The historical places of Assam show consistency with contemporary events in mainland India and have been clearly documented since the 1st century AD. It was known as Kamarupa and ruled by subsidiaries of North Indian rulers. The 13th century saw invasions from the North and East by Delhi-based Islamic rulers and the Chinese army. The Ahoms ruled Assam at the time when Mughals were presiding over the rest of India and were deposed by the advent of the British in 1826. After independence, few parts of Assam became part of East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) and the present day state of Assam was formed in 1962 as various states of the Northeast were carved out of it.
Here is the list of 11 Historical Places in Assam For A Stunning Heritage Tour
The word 'Powa' means 1/4th and hence, Powa Mecca figuratively refers to having some of the sanctity of Mecca. The tomb of Pir Giasuddin Auliya, a pioneer of Islam is located here. The Powa Mecca is located near the Madhava temple. It was constructed by Mir Lutufullah-i-Shiraji in 1657, during the rule of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. It is also believed that the foundation of the Mosque here was laid with the soil that was brought from Mecca.
Often referred to as the 'Colosseum of the East', Rang Ghar is one of the oldest surviving amphitheatres of Asia. It is located near Rangpur Palace at a distance of 3 km from Sibsagar town. The name translates to 'House of Entertainment' and dates back to 1746 A.D. when the Ahoms used to rule present-day Assam. This monument is an important historical place in Assam reflecting the architectural precision and grandeur of that time.
The Talatal Ghar or the Rangpur Palace is situated in the northern region of Assam and is one of the most impressive of Tai Ahom architecture. Not only does it stand as a worthy testament to the vibrant Assamese culture and its rich history, but it is also the largest of all Ahom monuments in the entire world. This historical place in Assam is known for its architecture. Boasting of a typical Mughal architecture style, the upper ground floor of the Talatal Ghar is popularly known as Kareng Ghar and was used by as a live-in palace by the royalty of Assam.
The chances of an average person knowing about Surya Pahar are quite low. This relatively unknown site near Goalpara in Assam is high on archaeological value. Calling it an Archaeologist's gold mine won't be an overstatement. Surya Pahar translates to 'Hill Of The Sun' in English. The name implies that the site was associated with the cult of sun worship. The archaeological findings discovered from the area are kept in the local museum. This is an exciting historical place in Assam that will truly transport you back in time.
If you are visiting Darang, do visit Satras to witness the unique and rich culture that solely belongs to Assam. Similar to monasteries in structure, Satras were established by Sankardeva and later by his followers. Apart from practising the philosophy of Bhagawatee Baishnav here, it also presents plethora of art forms that were and are being nourished here, Satriyaa Art being one of them. There are two Satras in Darang: Khatara Stra, one of the oldest and situated 22kms from Mangaldai in Dilipa and Dihing Satra, 45 kms from Mangaldai in Kurua.
It is located 20 km from Silchar. Here you can find the ruins of a great Dimasa kingdom. The main attractions are the Lion Gate, the Sun Gate and aged old kings temple. The original palace is in a state of non-existence, but its subsidiaries, the main entrance gate, the `Suryadwar`, `Debalaya` are still there intact. The entrances are of intricate elephant-patterns.
Located 28 km away from Sibsagar, this was the capital of Ahom dynasty. This historical place in Assam was built by Sukhapa, the founder of the Ahom dynasty. The main attraction of Charaideo is its burial vaults (or maidans) of the king and members of the Ahom dynasty. These vaults built of stones and bricks are in ruins today.
Sukapha Samannay Kshetra was constructed in the memory of Sukapha, the first Ahom king of Assam. An excavation is undergoing here hoping to find remains of the Ahom Kingdom.
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Which of these historical places in Assam have you visited? Let us know in the comments below!