History of Nepal - The Past That Shaped the Beautiful Nation

According to the local legends, the word 'Nepal' originated from the name of a sage called 'Ne,' who established himself in the Nepal Valley (popularly called the Kathmandu Valley now). The word could also have originated from the name of an indigenous community of Nepal - Newar community.  What we see today as this roughly rectangular, small landlocked country squeezed between the modern-day giants of India and China, is a multi-religious, multi-lingual, multi-racial and multi-cultural country with a long and rich past that dates back to 11000 years! The history of Nepal is broadly divided into 3 parts i.e. Ancient, Medieval and Modern.

Pre-history and Ancient Nepal

Source

Buddhist History of Nepal

Lumbini
Source
Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, a province at the foot of the Himalayan Mountains in the Terai plains of southern Nepal, and a World Heritage site since 1997. A famous column inscribed on a pillar erected in Lumbini by the Indian Emperor Ashoka, in the 3rd century BCE is evident of the early Buddhist influence in Nepal. Although there is no evidence to prove that Ashoka went there himself, oral histories narrate the story of him visiting Kathmandu Valley and erecting four stupas around Patan.

The Kiratis and the Lichhavis

Source

The Legend Surrounding Pashupatinath Temple

Source
Going by the popular legends, the origin of this world-famous temple lies in a mound. A cow roamed around this mound and offered it her milk every day. This strange routine was noticed by a herder. Out of curiosity, he dug the spot, to discover a linga with faces of Shiva carved on it. This Linga emitted a very bright light. Later, a shrine was built, dedicated to an incarnation of Shiva, Pashupatinath - the protector of animals.

Medieval Nepal

Mallas and the Golden Age

The Legend of Indra Jatra Festival

Source

Conquest of the Gorkha Ruler

Modern Period

Source

The years that followed were definitely not rosy as there were huge protests in the form of the people's movement, followed by the Maoist uprising and a failed experiment with democracy. In 2008, Nepal was declared the Federal Democratic Republic, abolishing the 240-year-old monarchy in the state. Nepal has definitely come a long way, though its struggle with modernization still continues.

This post was published by Pranjali Kureel

Share this post on social media
Google +

Nepal Packages

Compare quotes from upto 3 travel agents for free

Related Articles

Travel Tips

Visiting Nepal in August: A Guide to Weather, Festivals and Things to Do

Art & Culture

Dresses of Nepal - 7 Beautiful Traditional Nepalese Dresses

Art & Culture

37 Facts About Nepal - A Guide to Staying Culturally Conscious

Art & Culture

Religions in Nepal - The Repository of Ethnic Mosaic

Art & Culture

Culture of Nepal

Art & Culture

11 Stunning Marvels of Architecture of Nepal and its 3 Styles

Art & Culture

Traveller's Guide To The Languages of Nepal - Go Local & Feel Welcomed!

Art & Culture

Music of Nepal: The Variety Of Music One Can Find In Nepal

Art & Culture

Handicrafts of Nepal - Best Handmade Crafts from the ‘Roof of the World’

Art & Culture

6 Bridges in Nepal That Display the City's Engineering Advancement

Art & Culture

Nepal Hosts World’s First Highest Altitude Fashion Show

Art & Culture

Monasteries in Nepal

Food & Drink

Food of Nepal - 17 Iconic Nepalese Food Items You MUST Try

Experiences

20 Beautiful Places In Nepal That Will Leave You Wonderstruck

Food & Drink

Beer in Nepal: Quench Your Thirst with Nepal's Exclusive Brews

Shopping

Shopping In Nepal - What to Buy & Where to Buy From

Transport

List of Airports in Nepal

Experiences

Complete Guide to the Perfect Wedding in Nepal

Adventure

6 Rivers of Nepal That Have Breathtaking Views!

Nightlife

Nightlife of Nepal: An Exhaustive Guide To Nepal's Stellar Nightlife

Religious

Diwali in Nepal - Celebration of the Gods, Mother Nature and Oneself

Adventure

9 Landscapes of Nepal Which Will Take Your Breath Away

Adventure

Complete Guide To Camping In Nepal - The 10 Best Camping Sites!

Fairs & Festivals

Holi in Nepal - How The Beautiful nation Celebrates the Festival of Colours

Travel Tips

Renting a Car in Nepal

Fairs & Festivals

New Year in Nepal - 12 Fun Things to Do in Nepal To Welcome 2020

Wildlife & Nature

National Parks in Nepal To Explore The Wild Side of The Himalayan Country

Adventure

Historical Places in Nepal

Travel Tips

Nepal in January - Weather, Top Places & Festivals During January in Nepal

Hill Stations

Stunning Hill Stations in Nepal

Religious

Temples in Nepal

Comments on this post