History of Ujjain
The history of Ujjain can be traced back to the time of Mahabharat and Ramayana. Lost in the midst of antiquity, this place holds the tales of Lord Ram and Sita of the time when they used to visit this place to perform “Pind-Daan” for father Dasharat at Ramghat. One of the most sacred pilgrimage destination, it was once the residence of Great Emperor Ashoka. During his ruling in the western provinces as a viceroy, it was this place where he came to know about the teachings of Buddha.
Ujjain Simhastha - Kumbh Mela of Ujjain
The Kumbh Cliche about getting lost seems true in the hustle-bustle of this festival. A Hindu pilgrimage where thousands of Hindu worshippers gather to take a bath in the sacred pool, this festival is held by one of the four cities Ujjain, Nasik, Allahabad, and Haridwar every three years. It is said that four drops of nectar fell in these places during the tug of war between gods and demons, signifying the holy pools of water in each city. The dates are calculated by combining the zodiac positions of the sun, moon, and Jupiter, which marks the beginning of month-long fairs, cultural performances and crowds coming from all around the world.
Ujjain: The City of Temples
One of the oldest cities in India and a perfect destination for a spiritual journey, Ujjain is also regarded as ‘the city of temples’ for its appealing temples, soaking the atmosphere and people in divine serenity. The Mahakal temple venerated to Lord Shiva attracts the most crowd during pilgrimage including several other temples such as Harsiddhi temple, Kal Bhairav temple, and the Chintaman Ganesh temple. Dedicated to Lord Krishna and Radha, the Sri Radha Madan Mohan temple is famous for its unique architecture and attracts tourists from far away.
Greenwich of India
Hindu astrologers and astronomers have named this city as ‘Greenwich of India’ based on its positioning on the Tropic of Cancer (first meridian longitude) that passes through Jantar Mantar. Thus, this place is believed to be as timeless as holy and religious. This unique geographical location astro-sciences has been referred to as central reference point. Several calculations including the denotation of standard time are attributed to this place.
Located on the banks of River Shipra, Ujjain earlier was the capital of ancient Avanti and also of King Vikramaditya. Tourist sites in Ujjain range from temples to observatory to palaces and heritage structures. For Hindus, this is a holy site where Hinduism flourished intensely centuries ago. A trip to Ujjain would signify walk down the rich history of India. Monumental structures also stand as the testimony of the skills and craftsmanship of the people across different timelines.