Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

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Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Travel Essentials

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"Rooftop of Africa and Mount Kilimanjaro"

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Tourism

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is situated in northeast Tanzania, covering about 1,688 square kilometres. The park is famous for Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest point, reaching 5895 meters at its peak. Unlike traditional safaris, the park is known for mountain climbing, attracting travellers globally to conquer Africa's highest peak.

Mount Kilimanjaro has three volcanic cones – Mawenzi, Kibo, and Shira – making it one of Earth's largest volcanoes. Kilimanjaro National Park features various vegetation zones, from lower slopes and montane forest to heath and moorland, alpine desert, and the summit. The park is a diverse wildlife habitat, hosting Cape buffaloes, elephants, blue monkeys, eastern black and white colobuses, bush babies, and leopards, offering a memorable encounter with nature.

Entry Fees to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park:
Park Entry Fee:
EAC: Adult – TSH 10,000, Child – TSH 2000
Resident: Adult – $35, Child - $10
Non-EAC: Adult - $70, Child - $20

Special Activities:
Walking Safaris:
Short walks for adults(1 to 2 hours): EAC – TSH 5000, Residents - $20, Non-EAC - $20
Short walks for children: EAC – TSH 2500, Residents: $10, Non-EAC - $10
Long Walks for adults (above 4 hours): EAC – TSH 10000, Residents - $25, Non-EAC - $25
Long Walks for children: EAC – 5000, Residents - $15, Non EAC - $15

Paragliding on Kilimanjaro per person per day:
Pilot: EAC– TSH 100,000, Resident– $500, Non-EAC - $500
Passenger: EAC– TSH 100,000, Resident– $250, Non-EAC - $250
Mawenzi Peak Technical Climbing per person per day: EAC– TSH 30,000, Resident– $750, Non-EAC - $750
Cycling per person per day: EAC– TSH 30,000, Resident– $50, Non-EAC - $50
Crew Fee (Tanzanians) in Kilimanjaro per trip: TSH 5,000

Park fees for the Trekker for Various Routes:
This price is per trekker and does not include guide and porter entrance fees.
Machame 6 days - $814.20
Machame 7 days - $955.80
Lemosho 7 days - $955.80
Lemosho 8 days - $1097.40
Marangu 5 days - $719.80
Marangu 6 days - $873.20
Rongai 6 days - $814.20
Rongai 7 days - $955.80
Umbwe 6 days - $814.20
Umbwe 7 days - $955.80
Northern Circuit 8 days - $1097.40
Northern Circuit 9 days - $1239.00

Entrance Gates to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park:
Kilimanjaro National Park has several entrance gates:
1. Marangu Gate: Marangu Gate is one of the popular entry points for trekkers taking the Marangu Route, also known as the "Coca-Cola" route. It is closest to the Mandara Huts, which is the first overnight stop for hikers. Marangu Gate is located near the town of Marangu, which is about 70 kilometres from Moshi. This route is often chosen by those seeking a more straightforward and comfortable ascent, as it offers hut accommodation throughout the trek.
2. Machame Gate: Machame Gate is the starting point for trekkers taking the Machame Route, known as the "Whiskey" route. It is closest to the Machame Camp, the first camping site on this challenging but scenic route. Machame Gate is approximately 50 kilometres from Moshi and is a preferred choice for those seeking a more scenic and adventurous trek with camping throughout the journey.
3. Londorossi Gate: Londorossi Gate is the entry point for the Lemosho Route, which is known for its diverse and stunning landscapes. It is closest to the Lemosho Glades, the starting point for this longer and more remote trek. Londorossi Gate is about 95 kilometres from Moshi and is an excellent option for trekkers looking for a less crowded and more scenic route.
4. Rongai Gate: Rongai Gate is the entry point for the Rongai Route, which approaches Kilimanjaro from the northern side. It is closest to the Rongai Camp, the first campsite on this less-travelled route. Rongai Gate is located near the village of Nalemoru, about 70 kilometres from Moshi. The Rongai Route is an excellent choice for trekkers who prefer a quieter and more off-the-beaten-path experience.
5. Umbwe Gate: Umbwe Gate serves as the starting point for the Umbwe Route, known for its steep and challenging ascent. It is closest to the Umbwe Caves, the first camping site on this demanding route. Umbwe Gate is about 50 kilometres from Moshi and is recommended for experienced trekkers seeking a more technical and adventurous climb.
6. Mweka Gate: Mweka Gate is the exit point for trekkers descending Mount Kilimanjaro after completing their journey. It is closest to the Mweka Camp, the last camping site for trekkers on most routes. Mweka Gate is approximately 45 kilometres from Moshi.
7. Lemosho Gate: Lemosho Gate is one of the entry points to Kilimanjaro National Park, located about 95 kilometres from Moshi town. It provides access to the Lemosho Route, a challenging and less crowded trek known for its scenic and diverse landscapes.

