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Jama Masjid, Aurangabad Overview

One of the oldest standing mosques of Aurangabad is the Jama Masjid located near the Killa Arrak. Known for its grand Islamic architecture, the Masjid looks magnificent in every way. This is the largest and the central mosque in Aurangabad, built in the Mughal period which has been restored to its original form by the Archaeological Survey of India.

The mosque, extended by Aurangzeb shortly after Aurangabad was founded is historically significant and a must-visit for the history and architecture buffs. Those seeking peace and tranquillity can also visit Jama Masjid and become a part of the large scale prayers taking place while admiring the beautiful white-coloured humongous structure of the masjid, the open ward and the minarets.

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Architecture of Jama Masjid

The Jama Masjid in Aurangabad has some distinguishing architectural features such as the five rows of ten polygonal pillars, connected by a system of 9 arches. The building has 27 equal compartments, each covered by a small and elegant domical vault. 5 out of the 9 arches were erected by Malik Amber. There is a spacious court in front of the mosque, which has open buildings on three sides for tourists. There is also a water tank in the middle of the court, in which the water is provided from the Malik Amber canal.

History

After he found Kharaki in 1610 AD, Malik Amber built the Jama Masjid in Aurangabad and was succeeded by his son, Fateh Khan who renamed Kharaki to Fatehnagar. Fatehnagar was captured by Mughals when they attacked Daulatabad. In 1653 AD, Mughal emperor made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed it as Aurangabad. He also built Killa Arrak Fort, inside the walls of which stood the mosque of Jama Masjid. Having realized the architectural values of the mosque, he extended it and constructed four arches in its front portion along with groves, sleek minarets and inscribed lines from Quran on a broad band.

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