It was established way back in 1940 and was the first national park of Tamil Nadu and entire Southern India. You can expect to see a variety of animals here including tigers, leopards, striped hyenas, dholes, sloth bears, Asian elephants, and Golden Jackals.
The Anamalai Tiger Reserve, more famously known as the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park lies in the Western Ghats which is a well-known hotspot for biodiversity. Anamalai is known for its trek routes, forest safari, elephant camp, elephant ride as well as waterfalls.
Previously known as the Nilgiri Tahr National Park, Mukurthi National Park is situated in the western corner of the Nilgiris Plateau. This UNESCO World Heritage Site was established with the prime motive of conserving its keystone species – the Nilgiri Tahr. Trekking expenditures are organised within the forested areas. The department also organises the trek for a group of 20 participants at a time.
Guindy National Park in Chennai is the 8th smallest national park in the country. Boasting varied flora and fauna, and a rich wildlife, this national park is not very large. Blackbuck is the prime attraction here along with spotted deer, bonnet macaque, pangolin and the three-stripped palm squirrel. It also houses an exotic collection of birds.
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The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park in Tamil Nadu is a group of 21 small and breathtakingly beautiful islands, along with some adjacent coral reefs and shallow-water habitats. This park is also the core area for the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve and is home to a myriad of plants and animals in its marine, intertidal and nearshore habitats. Public access and participation inside the park is limited to glass-bottom boat rides.
Situated in Kancheepuram, Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is a protected sanctuary home for around 40,000 different species of birds. It is said that such a vast number of birds are attracted to this location because of its various small lakes that prove to be a fertile feeding ground for the birds.
Counted amongst the most famous bird sanctuaries, the Karikili Bird Sanctuary is situated in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu. It is a very peaceful and beautiful place to visit and is a house to many migratory birds which arrive here between September and October. It is also a popular picnic spot.
The Kalakkad Wildlife sanctuary is one of the few national parks in Tamil Nadu that houses the elusive Indian tiger. Lion tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, bonnet macaque, langur, Nilgiri tahr, sambar, sloth bear, gaur, elephant, flying squirrel, panther, wild dog and pangolin are some of the other animals found here.
India's Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve is a unique site that is located in the Western Ghats in the Southern part of India. The Biosphere Reserve acts as a unique genetic reservoir for cultivated plants, like- Cardamom, Jamuna, Nutmeg, Pepper and Plantain. The Agasthyamalai Biosphere also holds some major wildlife sanctuaries, namely- Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary and Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.
There is also a huge variety of birds of which some like flamingos and terns are migratory. There are numerous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Tamil Nadu of which one is a tiger reserve. Mudhumalai, Nagarhole and Bandipur are some of the most famous forest reserves in the state.