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Things to do in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

1. Mountain Climbing

Mountain Climbing involves ascending Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak, situated in Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. The park offers multiple routes for climbers, such as Marangu, Machame, (Read More)Lemosho, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe. The duration of the climb typically ranges from 5 to 9 days, depending on the chosen route. Climbers can expect a challenging hike through various terrains, including rainforests, heath, moorland, and glaciers, leading to the summit with breathtaking views. For the best experience, it is advisable to start the climb early in the morning to take advantage of cooler temperatures and avoid cloud cover in the afternoons.

2. Mountain Cycling

Mountain Cycling allows visitors to explore Kilimanjaro National Park on rugged terrains using bicycles. The park offers various trails suitable for mountain cycling, with routes varying in difficulty (Read More) and length. The duration of rides can range from a couple of hours to full-day expeditions. Participants can expect an exciting cycling experience amidst the park's scenic beauty. For the best mountain cycling experience, it is recommended to embark on the activity during the morning hours when the weather is pleasant.

3. Game Drive

Game Drive is a wildlife viewing safari conducted by vehicle within Kilimanjaro National Park. The park offers designated game drive routes, and excursions can last half a day to a full day. During th (Read More)e game drive, participants can expect abundant wildlife sightings, such as elephants, buffalo, giraffes, and diverse bird species. The best time for game drives is early morning and late afternoon when wildlife is most active.

4. Nature Walking Safaris

Nature Walking Safaris are guided walks through the park's nature trails. Kilimanjaro National Park offers short and easy trails for nature walks, with the duration ranging from a few hours to half a (Read More)day. During these walks, visitors can immerse themselves in nature, observe wildlife, and enjoy the scenery. For the best experience, it is recommended to go on nature walks during the morning or late afternoon when the weather is pleasant and wildlife is more active.

5. Long Walking Safaris

Long Walking Safaris provide more extended and immersive experiences within Kilimanjaro National Park. These safaris cover various trails and last multiple days, depending on the chosen package. Parti (Read More)cipants can expect an in-depth exploration of the park's diverse landscapes and wildlife. Morning and late afternoon are the best times for long walking safaris, as they offer the most rewarding experiences.

6. Mawenzi Technical Climbing

Mawenzi Technical Climbing involves technical climbing on Mount Kilimanjaro's Mawenzi Peak, within Kilimanjaro National Park. Climbers can choose from different routes with varying levels of difficult (Read More)y. The duration of the climb depends on the chosen route and climbing skills. Participants can expect a challenging and technical ascent with breathtaking views from Mawenzi Peak. For a safer climb and better visibility, it is advisable to start early in the morning.

7. Kibo Peak

Kibo Peak is the highest summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, located within Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania. It is reached through various climbing routes, including Marangu, Machame, Lemosho, Rongai, (Read More)Shira, and Umbwe. The ascent usually takes 5 to 9 days, depending on the chosen route. The climb is challenging and involves navigating diverse terrains, such as rainforests, heath, moorland, and glaciers, with rewarding views from the summit. To avoid cloud cover, early morning starts are advised.

