The Red Fort was the official seat of Mughal rule and authority from 1648 onwards, when the 5th Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, decided to move the capital of the empire from Agra to Delhi. Constructed using red sandstone, it remains one of the architectural marvels of the Mughal era. In 2007, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today, this monument is home to a number of museums that have an assortment of precious artifacts on display. Every year, the Indian Prime Minister unfurls the national flag here on the Independence Day.
Open Time: 7:00 AM - 5:30 PM, Except on Mondays
Time Required: 2-3 hours
Cost: Indian Citizens, citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC nations: INR 10, Other foreigners: INR 250, No fees for children below the age of 15
Apart from being known for its stunning architecture, this is the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site declared in 1993 and has undergone widespread restoration work since then. The tomb was built by Humayun's son Akbar during 1569-70 and is also the first structure to have made the use of red sandstone at a massive scale.
Open Time: 10:00 AM - 06:00 PM
Cost: Indians - INR 10, Foreigners - INR 250. Video filming - INR 25, Photography - Free
Qutub Minar is the tallest individual tower in the world and the second tallest monument of Delhi. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is located in Mehrauli and its construction was started in 1192 by Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak, founder of Delhi Sultanate. Later, the tower was built by various rulers over the centuries. The sight of this glorious monument takes you back to the rich history of India.
Open Time: 10:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Cost: Indians: INR 10, Foreign tourists: INR 250
Time Required: 2 to 3 hours
India Gate is a war memorial located in New Delhi. It is dedicated to the 82,000 soldiers, both Indian and British, who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is the burning structure, right underneath the archway, which symbolizes the eternal, immortal soldiers of India.
Well known in medieval times, the Hauz Khas village has amazing buildings built around the reservoir. There are remnants of Islamic architecture roughly colored by splotches of urban culture. The existing status of the village also retains not only the old charm of the place but has enhanced its aesthetic appeal through the well maintained green parks all around with walkways.
Located in New Delhi, the Jantar Mantar was one of the five sites built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. The site consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments. The main purpose of the observatory was to compile the astronomical tables and to predict the movement and timings of the sun, moon and planets.
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Built in 1754, during the reign of Mughal Emperor- Ahmad Shah Bahadur, the namesake tomb is dedicated to the Prime Minister of the court- Safdarjung. Located in the heart of the city, at the junction of Safdarjung Road and Aurobindo Marg, the monument is a low-key tourist attraction of the city.
Mughal emperor Shah Jahan got the Jama Masjid built between 1644 and 1656 on a massive budget. The mosque still has three huge entry gates standing since 1656, when it was completed. The structure is made up of red sandstone and white marble. With a capacity of 25,000 people at one time, the courtyard was built with a great vision. The floor has 899 black markings for worshippers.
Lodhi Garden is a city park located in Delhi. It has great architectural works of 15 century. The construction of the great work took place under the Lodhi reign. It has Mohammed Shah's Tomb, Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Shisha Gumbad and Bara Gumbad. The place is an epitome of magnificent architecture and has echoes of 15th-century history.
Among the many historical monuments present within the Qutub Minar complex, Alai Minar stands apart as it has been left incomplete. The construction was started by the Ilbari ruler Alauddin Khilji as a project to build a minar higher than the Qutub Minar.
A protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India, Agrasen ki Baoli is a 60 meter long and 15-meter wide historical step well on Halley Road, New Delhi. Baoli, also referred to as Baori, is a hindi term for step well.
Tughlaqabad Fort is one of the finest specimens of pure Islamic architecture and has the touch of Sultanate sturdiness about its fortifications. The entire premise takes around an hour or two to look around and offer great opportunities for history enthusiasts and shutterbugs.
Located adjacent to Humayun's Tomb in the same complex in Nizamuddin area of Delhi, Isa Khan Tomb is the final resting place of Isa Khan- a courtesan for Sher Shah Suri and his son Islam Shah Suri. Built during the lifetime of the namesake Pashtun noble, the construction of the monument resembles the architectural patterns in the building of the Sur reign.
Commonly known as Lotus temple, it is a Baha'i House of Worship. The Lotus Temple is open to all, regardless of religion, or any other distinction. It is situated near mandir marg in Kalkaji, New Delhi
Siri Fort is among the many renowned monuments of heritage and culture, situated in New Delhi. Located between Hauz Khas on the east and Mehrauli in the north, the construction of the fort is believed to have begun in 1303, during the reign of Alauddin Khilji.
Stoically standing in the placid vicinity of Indraprastha, Purana Qila or the Old Fort is a masterpiece of the ancient glory and sterling architecture of the bygone Mughal Empire, and is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. Built on the banks of river Yamuna and spread over a vast 1.5 kms of area, the monument has tons of myths and legends of the medieval era attached to it.
Beside the Qutub Minar, Mehrauli Archaeological Park is spread over an area of 200 acres. It consists of oldest of the works of art and architecture. The small monuments built here belong to Khalji dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Lodhi dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, and the British Raj. It is renowned for 1000 years of continuous occupation. It consists of over 100 historical monuments.
Iron Pillar is one of the many mysterious monuments of wonder present in Delhi- the capital of India. Located within the Qutub Minar complex in Mehrauli area of New Delhi, the Iron Pillar has been posing as one of the foremost metallurgical curiosities of the world due to its prowess to not exhibit a speck of rust despite being thousands of years old.
This is the holy shrine of Muslim Sufi Saint Nizamuddin Chisti. The tombs of many other people from the Mughal era are present in the same area, which surround a tank. The graves of Jahan Ara Begum and Inayat Khan are also present here.
Rashtrapati Bhawan is a famous monument of the British Empire which was said to be the palace of the Viceroy of India and is now the home of the President of India. It is considered to be the best-known monument in India next to Taj Mahal and Qutub Minar.
Located within the Qutub Minar complex at Mehrauli in Delhi, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque (translating to "Might of Islam") was built by the Mamluk ruler Qutub-ud-din Aibak. Yet another feather in the cap of Delhi, the monument is the first mosque to be built in the city after the Islamic conquest of India and is known as a celebration of the Muslim Rule.
Situated at the western end of Chandni Chowk in Delhi, Fatehpuri Masjid is a 17th century mosque named after the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan's wife- Fatehpuri Begum. Built in 1650, the mosque is constructed entirely of red stone and boasts of a fluted dome and towering minarets.
Rajghat is a place where Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation was cremated followed by his assassination in the year 1948. Visitors from all around the world come here to pay their homage.
Rajpath means The Royal Road which is surrounded by beautiful gardens. It was constructed by Sir Edwin Lutyens who also behind the construction of India Gate. Extending from Rashtrapati Bhawan at Raisina Hill through Vijay Chowk and India Gate to National Stadium, it conducts the annual Republic Day Parade. It has North and South blocks on its either sides.
Once served as the home of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru for 16 years, today, the Teen Murti Bhavan houses various institutions like the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library and the office of Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund. One of the four Nehru Planetariums is also located within the grounds of the house.
Among some of the other historical places in Delhi are Ladhao Sarai, Jahanpanah, Kotla, Shergarh, Shahjahanabad, Badarpur Jail, Wazirabad, Inderpat Estate, Khirki Village, Kharera Village, Delhi Ridge, Babarpur and Chhota Qutub Minar. These heritage monuments have a lot of stories to tell, however, these are generally not in great condition anymore and hence are not as touristy.
This post was published by Surbhi Parashar