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Eastern Cemetery, Cairo Overview

Situated on the eastern side of the Queen’s Pyramids is the Eastern Cemetery of Giza. The Cemetery, being a burial place for most of the members of King Khufu’s family, has been a centre of attraction for the entire world. One of the reasons behind this is the large tomb structures made out of limestone challenging present-day technology. Another reason is the carvings made inside the Mastaba structures. Some of these structures even have multiple rooms inside them. On your visit to the Eastern Cemetery, one is sure to appreciate and awe at both the architecture and beauty of the place. Although the local authorities have kept some of the tombs closed for public visits since the last few years, the Tomb of Meresankh III and the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV are open for tourists. The walls and the aura of the place speak for itself and the glorious Egyptian Civilization, experiencing which one is sure to jot it down in their travel diaries.

Architecture of Eastern Cemetery

The tombs in the Eastern Cemetery have been arranged in seven rows, each tomb having a different size. The largest Mastaba belongs to Prince Ankh–haf and is located on the north-east corner of the Cemetery. Further, the Tomb of Meresankh III can be found on the eastern side of the place.
On the other corner of the Eastern Cemetery, the burial shaft of Queen Hetepheres can be found. The southern portion of the Cemetery contains the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV. The place also consists of other Mastabas and Tombs, such as the Mastaba of Qar, the Tomb of Idu and the Tomb of Nefermaat.

Eastern Cemetery, Cairo
Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Mastabas-est-kh%C3%A9ops.jpg


Out of these, only the Tomb of Meresankh III and the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV can be visited from inside. Going inside the Tomb of Meresankh III, one may feel fascinated by the carvings on the walls. Depicting scenarios of daily life from ancient Egypt, such as craftsmanship, farming etc. along with frescoes of Meresankh III’s family are a visual treat for the visitors. Carved deer on the walls of the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV is another thing to be remembered as part of your trip to Cairo.

Tomb of Qar

Situated on the east of the Pyramid of Hetepheres I lies the Mastaba of Qar. Present day, one cannot observe the huge structure of the Mastaba since the structure above the ground got crumbled up to pieces gradually over these years. One may find a flight of stairs going down to an underground hall, where many hieroglyphs can be found. Statues of Qar can also be observed as seated at a table to received offerings from the people.
It is believed that Qar was appointed at several critical positions during the Pharaonic period. This includes the position of “Overseer of the Pyramid towns of Khufu and Menkaure”, “Inspector of wab-priests of the Pyramid of Khafre”, and the “Tenant of the Pyramid of Pepy I”. From different events at different stages from the life of Qar to his funeral procession, the walls of the Tomb of Qar showcase everything about one of the key figures of the Egyptian civilization.

Tomb of Queen Meresankh III

One who was named as the ‘Daughter of the King’, and married to Khafre, the tomb of Queen Meresankh III is a large and beautiful double storey Mastaba, situated south of the huge tomb of Prince Ankh-haf. The entrance stairway of the tomb leads to a large chamber of the tomb which depicts many beautiful rites and rituals performed in the ancient times.

Sarcophagus of Queen Meresankh III
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MeresankhII-Sarcophagus_MuseumOfFineArtsBoston.png


Out of the many paintings and illustrations present inside the tomb, people may observe illustrations showcasing many men carving the funerary sarcophagus and the false door for entrance to the tomb. Gold workers can be observed smelting gold and making a palanquin of it. Images of priests or scribes can also be seen on the walls of the tomb. All in all, the place is bound to take you back to the golden days of Egypt by means of the carvings and paintings inside the Tomb.

Sightseeing near the Eastern Cemetery

People visiting the Eastern Cemetery may also spare time and visit the Sphinx as well as the three Pyramids of Giza. If time permits, a trip to the Queen’s Pyramids can also be added to your sightseeing list.

Activities to Perform at Eastern Cemetery

One may book themselves a camel ride or horse ride across the premises of the nearby situated Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. Locals owning camels and horses can be spotted easily, and you may book your ride for the same by approaching them directly. Bouncing on the double-humped Arabian camels is sure to be one of the most amazing experiences of your lives! If you feel uncomfortable riding the camel, you may hop on to one of the horses and take the ride.

Shopping at Eastern Cemetery

People visiting the Eastern Cemetery can buy different types of souvenirs from the local vendors present near the Cemetery and the Pyramids.

How to reach Eastern Cemetery

The only way to reach the Eastern Cemetery is via road transportation. Since the Eastern Cemetery are situated on the outskirts of Giza city, it is advised to reach there either through your personal vehicle or through a taxi/ cab.