8. Shira Plateau

Shira Plateau is a high-altitude plateau situated on the southwestern slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, accessible through climbing routes like Machame or Lemosho. The duration of reaching the plateau vari (Read More)es based on the climbing route. Climbers often spend a night or two at Shira Plateau to acclimatize and appreciate the unique landscapes and diverse flora. Climbing during the dry seasons is recommended for the best experience.

9. Mawenzi Peak

Mawenzi Peak is the second-highest peak on Mount Kilimanjaro, forming a distinct volcanic cone within Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. Accessible through routes like Rongai or Mawenzi Tarn, climbe (Read More)rs usually spend a night at Mawenzi Tarn camp to acclimatize and enjoy the rugged landscapes and views. Proper acclimatization and fitness are essential, and the Rongai route offers a less crowded experience.

10. Chala Crater Lake

Chala Crater Lake is a turquoise-coloured caldera lake located near the eastern boundary of Kilimanjaro National Park. Accessible by road, visitors can hike around the crater rim, go birdwatching, and (Read More), if allowed, swim in the lake. The visit can be a few hours or a half-day trip, with early morning or late afternoon recommended for pleasant weather and better lighting for photography.

11. Uhuru Peak

Uhuru Peak is the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro, located within Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. Climbers can reach Uhuru Peak by choosing various authorized routes, such as Marangu, Machame, (Read More) Lemosho, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe. The ascent usually takes 5 to 9 days, depending on the chosen route. Climbers can expect a challenging hike through different terrains, including rainforests, heath, moorland, and glaciers, with breathtaking views from the summit. To enjoy better weather and visibility, starting the climb early in the morning is recommended.

12. Montane Forest

The Montane Forest is a lush and biodiverse forest zone on the lower slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro. It is accessible through various climbing routes or nature trails in the park. Activities include natu (Read More)re walks and trekking, offering opportunities to observe wildlife and birdlife. Early mornings and late afternoons are ideal for walks to observe wildlife in its most active state.

13. Lauwo Waterfall

Lauwo Waterfall is a beautiful waterfall located on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, near the Kenyan border. Accessible by hiking or with local guides, visitors can enjoy hiking and nature photography (Read More). Early morning or late afternoon is suggested to avoid crowds and have better lighting for photography.

14. Marangu Waterfall

Marangu Waterfall is a picturesque waterfall near the Marangu Gate, the starting point for many Kilimanjaro climbs. Accessible through a short walk from the Marangu Gate, visitors can enjoy the scener (Read More)y and take photographs. Spending a couple of hours allows time for a relaxed visit.

15. Maundi Crater

Maundi Crater is a small volcanic caldera offering panoramic views of Mount Kilimanjaro, situated on the slopes of the mountain. Accessible through a short hike from the Marangu Gate, visitors can enj (Read More)oy hiking and photography. Early morning or late afternoon is recommended for pleasant weather and better lighting.

16. Olpopongi Maasai Village

Olpopongi Maasai Village is an authentic Maasai village located near Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. To reach the village, visitors can use local transportation or guided tours from nearby towns. (Read More) The village offers cultural tours and interactions with the Maasai community, where visitors can learn about their traditional customs, lifestyle, and crafts.

17. Zebra Rock

Zebra Rock is a unique rock formation located within Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. To reach Zebra Rock, visitors can access it by trekking on specific trails in the park. The rock formation res (Read More)embles zebra stripes, giving it its name. Nature enthusiasts and photographers can enjoy exploring and capturing the striking patterns of Zebra Rock. Early morning or late afternoon visits provide the best lighting for photography and a more comfortable climate.

18. Bird Watching

Bird Watching involves observing the diverse birdlife in Kilimanjaro National Park, especially in the montane forests. Birdwatching opportunities exist throughout the park, and guided trips typically (Read More)last half a day to a full day. Visitors can expect to spot numerous bird species, including sunbirds, turacos, and the rare Abbott's starling. Early mornings are ideal for birdwatching as birds are most active during this time.

19. Paragliding

Paragliding is a recreational flying sport where participants glide through the air using a parachute-like wing. This activity is usually organized around Moshi or Arusha, near Kilimanjaro National Pa (Read More)rk. Paragliding routes vary based on wind conditions and takeoff sites. Individual flights typically last between 15 to 30 minutes. Participants can expect a thrilling experience with panoramic views of Mount Kilimanjaro and the surrounding landscapes. Early mornings or late afternoons are the best times for paragliding as wind conditions are generally more favorable during these times.

