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Kaziranga National Park

3.4 /5 64 votes

Weather:

Best Time: Oct-Jun Read More

Ideal duration: 1-2 days

Nearest Airport: Jorhat Check Flights

"Home to the One Horned Rhino"

Kaziranga National Park Tourism

Home to the largest population of the one-horned rhino on earth, Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s national treasures in terms of flora and fauna. Located in the state of Assam in North-Eastern India, its total area is shared by the districts of Nagaon, Golaghat and Karbi Anglong placing it roughly at the centre of the state. Approximately around five hours by road from Guwahati, Kaziranga National Park stands tall as the epitome of successful wildlife conservation in India. In 1985, it was awarded the status of a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Lying on the floodplains of the mighty river Brahmaputra, rich vegetation covers almost the entirety of Kaziranga National Park. Receiving massive amounts of rainfall each year, at times even crossing dangerous levels, this national park is characterised by tall elephant grass, marshlands and tall tropical broadleaf forests. Here, a wide variety of fauna thrives including the one-horned rhino, Asiatic elephants, wild water buffalo, leopards and Royal Bengal Tigers. Kaziranga National Park is also listed officially as a Tiger reserve and is home to one of the world’s largest population of tigers. 

Different types of birds can also be spotted here at the park. A popular migratory location for birds who fly down from the north, one can spot various birds such as the black-nested stork, the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck and Baer's pochard duck to name a few. Other notable bird families which can be seen here include the great Indian hornbill and wreathed hornbill among many others.

Safaris can be undertaken both during the day and night during the open tourist season. Elephant rides are also very popular among tourists and wildlife journalists and enthusiasts. Hiking is one such activity which is prohibited here to avoid casualties. Great care is taken at this national park such that tourism and natural sustainability go hand in hand.

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Fauna in Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga is immensely famous for being a home to the world’s largest population of One Horned Rhinoceros (1855), Wild Water Buffalo (1666) and Eastern Swamp Deer (468). There is a total of 35 mammalian species, out of which 15 are threatened. Other species include elephants, gaur, sambar, Indian muntjac, wild boar, Indian grey mongoose, small Indian mongoose, large Indian civet, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear, The ‘big-five’ of Kaziranga is the collective name given to the group of one-horned rhino, wild water buffalo, swamp deer, Asian elephant and royal Bengal tiger. Kaziranga was declared a tiger reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world- 1 per 5 sq.km. The total population of wild cats is 118, and it is one of the few breeding grounds for the same, outside Africa. Rivers of Kaziranga are also home to the endangered Ganges Dolphin. The bird kingdom includes names like the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer's Pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, Asian openbill stork, Blyth's Kingfisher, white-bellied heron, Dalmatian pelican, spot-billed pelican, Nordmann's Greenshank, and black-bellied tern. Three species of the vulture- Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture, Indian white-rumped vulture are also found.

Safari Zones in Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an Important Bird Area (IBA). For the convenience of management and conservation, the national park is divided into 4 zones: Kaziranga Range, Western Range, Eastern Range and Burapahar Range. One safari of one zone is allowed at a time. 

Zones and Routes

Kaziranga or Central Range - Mihimukh-Kathpora- Daphla ng-Diffolu River Bank- Mona beel- Karasing and back
Bagori or Western Range -Dongabeel- Rouman- Rajapukhuri- Monabeel and back
Agratoli or Eastern Range - Agratoli Sohola beel- Rongamotia- Maklung- Turturoni- Dhoba and back
Burapahar Range - Ghurakati- Potahi beel- Diffolu- Phuloguri- Tunikati

While the Western zone is considered good for elephant and safari and rhino sightseeing, Eastern zone is better for water birds.

Wildlife Safari at the Kaziranga National Park

The visit to Kaziranga National Park is probably the highlight of almost everyone's trip to Kaziranga and has a lot to do for everyone. Book a safari jeep or a modern SUV and roam around the area. Kaziranga National Park is a protected environment for some of the most endangered species of the world which includes, animals, mammals and birds alike. The impressive list of animals you can spot here includes the Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Wild Buffalo, Wild Boar, Sambar, Macaque, Slot Bear, Indian Leopard, Black Bear and a variety of birds. A lot of migratory birds are also found here and makes a great spot for bird-viewing; an absolute treat for bird-watchers and nature enthusiasts. The Kaziranga National Park is also home to a Tiger reserve that houses the very endangered Great Bengal Tiger. You can also take Elephant rides in the Park.

