Winter is the best time to visit North East India
Brahmaputra Valley Semi Evergreen Forests
Brahmaputra Valley Semi Evergreen Forests is a tropical moist forest encompassing the states of north eastern India, southern Bhutan and northern Myanmar. The region is formed in the alluvial plains of the ascending Brahmaputra river as it crosses Assam and touches small areas of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Since the flooding river gets huge amount of fertile soil in the plains, the soil is ideal of farming. But that also means, that the extensive farming in the area has lead to the reduction of the evergreen forests as the trees have to be regularly felled for farming purposes. However, despite the abandoning flora and depleting forest cover, a large variety of animals and wildlife thrive in the region. The area also has a rich avifauna habitat including two endangered species of birds- Manipuri Bush Quail and marsh blabber. The region also has several protected areas for the remaining wildlife, flora and fauna.
Best Time to Visit
The region receives a hot and humid summer which lasts for a short time from April to June. The temperature range between 32 - 36 degrees. Due to the humidity and discomfort, people usually tend not to visit in the season. However, the tourist offseason might give you cheap deals on the hotels and homestays. Monsoon season begin by the end of June and lasts till October. The temperature stays between 26 - 32 degrees, but the area receives heavy rainfall and the Brahmaputra plains get flooded. This will be an unsuitable time to take a trip in this region. The weather stays considerably humid and unpleasant and there are risks of landslides on the hills.
The best time to visit the Brahmaputra Valley in the North-East is the winter season. The climate is pleasant cool with the lowest temperature being 6 degrees. The weather is slightly cold with the blowing of the cool breeze and wind. Light woollens are ideal for the season, the region gets a little foggy and experience light rain showers occasionally but it gets all the more pretty and enlivening.
Eastern Himalayan Broadleaf Forests
The eastern himalayan broadleaf forests are temperate forest ecosystem found in the middle altitude mountain ranges of the Himalayas spread over Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim in India. Starting from the Kali Gandaki river region in Nepal and expanding over to Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, the forests are basically of the Himalayan subtropical pine and Himalayan subtropical broadleaf kind. At higher elevations, the forests transition into Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. The evergreen and deciduous forest type sustain a rich wildlife and an extensive variety of flora, fauna and avifauna. Consisting of diverse variety of both flowering and medicinal plants, the region boasts of being a habitat to more than 500 species of avifauna which migrate to the higher mountains during the hot summer. The area also receives a heavy rainfall going up to as high as 2000 mm.
Best Time to Visit
When visiting Sikkim, summers are considered the best time when the temperature remains between 5 and 25 degree celsius. However, winters are ideal if you want to explore the place covered in snow. However, monsoons are considered unsuitable a time to take a trip because the area receives a heavy rainfall and there are higher risks of landslides due to the slippery roads and deforestation. But, in case you are just planning a trip to Arunachal Pradesh, summers are not too pleasant because the temperature shoots up to 35 degrees making the climate hot and humid. Monsoons are slightly better with light rain showers. But sometimes the weather shocks with heavy thunders and torrential rains. It is best to visit Arunachal in the winters. The minimum temperature falls to 15 degree celsius and the climate is cool and pleasant.
Eastern Himalayan Subalpine Coniferous Forests
The eastern himalayan subalpine coniferous forests are temperate coniferous forests occupying the middle and upper elevations of Himalayas and southeastern Tibetan plateau. In India, the forest can be found only in the eastern Arunachal Pradesh. The lower elevation are called eastern Himalayan broadleaf forest and are found in the “inner valleys” meaning the valleys which are shielded from the south Asian heavy rainfall but still receives just enough rain to thrive. At higher altitudes, the forests transition into Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows and Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows.
Best Time to Visit
The ideal time to visit these forests in Arunachal Pradesh is during winter season from October to March when the weather is pleasant and the climate is cool. The lowest temperature observed is 15 degree celsius on an average. The region can also be visited during monsoons with some rains and humidity. However, it is inadvisable to visit the region in the summer season as the climate is very hot and humid and unpleasant.
India–Myanmar Pine Forests
India-Myanmar Pine Forests are a subtropical coniferous forest range in the northeastern area of India and expanding over to the neighbouring nation of Myanmar. The forests start from the Naga hills, and go over to Patkai and Manipuri Hills running south east to the Himalayas and finally settle in Myanmar after making the India Myanmar border region. The largest area is occupied in the Indian state of Nagaland and a smaller chunk in Mizoram, with primarily Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests type. The region is relatively unspoilt and unexplored and therefore, and although home to a large number of exotic and endangered species adapted to rocky heights, this region contains comparatively lesser wildlife as compared to adjoining areas.
Best Time to Visit
The most ideal time to visit the India-Myanmar Pine Forests is between October to March when the temperature stays between 11 - 21 degree celsius and the weather is soothing and just perfect. The valley glows green and present a beautiful sight. Summer season lasts only for two months between March to April and the weather is slightly hot and humid. However, it is inadvisable to visit the valley during monsoons i.e. between May to September, when the area receives heavy rainfall and the climate remains very wet and humid. The season is not ideal for any outdoor activities besides posing risks of landslides.