There are numerous historical places in Kolkata for every kind of history buff. The history of Kolkata is intimately related to its invention during the British rule dating back 300 years ago. Earlier known as Calcutta, it originated as a capital of British India in 1960 when East India Company dominated the country. Struggling to develop during Britain’s power war, most of its essential developments took place in the 17th and 18th century. Later in the 19th century, Kolkata became one of the central points of India’s freedom struggle and after the capital shifted to New Delhi in 1911, it became a bustling port and the new cultural capital of India.
Here is the list of 9 Historical Places in Kolkata To Witness Glorious Heritage
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building, which is considered to be the pride of Kolkata. Built between 1906 and 1921, it is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria. Presently it is a museum and a popular historical place in Kolkata under the Ministry of Culture.
The ninth oldest museum of the world and largest in India, the Indian Museum is located in the city of joy - Kolkata. The foundation stone of the Indian Museum was laid down in the year 1814 and has been a centre of multidisciplinary activities ever since. Popularly known as 'Jadughar', it has the finest collection of contemporary paintings, sacred relics of Buddha, Egyptian mummies and ancient sculptures. It is an absolute must to visit this historical place in Kolkata.
Fort William is situated in Kolkata on Hooghly River, on its eastern bank. The fort got its name from King William III. It was set up in the year 1696 by British East India Company. It is spread over a distance of 70.9 acres. This huge construction took nearly ten years to complete and had two floors. It comprised of wings and an inner Bastille where prisoners were hauled which is why it was known as 'the black hole of Calcutta'.
St. Paulâ's Cathedral has been set up in Kolkata, West Bengal. Its foundation was laid in 1839, and it was completely constructed in the year 1847. It has been recognized as the largest cathedral in Kolkata. The cathedral is wonderfully decorated during Christmas and New Year's Eve and huge masses of people swing by the place to enjoy its overwhelming beauty. It is the first church of its kind to be built in the British Empire making it a landmark historical place in Kolkata. It is said that this cathedral was built three times before the one which stands today came out.
This is the place where the Tomb of Mother Teresa is present. It is maintained by her missionaries and followers who have continued to promote her legacy.