21 Facts About Mumbai That Will Surely Astound You

The city of dreams, where people land up, with big ambitions of their own - that's what Mumbai is all about. While we may know of its industrial looks, with serene seaside beaches, here are some other facts about Mumbai!

1. Most Populous City in India

The most populous city
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It's not surprising that Mumbai is known to be the most populous city in India, given its population is over 22 million!

2. The Story of the City's Names

Bay area in Mumbai
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Mumbai was initially called Bombay. The name came from a Portuguese writer who called the place "Bom Baim" that meant "good little bay". The name Mumbai was derived from the local deity 'Mumba Devi'.

3. Alpha World City

Mumbai - an Alpha World City
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Mumbai is not just a well-connected city when we talk about our country; it is also globally connected in terms of the world. Mumbai is a Global city or an Alpha World city that acts as a primary connection for the global economic network.

4. The Wealthiest City in the Country

Antilia
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Mumbai could be known for the stark contrast between the rich and the poor. While there are several slums and 'chawls', the city also houses the highest number of billionaires and millionaires in the country, making it the wealthiest city.

5. UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Chhatrapati Sivaji Terminus
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Mumbai houses three of the most popular world heritage sites - the Elephanta Caves on the Elephanta Island, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus or the Victoria Terminus, and the different Victorian and Art deco buildings.

6. Seven islands

Seven islands
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Mumbai is known to exist as a collective of seven islands.

7. Financial, Commercial, and Entertainment capital of India

Bombay Stock Exchange
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Mumbai may be called the City of Dreams, but it is also the Financial capital of India because of the stock market centres. It is the Commercial capital of India because of its vast global reach, and it is the Entertainment capital of India because of Bollywood - the Hindi cinema industry.

8. Home to primary scientific and nuclear institutes

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
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Mumbai houses some of the most esteemed scientific and research institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Department of Atomic Energy, and so on.

9. Top Ten Commercial Centres

Mumbai has many commercial centres making it the Finance capital
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As it is the Financial capital of India, Mumbai houses ten of the most important financial centres like Reserve Bank of India, Bombay Stock Exchange, National Stock Exchange of India, and so on.

10. Bollywood and Marathi Cinema

Bollywood film shoot
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Being the Entertainment capital of the country, Mumbai has the Hindi and Marathi cinema industries, with proliferating film and production houses.

11. Etymology

The Mumba Devi temple
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As mentioned earlier, Mumbai got its name from the local patron deity, 'Mumba Devi'. Here, the name came from the two words 'Mumba' the goddess, and 'aai' meaning 'mother'.

12. India's first ever train

Local train
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A well-known fact about Mumbai and railways is that the first ever train in the country operated from Mumbai Central to Thane.

13. First to start bus service in India

BEST Double decker bus
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Mumbai is known for its vast and fast transport services. The bus service was first introduced in this city. Since then, BEST buses have been carrying over 5 million passengers per day.

14. Antilia - World's most expensive house

Antilia
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Since Mumbai houses the wealthiest people in the country, it's not surprising that it also has the world's most expensive house - Antilia. This house belongs to the entrepreneur Mukesh Ambani, founder of the Reliance Group.

15. The Sea Link

Bandra Worli sea link
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While the Bandra Worli sea link in Mumbai is known for its aesthetic appeal, it is also constructed using materials to withstand the mighty sea. Now that's one STRONG link!

16. Women empowerment at its best!

Alice Tredwell
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Mumbai is known for its fast local trains as modes of transport. But what we may not know is that the railway line connecting Mumbai to Pune was built in 1863 by Alice Tredwell, a woman!

17. The first airport in the country

The Juhu Aerodrome
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The Juhu Aerodrome in Mumbai, founded in 1928, was the first airport in India. Currently, the city's international airport, 'Chhatrapati Shivaji 5International Airport', is known to be the third best international airport in India.

18. Rudyard Kipling was born here.

Rudyard Kipling
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We know him as the iconic writer who brought us the character of Mowgli. Rudyard Kipling, popularly known as the writer of 'The Jungle Book', was born in the city of Mumbai.

19. Concept of Dabbawalas

Dabbawalas in Mumbai
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Their management system is so unique and perfect that now Management students study them and their order in their texts. The Dabbawalas are the hardworking tiffin service network in this city, delivering tiffins on time to every person in Mumbai.

20. Imagica - the largest theme park in India

Imagica
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While Disneyland maybe a faraway destination, fear not! India now has its vast theme park - Imagica! It is located on the Mumbai - Pune express highway, and is a must visit!

21. World's largest slum - Dharavi

Dharavi
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While Mumbai may be the wealthiest city in the country, it also houses the world's largest slum - Dharavi. Slums are temporary settlements with makeshift houses for the poor, homeless to live.

The fact that the city of Mumbai brings opposites together is what makes it beautiful. Rich and poor, nature and human-made, mountains and the sea, and so on. Make sure you take the time to visit this lovely city!

This post was published by Radha Iyer

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