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The city of extensive commerce and seats the executive and judicial branches of the Philippine national government, MANILA, also the capital city of Philippine, contains architectural and cultural landmarks, dating from the Spanish colonial period such as the Walled City of Intramuros. Globalisation and World Cities Research Network listed the city as a global city in the year 2012. Located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay, it is the second most populous city in the Philippines.
The city is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and lies 800 miles/1300 km. from mainland Asia. The Pasig River bisects Manila. Manila has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since the American colonial times. The city has six representative districts for the lower house of the Philippine Congress thus the city is composed of 16 districts. Before the city became a province of the Hindu Majapahit Empire, the Kingdom of Tondo once ruled in the vicinity of Manila. During the Brunei invasion of the Philippines, Sultan Bolkiah of Brunei captured Seludong and renamed it Maynilà, a Tagalog term referring to the presence of the Nila shrub. Manila is one of the earliest examples of globalisation as it was a centre of Spanish activity in the east and one end of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade route which linked Spanish America with Asia.