Historical places in Agra are some of the most significant sites of India. Mostly during the Mughal Period. Situated on the banks of the river Yamuna, this beautiful city gained public interest when Sikander Lodhi decided to make Agra the capital city. It remained the capital city even during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. It was during the Mughal Period when Agra gained some of the incredible monuments like the Taj Mahal, Buland Darwaza and the Agra Fort. Agra’s influence declined when Mughal’s influence declined. By this time, the British had attained significant power. Agra came under British control in the 1800s. With the capital city being changed to Capital city, Agra lost the powerful significance it held during the Mughal Period. After independence, Agra developed into an industrial city and a popular tourist destination. Some of the famous monuments were also listed under UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
Here is the list of 6 Monuments & Historical Places in Agra
The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world and is considered to be the most popular tourist attraction in the country. A symbol of love, the Taj was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his queen Mumtaz. Tagore described the Taj as an eardrop on the cheek of eternity. The historical place in Agra attracts the highest tourists in India all around the year.
A city, predominantly made of red sandstone, Fatehpur Sikri was once the capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is now a UNESCO world heritage site and a famous tourist attraction. The city offers a fine example of Akbar's architectural finesse.
Also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge or Red Fort of Agra, the Agra Fort is a UNESCO world heritage site. It is situated at a distance of about 2.5 km north-west of the famous Taj Mahal. The construction of this massive historical place in Agra was done using red sandstone by the banks of Yamuna river was started by Emperor Akbar.
This relatively simple mosque built almost entirely in red sandstone was built by Jahanara, the daughter of Shah Jahan. Seen in itself, this is still an imposing piece of architecture and one of the largest mosques in the country. This is still used as the main mosque in the city and is a stunning historical place in Agra.
Akbar's Tomb is a mausoleum which house the mortal remains of the great emperor Akbar. It is an important Mughal architectural masterpiece, built in 1605-1613. It is situated in Sikandra, the outskirts of the city and is spread over 119 acres. According to Tartary tradition, which stated to start the construction of one's tomb during one's lifetime only, Akbar himself commenced the construction of this historical place in Agra."