History of Kaziranga National Park

According to legends, a girl Ranga from a nearby village fell in love with a boy named Kazi from Karbi Anglong. Upon disapproval from their families, they eloped and vanished into a forest, named after them as Kaziranga. Another story says saint-scholar Srimanta Sankardeva in the 16th century blessed a childless couple- Kazi and Rangai and asked them to dig a pond in the area so that their name could live on forever. The name Kaziranga could also mean the ‘ land of red deer’ as ‘Kazi’ in Karbi means ‘goat’, and ‘Rangai’ means ‘red’. Some historians believe that the name could also mean ‘village of Kajir’, derived from the Karbi word ‘Kajir-a-rong’. An area of 232 sq. km was created as the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest on June 1, 1905. In 1908, it was declared as a Reserve Forest, renamed as Kaziranga game Reserve in 1916. In 1950, it was again renamed as Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary by conservationist P.D. Stracey. The Assam govt. passed the Assam National Park Act in 1968 and declared Kaziranga a national park. It was accredited official status on 11 February 1974 by Indian govt. and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Restaurants and Local Food in Kaziranga National Park

The most convenient option for food here, would be the resorts, lodges and hotels that take care of all tourist needs wonderfully. Other than these there are limited options in terms of local food joints or Dhabas.
You can indulge in a variety of local Assamese preparations which include Laksa, Khar, Tenga as well as some other fish delicacies and rice dishes. Along with this you can enjoy popular items of a typical Indian menu in Kaziranga.
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Suggested Itinerary

Day 1- Reach the hotel by a local cab or bus service and spend the night relaxing. You can spend the evening on the banks of Brahmaputra for a distinguished experience.
Day 2- Book a safari in advance and head out for the Kaziranga National Park safari, where you can spot various endangered animal species, including the one-horned rhinoceros. You can also have the Elephant safari, wherein the jeep is replaced with Elephants who take you around the National Park. Take a break for lunch and resume the safari, with bird watching this time. If time permits have an Elephant ride in the National Park as you bring your adventure tour to an end. Call it a day.
Day 3- Since Assam is known for its amazing variety of first flushed teas, it's reckoned you visit some of the most infamous tea plantations near Kaziranga and delve in the strong whiff of fresh tea everywhere. You can also participate in a tea tasting; where you will be served sips of different varieties of teas, with differences in color, taste, fragrance and aftertaste. Don't forget to get some packed for you and your loved ones as a souvenir.

Kaziranga National Park Photos

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Holidify's Opinion

What's Great?

Houses the endangered One-horned Rhinoceros. House to beautiful migratory birds. Beautiful, lush tea plantations. A treat to visual senses. Pleasant climate.

What's Not So Great?

Extreme rainfall throughout the year. Chances of forest fires in peak summers.

For Whom?

Kaziranga is a universally friendly destination. A must visit destination for forest buffs, wild Safari lovers and adventure seekers. A relaxing destination for those looking for peace.

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How To Reach Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga is well-accessible by roads and has a lot of Airports and Railway stations nearby. The nearest Railway station being Furkating, from where Kaziranga is accessed in a matter of an hour. The nearest airport to Kaziranga is the Jorhat Airport, which is located at 97 km away from Kaziranga. The road networks here are well-developed and make transport easy to Kaziranga by road.

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Kaziranga National Park Reviews

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Bhai Seikh 4 days ago
I love Guwahati national park because when I go into the Guwahati first time I have seen many kinds of species of tiger and also some animals in the Kaziranga national park. Thanks for sharing such beautiful information with us. I hope you will share some more info about Kaziranga national park. Please keep sharing. thank you. "Link Hidden"
Joysurjya Hagjer 11 months ago
Kaziranga National Park is a must visit for anyone who visits Assam. Famous for the one horned rhinos, Kaziranga is now also a tiger reserve and the number of tigers have risen in the past couple of years. You can feel experience nature closely, with the Jeep Safaris which are the most common. The elephant safaris are also very popular but booking must be done well in advance otherwise it is difficult to obtain the elephant rides. Whichever you choose, you will definitely spot rhinos, tigers, buffalos, deer and many exotic birds. It is especially exciting when your guide will spot the tracks of a tiger and follow its trail to catch a glimpse of it. Be sure to carry binoculars and hats, as the days can get really sunny in the afternoons. If you are lucky enough to get VIP access, you will be able to nights deep inside the reserve where most people are not allowed. Here you can hear the animals come close at night and if lucky you might catch a glimpse of them in their nocturnal half of the day. Also, make sure to book accommodations well in advance, as the resorts can quickly get booked during the on-season. Old resorts like 'Wildgrass' and newer ones like 'IORA' are well worth it.
Muskan Shah 1 year ago
Kaziranga national park is home to one horned rhino. Even though I wasn't able to see tigers and lions, it was an amazing experience to see elephants, deers, one horned rhino and different birds. We took an elephant ride in the morning and safari in the evening where we saw sunset amidst trees. Make sure to carry binoculars to get a closer look.
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