Aurangabad was named after the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb and was considered a strong strategic point for a long time. Post that, it came under the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad till it came under the Indian Union. For the same reason, there is no dearth of historical places in Aurangabad. The city literally is dotted with tombs and mosques and shrines and forts and not to forget caves. Some of these historical places are also UNESCO World Heritage sites and are visited by tourists from all over India and beyond. Boasting of the rich culture and the glorious past, these historical places stand as testimony to the vibrant history of the country. Some of these historical places in Aurangabad, especially the caves are currently in ruins but still they radiate with splendour and glory. Check out the amazing historical places given below!
Here is the list of 23 Historical Places in Aurangabad for a Peak into the Past
Located around 99 km from the town of Aurangabad, lie the Ajanta Caves now included in the list of UNESCO World heritage Sites. Ajanta caves depict the Buddhist culture and their stories through various sculptures and paintings. This historical place in Aurangabad also takes you to the world of Jatakas.
Having a striking resemblance to Taj Mahal, the Bibi ka Maqbara is a beautiful mausoleum of Rabia- Ul - Daurani alias Dilras Banu Begum, the wife of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Bibi ka Maqbara was constructed by Aurangzeb in the year 1661 in the memory of his wife. Aurangzeb attributed this magnificent edifice in the name of his son Azam Shah who was born in the year 1653, so as to commemorate Rabia - Ul - Daurani, who left for her heavenly abode in the year 1657.
Located 15 km away from the main city of Aurangabad, Daulatabad Fort is an ancient fortification that rises formidably from the midst of verdant greenery. Often hailed as one of the 'seven wonders of Maharashtra', this architectural marvel is believed to have been built in the 12th century.
Located on a roughly running hill, Aurangabad caves are the twelve rock-cut Buddhist shrines. A true architectural wonder with a deep history is attached to these caves. The beauty of ancient culture lives in this historical place in Aurangabad. The Aurangabad Caves were dug out of comparatively soft basalt rock during the 6th and 7th century. They are rightly described as a "Sensitive remaking of life situated in time and space span".
Hazrat Baba Shah Musafir built Panchakki, a water mill, in 1734. Situated in the vibrant city of Aurangabad, Nehar-e-Panchakki was used to grind grains for the pilgrims. It is essentially a grinding mill that works on water mechanism. The entire structure of Panchakki primarily consists of a court, a madrasa, the house of a minister, a mosque, houses dedicated to females and a sarai. This is a very popular and frequently visited spot in Aurangabad. Surrounded in hues of blue and shades of green, this historical place in Aurangabad acts like a perfect picnic spot for a family and an outing with friends.
The Dargah was built in the memory of Pir Ismail, a tutor to the then Mughal ruler, Aurangzeb. The gate is regal in its form and it has a large pointed archway, which forms a sort of portico. The Dargah as a small entrance and is built in intricate style which consists of a Parapet, facade, terrace and a dome.
An elaborate palace with 4 entrances, this structure was built on the Mughal king, Aurangzeb's order. The throne room of Aurangzeb can be found here. It also has a Nakarkhana for musicians. The Dabar hall and the Jumma Masjid are the only parts of the palace to remain and are still of some great interest at this historical place in Aurangabad.
Bhadra Maruti is one of the three shrines in India where the idol of the presiding deity, Lord Hanuman, is seen in the Bhav Samadhi or the sleeping posture. The shrine is often associated to the King of Bhadravati, Bhadrasen who was an ardent devotee of Hanuman and is thronged with devotees on special occasions like Ramnavami and Hanuman Jayanti.
Unlike several grand tombs built in the memory of Mughal Emperors, the Tomb of Aurangzeb is an unmarked grave at the Dargah of his spiritual guru, Sheikh Zainuddin. It is said that it was Aurangzeb's wish to be buried near the dargah. A British Statesman, Lord Curzon, tidied the place with marble as a mark of respect for the Emperor.
Dedicated to the 23rd Teerthankara, Chintamani Parshwanath, the Jain Temple is considered to be religiously important. It is said that the idol of the presiding deity was found in a basement about 250 years ago and is believed to possess magical powers. Therefore, the region is often referred to as "Atishaya Kshetra" which means the place with magical powers.
Dargah Baba Shah Musafir is a 17th century memorial built by Emperor Aurangzeb in the honour of Baba Shah Musafir who was the spiritual teacher of the emperor. The memorial complex houses a tombstone of Baba Shah Musafir, a mosque, a beautiful garden and a mesmerising fountain. The ambience created in the beautiful complex is extremely tranquil and inviting.
Pitalkhora group of caves is a 3rd century rock cut Buddhist cave complex with 14 caves. The complex was meticulously carved in basalt and has Viharas and Chaityas belonging to the Hinayana Period. Paintings belonging to the Mahayana Period are also found here. These caves have helped the archaeologists significantly in establishing the chronology of the Ajanta Ellora Caves.
Hazur Sahib is one of the five thrones of temporal authority in the Sikh culture. Located on the banks of River Godavari, the complex was built during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh around 1833 and houses a Gurudwara known as Sach Khand which is a pristine monument built on the site where Guru Gobind Singh was cremated.
Himayat Bagh is a mesmerising 400-acre garden built in the 17th century during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Amidst the lush green lawns, Himayat Bagh houses a pool and a stunning nursery where one can find a variety of flora. The garden is now also a part of Marathwada University and has a Fruit Research Station.