Must Know Before You Travel to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

  • Timings: All entrance gates to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park are open throughout the year. Plan your climb during the park's open hours, typically from around 07:00 AM to 08:00 AM till 04:00 PM to 06:00 PM.
  • Prior Booking: Book a licensed guide in advance or upon arrival as climbing Kilimanjaro requires a guide.
  • Registration: Ensure you register at the park's gates before starting your hike and use authorized tour operators to pay for park fees.
  • Document Verification: Prepare necessary documents like passport, visa, passport and visa, itinerary as proof for your safari to Mt. Kilimanjaro, proof of use of a registered tour guide, proof of resources to assist you on your safari and stay in Kilimanjaro such as porter, tent, food, etc.
  • Physical Fitness: Make sure you are physically fit before planning the trek and acclimatize properly to reduce the risk of altitude sickness.
  • Hiking Gear: Bring your own hiking gear for a comfortable and safe climb.
  • Food Considerations: Check the reputation of your tour operator to ensure a decent quality of food during the trek. Consider carrying high-energy snacks and easy-to-cook meals to supplement rations which can be cooked and eaten at the conclusion of the trek.
  • Mobile Coverage: Some mobile coverage like Vodacom, Tigo and Airtel are available on the summit. But make sure to carry portable chargers for access.
  • Vaccinations: Ensure you have recommended vaccinations for yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid, polio, and hepatitis. Take anti-malaria prophylactics and altitude sickness medicine.

More on Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Travel

Wildlife in Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

In Mount Kilimanjaro National Park, you can find a variety of animals that belong to the iconic African savanna fauna, such as elephants, buffalos, giraffes, zebras, wildebeests, elands, and warthogs. The park's unique ecosystems also support different primate species, including blue monkeys, colobus monkeys, bush babies, and baboons. Additionally, you can come across unique animals like serval cats, aardvarks, tree hyraxes, duikers, white-tailed mongooses, and marsh mongooses. The park is also home to fascinating chameleon species like the three-horned Jackson's chameleon and the smaller two-horned Dwarf Fischer's chameleon. Moreover, birdwatchers will be delighted with the impressive avian population, including white-necked ravens, sunbirds, turacos, hornbills, eagles, and various raptors.

History of Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park's history dates back to the colonial era when the British established a forest reserve around Mount Kilimanjaro in 1910, later expanding it in 1921 and 1929. In 1973, the Tanzanian government upgraded the reserve to a national park to safeguard the mountain's natural beauty, ecosystems, and surrounding flora and fauna. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, the park now attracts visitors globally who seek to experience stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and the challenge of climbing Africa's highest peak.

Best Time to Visit Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

How to Reach Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

How to Reach Overview

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park can be easily accessed by air or road. For those travelling by air, the most convenient option is to fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport, which is located about 77 kilometres from the park. From there, you can take a taxi or private transfer to the park, with a travel time of approximately 1 to 2 hours. If you prefer the road to travel, the park is around 116 kilometres from Arusha and takes about 2 to 2.5 hours by car, or approximately 44 kilometres from Moshi, with a travel time of 1 to 1.5 hours by road.

How to reach Mount Kilimanjaro National Park by flight

The most convenient way is to fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport which is located approximately 77 kilometres from the park. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a private transfer to the park, which takes about 1 to 2 hours.
There are flights from all major countries to the Kilimanjaro International Airport. When flying within Tanzania and neighbouring countries like Kenya, you can book your flights from Kenya Airways and Coastal Aviation.

How to reach Mount Kilimanjaro National Park by road

From Arusha, the park is approximately 116 kilometres to the Marangu Gate, the main entry point to Kilimanjaro National Park. The journey typically takes around 2 to 2.5 hours by car. Alternatively, if you are coming from Moshi, it's around 44 kilometres to the park and takes approximately 1 to 1.5 hours by road.

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