Ranked 19 among Places to Visit in Mumbai
Time Required: 3-4 hours
Located in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, near Borivali in Mumbai, the Kanheri Caves in Mumbai are a group of rock - cut monuments in the form of caves. The caves and the paintings, themselves, illustrate the Buddhist influence on the Indian art and culture. The caves are famous for their 109 special entrances as well as for their ancient sculptures, carvings, paintings and inscriptions dating back to the 1st century to the 10th century that adorn their basalt formations. Standing in sharp contrast to the verdant greenery of the surrounding hills, Kanheri Caves can be accessed through a series of rock cut steps.
While the caves provide an excellent insight into history, it can be clearly seen that they were built over an extensive period of time. The older of the Kanheri Caves are plainer in their design, while the newer caves are more ornamented. What ties the design of each of these caves is an individual stone plinth on which they rest, which is common to all. In addition to the caves, a congregation hall, intricately carved pillars, Buddhist stupas, and ingenious water channels carved out stone are some of the exciting aspects to witness and marvel. Another one of the caves here has been converted into a monastery and holds special importance for the Buddhist community.
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