Chapora Fort

3.7 / 5 78 votes


Weather:

Time Required: 1-2 hours

Timings:

9:30 AM - 5:30 PM

Entry Fee:

No entry fee
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Chapora Fort, Goa Overview

A bastion of history and beauty - Chapora Fort is in North Goa and is located 10 km away from Mapusa. The Fort is undeniably one of the most famous forts in Goa. Built by the Portuguese in 1717, Chapora Fort has a long and fascinating history attached to it. History tells us that the fortifications around the current location of the fort had existed long before the Portuguese even landed in Goa. However, the fort was known by a different name then and was reconstructed by the Portuguese. The fort gets its name from Chapora River that flows right alongside it. 
In the current times, however, the fort has gained a place of importance as 'Dil Chahta Hain' Fort and was so named after the 2001 blockbuster that was shot here. A fascinating escape, it offers beautiful views of the sea and Chapora River.

Chapora Fort has passed through the possession of numerous rulers over a long period of time, right from the Portuguese to the Marathas and the ruins tell a story of their own! You can still see the entry points of the two tunnels that were built by the Portuguese to use as an escape in times of emergency. Legend also has it that the walls of the fort were thought to be impossible to breach as they followed the landscape almost exactly. However, a Maratha ruler called Sambhaji and his men scaled the walls with effortless ease, winning the hearts of the Portuguese generals guarding the bastion. This eventually led them to surrendering the fort through respect and admiration of the Maratha army.

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Tourists flock to the Chapora fort in large numbers every year to enjoy the scenic views that it offers. Not only are sunrises and sunsets at the fort incredible, it also provides magnificent views of the surrounding Anjuna, Chapora and Vagator beaches. While exploring the history of the fort you can also indulge in a small trek to the nearby Vagator Beach. The sweeping views of the sea and scenery from the fort will surely keep you asking for more.

Before the arrival of the Portuguese in Goa, the spot where the fort is located was the site of some other fort. The Adil Shah rulers of Bijapur had built a fort in the area, and the Portuguese constructed the existing structure in the year 1717 to defend their territories from the attack of the Marathas. Underground channels were also built inside the fort to use as an escape route in the face of dire emergencies. The Portuguese ruled over the Chapora Fort for more than 150 years. However, the Marathas under Sambhaji managed to conquer the fort twice. Nonetheless, the Portuguese succeeded in gaining control over the fort, and in 1892, the fort was finally abandoned since the frontier of the colony had now expanded further north.

The best time to visit the Chapora Fort is in the evenings since the weather becomes pleasant and the sunsets, when viewed from the fort, look quite artistic.

In those times, it was firmly believed that since the walls of the fort followed the natural terrain, it was impossible to breach them. It was also resolutely concluded that these walls could never be conquered, or climbed up on. However, a valiant Maratha leader managed to clear away all these misconceptions, since his army scaled the walls quite easily. The Portuguese general, who was in charge of the fort, was naturally shocked when he saw this. At the same time, however, he was also very impressed. Thus, he surrendered the fort without any vengeance or fight back.

The Chapora fort has been constructed in such a fashion that it has steep slopes on all its sides, and offers views of all four directions. Since the structure follows the outline of the higher slopes, it forms an irregular outer wall, which adds defensive height to the fortifications and also offers an advantage over dry ditches being dug. The main gate of the fort is quite tiny but is narrow and deep. A church dedicated to St. Anthony was once situated inside the fort but has now disappeared.

The Chapora Fort is quite accessible and can be reached easily from any part of Goa. The fort is just 10 kilometres away from Mapusa, and can also be reached by climbing the hill from the Vagator Beach. To the reach the fort, one has to take the road that forks towards the right, just 2 kilometres before the Vagator Beach. From there, a small path will lead you to the base of the hill, on top of which the fort is located.

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