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Ranchi

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Best Time: Jul-Mar Read More

Ideal duration: 1-2 days

Nearest Airport: Ranchi Check Flights

"City of waterfalls"

Ranchi Tourism

Ranchi is the capital of mineral-rich state Jharkhand. Located at an altitude of 700 metres, Ranchi was once identified as the summer capital of Bihar owing to its altitude of 700 metres, waterfalls, surrounding forest and beautiful river Subarnekha flowing by. There are not many sightseeing spots in Ranchi, but due to better flight connectivity, natural surroundings of Ranchi are becoming popular among travellers. The weather here remains pleasant during evenings and night.

The city takes immense pride in accounting for the 40 per cent of the country’s total mineral reserves. The most popular places in this city include Ranchi Hill, Kanke Dam, Tagore hill and Hudru falls, Hatia Museum and Tribal Research Institute and Museum. The city has a wide variety of trees and wildlife, Maugha, Sal and Simul are some of the rare types of trees found here.

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History of Ranchi

The district of Ranchi, located in the Chota Nagpur plateau, was initially inhabited by the Munda and Oraon races. The region was free of any external forces until the accession of Mughal king Akbar in 1585. The region was exploited for its resources for a long time under the Mughal rule until it came under the British Raj in 1765. The Maharaja of Ramgarh was appointed to look after the administration of the city. The change of rule, however, was unaccepted by the localities and so the British formed a new region (including Ranchi and the neighbouring towns) called the South- Western Frontier Agency. This fell under the direct rule of the Governor General of India. The district played a significant role during the Indian struggle for independence and was a strategic centre point for many movements. After independence, Ranchi was included in the Bihar state. But after the creation of Jharkhand in 2000, Ranchi became a part of the new state and was officially declared its capital.

Culture of Ranchi

Ranchi has a vibrant culture which is a confluence of different tribes (old and new) and their traditional practices. The culture is influenced by ancient native tribals, Buddhist, the Hindu kings and the Mughals. People mostly practise agriculture or work in the mines due to the nature of the region. Rice and Wheat are the staple foods of Ranchi. The town is also known for various folk music, arts and dance forms such as Chhau and Santhal (named after the Santhal tribe). Chatth Puja is the most popular festival followed by Holi, Diwali, Basant Panchmi etc. You can also find tastefully done handiwork and beautiful wood carvings here. Local labour make use of bamboo and wood from the forests to make wicker baskets, rice huskers, mats, coasters etc. Pottery and Painting are another specialities of the region. Scroll Paintings or Paitkar painting is a popular form and is done by the tribals. Sohrai Art is another painting form depicting bulls, horned deities, nature etc., done by women during festivals or harvest time.

The city of waterfalls

Situated on the Deccan plateau, Ranchi is a picturesque city that offers a rejuvenating view of hills, small rock formations and numerous waterfalls which give the city its nickname. A rising industrial hub, Ranchi exhibits a blend of various cultures and communities which are prevalent in their cuisine and festivals itself. The city is also known to inspire several works of Rabindranath Tagore evidence of which are still preserved in the Tagore Hills.

Land of the Mundas

Previously known as the 'forest land', Ranchi is home to several tribes, mainly the Santhals and the Mundas. As a result, unique forms of music, art and cuisine can be found in this region. The tribal Pitkar paintings, wood and bamboo works found in this region attracts a lot of tourists to Ranchi.

Restaurants and Local Food in Ranchi

Ranchi provide a modest variety in its restaurants and local street food outlests and Dhabas. You can choose from local Jharkhand cuisine, a typical Indian menu and popular items of Chinese cuisine. One must indulge in the popular desserts as well as the Chaat found here.
Other than this one might try popular items of the state, such as Pua, Litti, Handia, Kanda, Aloo Chokha, Dubhni Roti and more.
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Suggested Itinerary

Day 1: Arrive in Ranchi and visit the Dassam Falls and Jonha Falls, the latter of which is a type of hanging valley falls. In the evening join the devotees in the Jagannath Temple and witness the beautiful panoramic site of the city from the high perched top deck. Appreciate the fine Kalinga style architecture and don’t forget to take back some of the Ayurvedic medicines outside the temple.

Day 2: Wake up early the next morning and set off to visit the famous Pahari Temple built on top of a hill lock. This is also the place where the freedom fighters were hanged to death. A bird’s eye view of the entire city is possible and this can be reached by taking a flight of around 300 steps. Proceed to the Rock garden post lunch and spend some quiet time with nature. In the evening, visit the mesmerizing Hundru Falls.

Day 3: You can dedicate the last day to visit the Birsa zoological park and the Tagore Hill, preferably at the time of sunset.

Ranchi Photos

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Holidify's Opinion

What's Great?

Beautiful landscape.

What's Not So Great?

Poor waste management, poor drainage systems, traffic.

For Whom?

Ranchi, being the capital of Jharkhand is perfect for a visit by people from other cities in Jharkhand and nearby cities in Orissa and West Bengal. Ranchi is an ideal choice for weekend trips.

How To Reach Ranchi

An emerging industrial hub, Ranchi is well connected to the rest of the country via airways and railways. A network of National Highways also connects Ranchi to major cities of India.

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Ranchi Reviews

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Chitra Pandey 2 months ago
Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand and it's so beautiful and pleasant city. Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand, which feels mystical and it's so beautiful and pleasant city. The dense forests, waterfalls, rivers, wilderness, ancient temples and the local culture remind us of unfulfilled travel longings. Ranchi is famous for its beautiful geography, hills, forest and of course waterfalls. Ranchi as the former summer capital of the British Empire in India, it is a great destination. You can take the help of a car rental service in Ranchi, this is the best option for visiting & sightseeing in Ranchi and nearby places.
Swornamayee Pradhan 8 months ago
Thank you for sharing Information about Places to visit In Ranchi. Thanks a lot for your nice Blog Posting. Keep writing & Sharing Ahead.
Asif Uzzaman 12 months ago
A city as close to the beauty of nature as to definitive features of urban life. U can enjoy the beauty of Jonha falls, tranquility of Dhurwa dam, along with busy roads reminding you of your original urban life. Though a small city, cabs are always readily available. Expect a kind of trip that is short & will not cut you off from your usual life.
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