Union Territories of India


Union Territories in India

India has a total of 8 Union Territories and 28 states. The 8 Union territories in India include Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep. Union Territory is a special administrative sector in the Republic of India. Unlike the states of India which have their own state governments, they do not have a government of their own and are controlled by central government (union government). Out of the nine union territories of India, Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and J & K have their own legislatures. Each union territory has a capital of its own or the main area of administration.

Here is the list of 8 Union Territories of India

1. Ladakh (Bifurcated on October 31, 2019)

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Known For : Pangong Lake Magnetic Hill Zanskar Valley

A land like no other with a superabundance of attractions to visit and fabulous landscapes, amazing people and culture, Ladakh is truly a heaven on Earth. Following a long pending demand to make Ladakh a union territory, it was finally bifurcated on 31 October 2019. The Union Territory of Ladakh is without Legislature. It comprise of two districts - Leh and Kargil. 
Area - 59,146 km²
Population - 2.74 lakhs
Capital - Leh
Region - North India
UT Established - 31 October 2019

Best Time: Jun to Sep

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2. Jammu & Kashmir (Bifurcated on October 31, 2019)

On 5 August 2019, the Government dissolved Article 370 of the Constitution of India, bifurcated the state into two union territories and notified that J&K shall now be one of the new Union Territories in India with its own legislature, similar to how Puducherry and Delhi are administered. In the case of J&K Union Territory, it will be a self-administered government with a legislative government.
Area - 222,236 km²
Population - 1.25 crores
Capital - Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer)
Region - North India
UT Established - 31 October 2019

3. National Capital Territory of Delhi (Capital Delhi)

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Known For : Humayun's Tomb Hauz Khas Village Qutub Minar

Delhi or the National Capital Territory of Delhi is a city and a union territory in India which consists of the national capital, New Delhi. Much like the states of India, Delhi is administered by its own legislature, high court and council of ministers. From historical monuments to crowded shopping malls, from Mughal gardens to Delhi University campus, the capital city has multiple personalities making it 'The good, the bad and the ugly'.
Area - 1,483 km²
Population - 1,67,53,235
Region - North India
UT Established - 1 November 1956

Best Time: October to March

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4. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

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Known For : Devka Beach Mirasol Lake Garden Lighthouse, Daman

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are together a single union territory (effective from 26th January 2020) as per legislation passed by the Government of India. Daman is set to be the capital of this new union territory. The smaller area of Dadra is in Gujarat while Nagar Haveli is in between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. With the hills of the Western Ghats and surrounding lush greenery, it is an ideal indulgence into the wild side for a tourist and its Portuguese heritage makes it famous amongst the history enthusiasts as well.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu has been established as a new Union Territory on 26th January 2020
Daman and Diu was established as a Union Territory on May 30, 1987
Dadra and Nagar Haveli were merged with the Republic of India as a Union Territory on 11 August 1961
Area -
491 km²
Population -
Region - 
Western India

Best Time: October to Apr

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5. Chandigarh (Also the Capital of Punjab & Haryana)

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Known For : Rose Garden Rock Garden Sukhna Lake

Chandigarh, a union territory that is the capital of both Punjab as well as Haryana is a subtle and ideal definition of the word 'city'. Chandigarh is similar to Delhi in that it is granted the status of a city and of a union territory at the same time. Despite being the capital of both the states of Punjab and Haryana, it is governed directly by the central government. Geographically, the state of Punjab lies to its north, south and west while the state of Haryana lies to the east.
Area - 114 km²
Population - 10,54,686
Capital - Chandigarh
Region - North India
UT Established - 1 November 1966

Best Time: August to March

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6. Andaman & Nicobar - First union territory of India

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Known For : Scuba Diving In Andaman Havelock Island Radhanagar Beach

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands collectively was the first union territory of India after independence. These islands are situated to the south-east of the India Peninsula mainland at the juncture where the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea merge. Lagoons of crystal clear water and scenic beaches topped with a little bit of history make Andaman and Nicobar one of the most perfect choices for an enjoyable, laid-back holiday. From the pristine, untouched beaches of Neil and Havelock Islands to the bustling town of Port Blair, the Andamans have something to offer to every tourist.
Area - 8,249 km²
Population - 3,79,944
Capital - Port Blair
Region - South India
UT Established - 1 November 1956

Best Time: October to Jun

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7. Pondicherry - Puducherry

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Known For : Paradise Beach, Pondicherry Aurobindo Ashram Auroville

Pondicherry was formed in 1962, out of the former French colonies of Mahe, Pondicherry, Karaikal and Yanam. These colonies are now the districts under Pondicherry. Karaikal and Puducherry districts are bound by Tamil Nadu while the remaining districts of Mahe and Yanam are bound by Kerala and Andhra Pradesh respectively. Pondicherry, also known as Puducherry and commonly referred to as just Pondy, is one of the seven Union Territories of India. It is often famously referred to as the French Riviera of the East and is indeed one of the most charming and mesmerising places to visit in South India. Located in the state of Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry is a little town tucked away in the south-east coastline of India, and it is a destination that promises travellers sanctity and serenity, in the real sense of the terms.
Area - 479 km²
Population - 12,44,464
Capital - Puducherry
Region - South India
UT Established - 16 August 1962

Best Time: October to March

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8. Lakshadweep - Smallest union territory of India

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Known For : Minicoy Island Agatti Islands Bangaram Island

Literally meaning a 'hundred thousand islands', Lakshadweep has few of the most beautiful and exotic islands and beaches of India. The smallest union territory of India, Lakshadweep was formerly a part of Madras (now Chennai) and was separated and given the status of Union Territory. Initially, it was called the Laccadive, Minicoy and Aminidivi islands until the name Lakshadweep was officially adopted on the 1st of November of 1973. It is the smallest among all the union territories of India in terms of area and lies in the Laccadive sea south-west from the Indian peninsula mainland.
Area - 32 km²
Population - 64,429
Capital - Kavaratti
Region - South India
UT Established - 1 November 1956

Best Time: September to May

Which of these union territories in India have you visited and which one is your favourite? Let us know in the comments below!

This post was published by Joysurjya Hagjer

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FAQs on India

How many union territories are there in India in 2020?

There are 8 union territories in India and 28 states.

Is Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu same?

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (DNHDD) is a union territory in the Western part of India. It comprises of Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu. Daman and Diu were a separate UT that merged with Dadra and Nagar Haveli on 26 January 2020.

How many union territories have legislative assembly?

Puducherry, Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir 

Which union territories merged recently?

Daman and Diu is merged into Dadra and Nagar Haveli 

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