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Timings : Open All Day

Time Required : 1 day

Entry Fee : No entry fee

Baratang Island, Andaman & Nicobar Islands Overview

Baratang Island, also known as Ranchiwalas Island, is a beautiful little island in the North and Middle Andaman Administrative district and is situated about 100 kilometres away from the capital city of Port Blair by road. The island is well-known for its mangroves, mud volcanoes (only ones in India) and limestone caves. However, you may need to take permission from the Forest Department at Baratang to explore these caves. Unlike Havelock Island, Baratang Island is not as developed for urban tourism and mostly serves as a hub for natural sightseeing. You can reach Baratang island via the government ferry service that runs between Port Blair city at the Phoenix Bay Jetty.

From Port Blair which is around 100 Kms away, Baratang Island is an ideal offbeat one-day destination. Andaman Trunk Road that connects Rangat and Mayabunder passes through the Baratang Island and meanders through the lush green rainforests. Popular activities at the Batarang Island include boating through the mangrove forests and limestone caves, light treks and hikes and bird watching. The beaches here are untouched and offer a quiet experience for those who shy away from crowds. The food outlets here serve delightful Indian cuisine as well. Keep in mind that many locals here are not well versed in English.

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Sightseeing at Baratang Island

1. Mangrove Forests

Mangrove Creeks
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Tourists are allowed to take calm boat rides through the tidal mangrove forests. 

2. Limestone Caves 

Limestone Cave
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The virgin beaches of Baratang islands attract those looking for a quiet beachside experience but the limestone caves here are the icing on the cake. The caves were formed millions of years ago due to the slow deposition of lime on the earth's surface. The caves can be accessed by a 45 minutes boat ride from Baratang via a scenic route through the Andaman Sea. The ride through the mangrove reserves to the wonderful limestone caves is truly an exhilarating experience. 

3. Mud Volcanoes

Mud Volcano
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Endemic to Baratang Island in India, the mud volcanoes are sprawled over a huge area of 1000 to 2000 square metre. The first eruption of the mud volcano on the island of Baratang was seen in the year 1983 and the last eruption was seen in 2003. These volcanoes also emit a number of gasses and the eruptions in mud have formed various craters all over the island. The mud volcanoes are truly unique and attract nature lovers and geography enthusiasts from all over the world.

How To Reach Baratang Island

Baratang island is located 100 km from the capital of Port Blair. You can choose to book a private taxi or take the government buses which run from Port Blair. There are also government ferry services which run between Port Blair and Baratang Island and onward to Havelock Island. They start at the Phoenix Bay Jetty at 08:30 AM each day. You can avail the tickets for the same at the  Single Window, Tourist Information Center at Directorate of I & P, between 09:00 AM to 04:00 PM.

  Arrival  Departure 
Port Blair  --- 05:30AM IST
Baratang  08:30 AM IST 1:00 PM IST
Port Blair  05:00 PM IST  ---

Tips For Visiting

1. While visiting the limestone caves, do not try to make contact with the tribal people.
2. The mud volcano isn't an ideal destination for the children below 10 years.
3. Always stick to your routes and not venture into the restricted areas.

Geography and Demographics

The Baratang Island expands over an area of about 243 square kilometres and is considered as one of the primary islands of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands archipelago in the Bay of Bengal. To the north of the Baratang Island is Middle Andaman; to the east is the archipelago of the Islands of Ritchie and Port Blair lies to the south of the Baratang Island.

The landscape consists of lush green tropical forests, limestone caves, mangrove creeks, pristine beaches, a couple of active volcanoes and a mud volcano. The island consists of three main villages, Nilambur, Adozig and Rangat and has an approximate population of about 5700 inhabitants which mainly include the Jarawa Tribe population. In India, the Jarawa tribe is identified as the Adivasi group who have avoided contact with non-locals to a great extent.

History of Baratang Island

By the end of the nineteenth century India, due to a political disturbance in Ranchi, many locals converted to Christianity to seek refuge. India was still under the reign of the British Rule during that time. When the British realised the forests of Andaman and Nicobar had future growth prospects, they decided to send the people who converted to Christianity as labour to cultivate crops on Baratang Island. The island was therefore also known as the Ranchiwalas Island. The immigrants thus created new lives for themselves on Baratang Island.

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