Tips to Remember

  • Carry plenty of water due to high temperatures during daytime;
  • Wear Sports Shoes;
  • Avoid photography inside the Cemetery;
  • Wear light and comfortable clothing;
  • In case you are a Student, carry your Student ID to avail discount on Entrance Fee.

Interesting Facts

The Eastern Cemetery consists of Tombs and Mastabas of key Egyptian ruling families from 4th, 5th and 6th Dynasties.

Read More on Eastern Cemetery

Tips to Remember

  • Carry plenty of water due to high temperatures during daytime;
  • Wear Sports Shoes;
  • Avoid photography inside the Cemetery;
  • Wear light and comfortable clothing;
  • In case you are a Student, carry your Student ID to avail discount on Entrance Fee.

Activities to Perform at Eastern Cemetery

One may book themselves a camel ride or horse ride across the premises of the nearby situated Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. Locals owning camels and horses can be spotted easily, and you may book your ride for the same by approaching them directly. Bouncing on the double-humped Arabian camels is sure to be one of the most amazing experiences of your lives! If you feel uncomfortable riding the camel, you may hop on to one of the horses and take the ride.

Tomb of Queen Meresankh III

One who was named as the ‘Daughter of the King’, and married to Khafre, the tomb of Queen Meresankh III is a large and beautiful double storey Mastaba, situated south of the huge tomb of Prince Ankh-haf. The entrance stairway of the tomb leads to a large chamber of the tomb which depicts many beautiful rites and rituals performed in the ancient times.

Sarcophagus of Queen Meresankh III
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MeresankhII-Sarcophagus_MuseumOfFineArtsBoston.png


Out of the many paintings and illustrations present inside the tomb, people may observe illustrations showcasing many men carving the funerary sarcophagus and the false door for entrance to the tomb. Gold workers can be observed smelting gold and making a palanquin of it. Images of priests or scribes can also be seen on the walls of the tomb. All in all, the place is bound to take you back to the golden days of Egypt by means of the carvings and paintings inside the Tomb.

Shopping at Eastern Cemetery

People visiting the Eastern Cemetery can buy different types of souvenirs from the local vendors present near the Cemetery and the Pyramids.

Sightseeing near the Eastern Cemetery

People visiting the Eastern Cemetery may also spare time and visit the Sphinx as well as the three Pyramids of Giza. If time permits, a trip to the Queen’s Pyramids can also be added to your sightseeing list.

Tomb of Qar

Situated on the east of the Pyramid of Hetepheres I lies the Mastaba of Qar. Present day, one cannot observe the huge structure of the Mastaba since the structure above the ground got crumbled up to pieces gradually over these years. One may find a flight of stairs going down to an underground hall, where many hieroglyphs can be found. Statues of Qar can also be observed as seated at a table to received offerings from the people.
It is believed that Qar was appointed at several critical positions during the Pharaonic period. This includes the position of “Overseer of the Pyramid towns of Khufu and Menkaure”, “Inspector of wab-priests of the Pyramid of Khafre”, and the “Tenant of the Pyramid of Pepy I”. From different events at different stages from the life of Qar to his funeral procession, the walls of the Tomb of Qar showcase everything about one of the key figures of the Egyptian civilization.

Interesting Facts

The Eastern Cemetery consists of Tombs and Mastabas of key Egyptian ruling families from 4th, 5th and 6th Dynasties.

How to reach Eastern Cemetery

The only way to reach the Eastern Cemetery is via road transportation. Since the Eastern Cemetery are situated on the outskirts of Giza city, it is advised to reach there either through your personal vehicle or through a taxi/ cab.

Architecture of Eastern Cemetery

The tombs in the Eastern Cemetery have been arranged in seven rows, each tomb having a different size. The largest Mastaba belongs to Prince Ankh–haf and is located on the north-east corner of the Cemetery. Further, the Tomb of Meresankh III can be found on the eastern side of the place.
On the other corner of the Eastern Cemetery, the burial shaft of Queen Hetepheres can be found. The southern portion of the Cemetery contains the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV. The place also consists of other Mastabas and Tombs, such as the Mastaba of Qar, the Tomb of Idu and the Tomb of Nefermaat.

Eastern Cemetery, Cairo
Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Mastabas-est-kh%C3%A9ops.jpg


Out of these, only the Tomb of Meresankh III and the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV can be visited from inside. Going inside the Tomb of Meresankh III, one may feel fascinated by the carvings on the walls. Depicting scenarios of daily life from ancient Egypt, such as craftsmanship, farming etc. along with frescoes of Meresankh III’s family are a visual treat for the visitors. Carved deer on the walls of the Tomb of Seshemnufer IV is another thing to be remembered as part of your trip to Cairo.

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