into Thailand's Wildlife

Adventure

Camping in Thailand - 11 Beautiful Camping Spots For Adventurers

Fairs & Festivals

Wonderfruit 2019 - Dates, Tickets, Timings, Things to Do, Experiences

Wildlife & Nature

Zoos in Thailand

Food & Drink

Food of Thailand - 14 Thai Dishes to Get You Drooling

Adventure

Bungee Jumping in Thailand - Best Places To Try Out the 'Leap of Faith'

Sightseeing

Palaces in Thailand

Nightlife

Nightlife in Thailand - Must Visit Places after Sundown

Backpacking

These Activities in Thailand Will Get Your Adrenaline Jumping Faster Than You Can Say Wow

Food & Drink

Street Food of Thailand: All You Need to Know to Find the Right Delicacy in this Southeast Asian Country

Fairs & Festivals

Chinese New Year in Thailand 2020 - All You Need to Know

Fairs & Festivals

Songkran Festival - Thailand's New Year Water Festival

Travel Tips

Burning Season In Chiang Mai - Everything You Need To Know

Adventure

Top 10 Stunning Countries for Your First International Trip

Art & Culture

Languages in Bangkok

Transport

Airport in Phuket- All You Need To Know About Phuket International Airport

Art & Culture

Muay Thai Kickboxing - Thailand's Martial Art of Eight Limbs

Fairs & Festivals

Loi Krathong - Thailand's Festival Of Lights

This Vacation, Shop Till You Drop At Bangkok's Chatuchak Market

Experiences

Live Music in Jakarta - 13 Places That Ever Music Lover Must Visit

Beaches & Islands

Beaches In Phuket: Beautiful Beaches For The Perfect Vacation

Food & Drink

9 Must-Try Dishes of Northern Thailand

Fairs & Festivals

Visakha Bucha Day - Witness Thailand's Festival Of Lights!

Comments on this post