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Declared a world heritage site by the UNESCO, this place serves as a fine example of ancient urban planning. It happens to be the most visited historic site in Sri Lanka.
It is located in the Matale district in the centre near the town called Dambula. According to history, this site was chosen by the king Kasyapa to serve as his new capital. There is a huge gateway shaped like a lion and the place derives its name from this gateway. This place served as a Buddhist monastery till the 14th century.