The Chilika Lake, which is a paradise on Earth for bird watchers and nature lovers, is the largest internal salt water lake in India and also in Asia. The pear-shaped lake is dotted with a few small islands and has fisheries and salt pans around its shore. This island is nestled in the heart of coastal Odisha and extends from Puri district in the north to Ganjan district in the south, and is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a 60 kilometres long narrow strip of sand-flats and marshy islands.
Lying at the boundary of the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake is the second largest saltwater lake in India. This fantastic destination is a natural beauty and also serves as an asylum for birds under the name of Pulicat Bird Sanctuary. The lake is separated by the Bay of Bengal by the barrier island of Sriharikota, which is also a rocket launching centre. Lying in the midst of scintillating virgin charms and cutting edge technological hotspot, the Pulicat Lake has something for everyone.
Sambhar Lake is located 64 kms from Ajmer enveloping the Sambhar town, on the National Highway 8 and is the largest saltwater lake in India. Lately, it has also been designated as a Ramsar site due to the presence and habitat of pink flamingos and waterfowl birds.
The famous and sparkling blue Pangong lake is situated near Leh-Ladakh in the Himalayas, approximately at the height of 4350 meters. This endorheic lake is 12 kilometres long and extends from India to Tibet, with two-thirds of it lying in the latter. Owing to its altitude, the temperature here ranges from -5°C to 10°C as a result of which the lake freezes completely during winters in spite of its salinity.
Lonar lake is an extremely beautiful place while Lonar crater is the world's only salt water lake in basaltic rock, believed to have been caused by a meteorite hitting Earth around 52,000 years ago.
Pachpadra Lake is situated in the Barmer District of Rajasthan near Jaisalmer and is one of the few salt water lakes in India with a 98% sodium chloride level.
Which of these salt lakes in India have you visited? Let us know in the comments below!
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