Surat’s rich history dates back to the age of the epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, and according to mythology, it is the place where Lord Krishna paused in his travel from Dwaraka to Mathura. Known as Suryapur in the earlier days, it was a bone of contention between the different European forces like the British, Portuguese, Dutch and French, who all vied to gain control of the strategically located port city. By the 19th century, the city was under the control of the British. The great Maratha warrior Shivaji also attacked the city multiple times to gain control of its growing wealth and prosperity. Post-independence, the city, has emerged as an important industrial and commercial hub of India.