Wasgamuwa National Park Travel Essentials


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"For Elephants, Leopards and History!"

Wasgamuwa National Park Tourism

Teeming with elephants, leopards and more, Wasgamuwa National Park is undoubtedly a must-visit for a chance to explore Sri Lanka’s fascinating wildlife. History and wildlife come together at Wasgamuwa National Park. Around 225 km from Colombo, the park is famous for its large number of Sri Lankan elephants, almost a whopping 150 in a herd!

The discovery of evidence of ancient Sri Lankan kingdoms at Wasgamuwa, lead to the conclusion that the area was also an important battleground. Wasgamuwa National Park is home to many of the wildlife that was displaced during the Mahaweli Development programme in 1984; the project aimed to generate hydroelectric power and improve irrigation systems by utilization of the nearby Mahaweli River waters.

The fauna at Wasgamuwa is a varied lot. The birdlife at Wasgamuwa is also reasonably abundant; the park has 140 species of birds, some of them endemic to the region. The fauna at the park also includes spotted deer, monitor lizards, mugger crocodiles and Sri Lankan frogmouth. Around 150 floral species have been identified here.

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History of Wasgamuwa National Park

The remnants of a canal and irrigation tanks built by King Parākramabāhu I, ruler of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa in the 12th century, were discovered at Wasgamuwa. During a battle between the Cholan King Elara and Sinhalese King Dutugamunu, the armies camped at Yudungananpitiya inside Wasgamuwa. Initially designated as a game reserve in 1907 and later declared as a nature reserve in 1938, Wasgamuwa became a national park in 1984.

Wildlife Safari in Wasgamuwa National Park

The timings of Wasgamuwa National Park are from 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM. A half-day or full-day safari, with professional guides, provides fascinating insights into the diversity of flora and fauna at Wasgamuwa. However, you can explore the park at your leisure by staying at the accommodation available inside the park.

Fauna in Wasgamuwa National Park

The most popular among the fauna at Wasgamuwa National Park is undeniably the Sri Lankan elephant. Apart from these gentle giants, one can spot plenty of bird species. Endemic birdlife at Wasgamuwa includes red-faced malkoha and Sri Lanka Junglefowl. One can also spot certain endemic mammals such as the toque macaque, and purple-faced leaf monkey. Sloth bears, leopards, barking deer, wild boars and mongooses are some of the other fauna.

Restaurants and Local Food in Wasgamuwa National Park

Pack your food and water during a trip to Wasgamuwa as there are no eateries inside or at proximity. However, organizers of safaris and camps often include meals as part of their packages. They mostly serve authentic Sri Lankan dishes and sometimes international fare as well.

Best Time to Visit Wasgamuwa National Park

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Wasgamuwa National Park

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What is the best time to visit Wasgamuwa national park?

The best time to visit Wasgamuwa National Park is from November to May, which is usually the time of monsoon. At this time, the elephant sightings more frequent. During the rest of the year, the elephants migrate to the nearby national parks to escape the dry season.
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What are the places near Wasgamuwa national park?

The top places near to Wasgamuwa national park are Sigiriya which is 28 km from Wasgamuwa national park, Kandy which is located 60 km from Wasgamuwa national park, Anuradhapura which is located 84 km from Wasgamuwa national park, Nuwara eliya which is located 90 km from Wasgamuwa national park, Colombo which is located 148 km from Wasgamuwa national park

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