History Of Jodhpur CityThe city of Jodhpur was founded by the Rajput chief of the Rathore clan, Rao Jodha. It was believed that the Rajput clan that he belonged to were the successors of Lord Rama.
What Really Happened? The Actual StoryAs per the history of Jodhpur, a kingdom was set up at Kannauj by Naya Pal which thrived there over seven centuries till it was taken over by Mohammad Ghori. Jai Chand, who ruled Jodhpur at that time, died while he was trying to escape. After which, his son Shivaji took over the kingdom and established the Rathore Kingdom at Mandore after conquering the Pratiharas.
The Mughal-Rajput RelationshipThe Mehrangarh Fort thus became unbeatable making Jodhpur immune to any enemy attacks. However, the Marathas, as well as Mughals, always kept their eye on this region. This unconquerable nature of the city in the history of Jodhpur took a huge turn after Akbar; the Mughal Emperor became an ally of the city.
The Rathores had good relations with the Mughals except for Aurangzeb. During his reign, Shahjahan was given full support by Maharaja Jaswant Singh at the time of trouble. However, after Aurangzeb died, Maharaja Ajit Singh threw the Mughals out of Ajmer and added it to Marwar (now known as Jodhpur).
The Appropriate Location Of The CityThe location of Jodhpur in the barren land with a minimal supply of water has never posed any difficulty in the prosperity of the city since despite its location. Rather, it grew well and with real elegance. Jodhpur was located on the very famous silk trade route which connected India and the various parts of Central Asia. Jodhpur was always a land of the rich, defined by the endless richness and the royal grandeur of the people residing there.
What Happened Post-Independence?
This settlement offered peace and wealth in the kingdom. Jodhpur became the largest amongst the Rajputs with respect to its land area. Jodhpur progressed immensely under the Britishers. The Marwaris, who were the merchants, were given a significant position in the trade across the entire nation. However, after India gained independence after 1947, the then state of Jodhpur was merged into the Union of India and instead became the second city of Rajasthan.
The Last Ruler Of JodhpurThe city of Jodhpur flourished into a modern city with all amenities under the kingdom of Maharaja Umaid Singh. Umaid Bhavan has been named after Maharaja Umaid Singh and he was the grandfather of the present Maharaja Gaj Singh. Maharaja Umed Singh is said to be the last ruler before independence.
Jodhpur 'Blue City'
While some of the households of Jodhpur say that they paint their houses blue so as to keep them cool but more or less they are just following the tradition set by their ancestors of painting their houses blue. Apparently, this tradition was started by the Brahmins who started to paint their houses so as to keep a distinction between the upper class (them) and the rest of the people. This was then blindly followed by the rest of the population.
So to conclude it all, the city is famous for its handicrafts which is the main income-generating activity of the inhabitants of the city.