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Timings : Open 24 hours

Time Required : 4-5 hours

Entry Fee : No entry fee

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Anshi National Park, Dandeli Overview

Located at the eco-sensitive part of Western Ghats (altitude ranging from 200 meters to 900 meters) in Uttara Kannada district is Anshi National Park, an evergreen tropical rainforest. Anshi National Park is a part of the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary and covers about 500 square kilometres of the natural reserve.

It is a famous Tiger Reserve and is now called the Kali Tiger Reserve. With high biodiversity that is most specific to the Western Ghats of India, the attraction is a favourite amongst nature and animal lovers. The park is home to hundreds of species of wild animals, endemic birds, herbs, shrubs, and reptiles. Overlooking the Kali river which flows through it, the remarkable topography of the park includes beautiful deep valleys, dense forests and narrow hills slopes.

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Best Time To Visit Anshi National Park

Best Time to Visit Anshi National Park is between October to January when the temperatures range comfortably between 16 degrees C to 35 degrees C and the sky is dry and clear. This is also the time when spotting the black panther is much easier. This is the unique feature of the park as it is the only place in Asia where a black panther can be spotted easily.

Stay Near Anshi National Park

There are several options to stay near the national park. Anshi Nature Camp also offers accommodation services and food. There are tents and dormitories available.

Things to Do and Nearby Attractions

There are many small natural springs, brook, cascades in the vicinity of the park. The steep roads located inside the park will take you to the villages of Nethurga, Shivapura, Sulageri, all of them situated in the deep desolate woodland. Other tourist attractions worth checking out are the Ulvi Channabasaveshwara Temple located in the southern part of the park, Kadra Valley viewpoint, which is located 12 km away from the park and Karwar beach, located 55 km away from the park. 
You can also indulge in white water rafting (up to grade 3 level) at the gushing Kali river.

Geography

Located in the Western Ghats in Uttara Kannada (latitude l4°54' to l5°07' N) and longitude (74°l6' to 74°30? E), Anshi National Park is spread over an area of 34o km square. The park receives high rainfall (around 2500 mm) annually. Despite the downpours, water holes located within the premise go dry with the onset of summer. This is due to the laterite soil and its minimal water-bearing capacity. The maximum temperature goes up to 40 degrees C, and the minimum temperature in the area drops down to 10 degrees C.

Silver Oak
Silver Oak
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Flora and Fauna

Flora
Significant flora cover (mainly the deciduous forests) inside the park is deemed endangered by WWF (World Wide Fund For Nature). So whatever you see in the park is either rare or vulnerable species. That being said, the park is surely rich in biodiversity. Some trees and plants that you will come across are Calophyllum Wightianum, Knema Attlenuata, Malabar tamarind, silver oak, bamboo, eucalyptus, Bauhinia, Artocarpus Lacucha, Hope Wightiana, blackboard tree, teak, Flacourtia Montana, Jamba, Garcinia Morella, Bintangur, Ainimaram, Carallia Brachiata, and more.

Fauna
Fauna inside Anshi National Park is a treat for the eyes and are also great photography objects. The park is widely known for black panthers, tigers, and elephants. Other large animals that can be spotted here are sloth bear, bonnet macaque, slender grey loris, barking deer, Indian wild boar, mouse deer, Indian bison, sambar deer, and more.

Small animals include leopard cat, wild dog, jungle cat, jackal, porcupine, flying squirrel, Indian giant squirrel, Malabar civet, small Indian civet, Indian grey mongoose, and pangolin are also housed inside the national park.

Anshi Giant Squirrel
Anshi Giant Squirrel
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The park is home to many reptiles including the king cobra, Russell's viper, saw-scaled viper, rat snake, green pit viper, monitor lizards, bamboo pit viper, spectacled cobra, Indian rock python, and common krait, which are deadly but also eye-catching. It also houses over 200 species of birds including Ceylon frogmouth, Malabar pied hornbill, great hornbill, broad-billed roller, great hornbill, blue-headed pitta , yellow-footed green pigeon, golden-backed woodpecker, crested serpent eagle, Sri Lanka frogmouth, black-crested bulbul, Asian fairy bluebird, adjutant stork, brahminy kite, and ashy woodswallow. All the birds are distinctive and breathtaking to look at.

Trekking

A pleasant stroll in Anshi National Park is the perfect way to spend a winter evening. The cool breeze brushes past your skin while spectacular sceneries surround you. Anshi Nature Camp is a trekking facility located 3 kilometres from the park. There are a total of 4 trekking routes, all of which commence from the nature camp. The trekking routes include: 
1. The first route starts at Anshi nature camp and covers Maingani village followed by Dodpoda Nala. The trek ends at the nature camp. The length of the trail is 5.0 km.
2. The second route starts at the nature camp, goes on to Anshi range office, followed by Nesar Temba. The trek then reverses back to the nature camp, covering an area of 10 km.
3. The third trek (and the most difficult one) heads towards Matgaon from the nature camp and coves Vaki Road and Chandkunga. The trek ends at Kadra viewpoint, covering a distance of 20 km. The beautiful view over at Kadra is definitely worth the trek.
4. The final route also covers a distance of 20 km, but the trek is much more plain sailing than the 3rd route. Starting at the nature camp, this route covers Matgaon, followed by Devvarman and Dam before heading back to the camp.

Anshi National Park
Anshi National Park
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History

On 10th May 1956, the forest cover in the area was declared to be known as Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Following that, the state government proposed that a section of the forest reserve should be carved out, resulting in what we know today as Anshi National Park. The proposal was agreed upon but not implemented until 2 September 1987. Initially, it was agreed that an area of a 250km square would be spared for the park. Eventually, the final notification included an extension by 90 sq km more, making it a total of 340 km square. In December 2015, the park was renamed to Kali Tiger Reserve due to the prominence of tigers and river Kali in the area and also because the area was part of Project Tiger - an initiative to restore the number of tigers all over the world.

Kali River
Kali River
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In the past, this forest cover was mined for manganese. This had a devastating effect on wildlife and animals started migrating to other areas likes villages and small towns. Fortunately, this stopped, and the wildlife is turning back to normal.

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