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Bahla

4.3 /5

Weather:

Best Time: October – May Read More

Ideal duration: 1 day

Nearest Airport: Muscat International Airport Check Flights

"A Reconstructed Heritage Town"

Bahla Tourism

The first-ever Omani town to be declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site, Bahla is a small Oasis settlement situated in the Dakhliya region of Oman. Although the settlement is constituted of traditional vernacular houses, the fortification wall, a market, the Falaj system and a mosque, it is most popular for the Bahla fort. It is one of the oldest forts in Oman tracing back to the 13th century. The small town is also popular for its pottery and silver artefacts sold in the old souq. 

Bahla has been an interesting part of many Arabic legends. It is a popular belief that Bahla was where the birth of Jinn (black magic) took place. Bahla is a fine example of a fortified oasis settlement of the medieval Islamic period. It’s a representation of a defensive architectural ensemble that enabled dominant tribes to achieve prosperity in the desert during medieval times. A spectacular view of the entire oasis settlement with palm groves can be caught from the Western side, near the Jabrin entrance. There is also a weekly sale of cattle happening at the old souq where everyone from the town gathers to sell their cattle.

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Places to Visit in Bahla

1. Bahla Fort

Bahla Fort, Oman
Source
Bahla fort is a fine example of a defensive complex engineered to enable the tribes settled there to survive, prosper and carry out their trade during the medieval Islamic period. It was built in the 13th century. The fort had come under the threat of losing its authenticity as many modern ways of restorations were being used. Now the fort is thriving more than ever and is the major attraction of the Bahla oasis settlement. It is also one of the largest forts in Oman. The fort has a reputation among the locals for hosting paranormal activities during the night time. This does not come as a shock as Bahla is believed to be the birthplace of Black Magic.
Timings:
Saturdays to Thursdays - 8:30 AM to 4:00 PM 
Fridays - 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM
2. Jabrin Castle

Jabrin Castle, Bahla
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The beautiful castle of Jabrin is located 5 kms to the southwest of Bahla. It was the residence of Imam Sultan bin Saif Al Ya'arubi during the late 15th century. It was also the centre for studying medicine, astrology and Islam. Interiors of the castle are decorated with intricate carvings and paintings on the ceilings. There are many ornamental flowers decorating the interiors of the Jabrin Castle. The tomb of Imam Sultan bin Saif Al Ya'arubi is also enclosed within the fort.

3. Saint Mosques

Sultan Qaboos Mosque, Bahla, Oman
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Located off Highway 21 along a dirt road are three old mosques in an ancient cemetery marked by the tombs of ancient Sufi hermits.

4. Old Bahla Souq

Old Bahla Souq, Bahla, Oman
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The old souq is right across the main road that leads to the fort. There are a number of shops here selling mostly pottery items, silver artefacts and other traditional handcrafted items.

History of Bahla

The Oasis settlement of Bahla was inhabited and prospered by the tribe Banu Nabhan from 12th century to 15th century. They were the ones handling trade at that time in the area. Their trade was in frankincense, the aromatic gum which was once considered more precious than gold. Bahla was made their second capital after Nizwa during the first period of the dynasty, and then it was made the first capital during the second period. Bahla is also the birthplace of Ibadism, a branch of Islam.

Construction and Restoration of Bahla

The materials used in the original construction of the settlement are nothing but mud and unbaked bricks standing on a stone foundation. It is believed that the Bahla fort has undergone many restorations over the years as and when different tribes and rulers took over the town. In 1987, it was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

But soon in 1988, it was added to the danger list as the heritage site faced the threat of losing its authenticity due to the usage of modern materials and modern ways of restoration. In 2004, it was taken off the danger list following a restoration process that lasted for about 2 decades. The entire oasis is watered through the Falaj system.

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Holidify's Opinion

What's Great?

Heritage

What's Not So Great?

Amenities

For Whom?

Culture enthusiasts, historians, heritage enthusiasts, archaeologists.

How To Reach Bahla

The nearest airport to Bahla is the Muscat International Airport which is 187 kms in distance. There are frequent buses from Muscat (Ruwi) for Ibri and Buriami that pass Nizwa and Bahla. It is best to hire a taxi or arrive on your own wheels. There are taxi services from Nizwa as well.

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