Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru.With the population of 10 million, Lima is the most popular metropolitian area of Peru. Climate in Lima keep changing from mild to warm. It is neither cold nor very hot. Lima's architecture is characterized by a mix of styles. One can easily find early colonial architecture and neoclassical and Art Nouveau styles though neoclassical and Art Nouveau styles came into existence after Independence.
Lima being the largest city of Peru is also full of culture and history. Lima is home to the highest concentration of museums of the country, the most notable of which are the Museo Nacional de ArqueologÍa, AntropologÍa e Historia del Perì and Museum of Art of Lima. Lima has developed a tourism industry, characterized by its historic center, archeological sites, nightlife, museums, art galleries, festivals, and traditions. Itês known for its vibrant food scene, encompassing specialties from ceviche and traditional coastal cooking to refined global fare. Lima is home to restaurants and bars where local and international cuisine is served. When it comes to food, The genres of restaurants in Lima include Creole food, Chifas, Cebicherias, and Pollerias. When it comes to sports, football is most popular here.
Lima has a lot of places to stay and if one is heading to the capital especially for the first time, youêll probably want to book a hotel or hostel in one of the following areas depending on your interest: Central Lima (Historic Center), if you want history right on your doorstep, this is the place to stay. Itês also a good choice for budget travelers, with some comfortable and very affordable accommodation options near the main square. Miraflores: Miraflores is a good base in general. There are plenty of excellent ã if expensive _restaurants dotted around, along with some affordable options. There are clubs and bars all over the place, some of which are just-too-trendy while others are just about right. San isidro: San Isidro is also a prime destination for culinary travelers, with expensive but highly acclaimed restaurants such as Malabar and Segundo Muelle. Thereês also the Bosque El Olivar olive grove, home to more than 1,000 olive trees. Barranco: Itês a great place to stroll during the day, through colorful streets lined with colonial-era houses, some crumbling, some lovingly restored. You can stop off for a coffee or a sneaky daytime pisco sour in one of many street-side cafes.
Ceviche (Sushi-grade fish, citrus juice, fresh herbs, and chili peppers are the basic ingredients) to Peruvian fusion, Limaês dining scene is all the rage and offers some of the best bites on the continent. Pisco Sour is a perfect cocktail. Pisco, fresh lime juice, sugar, egg white and Angostura bitters, shaken hard, make for a refreshing, tart and dry sipper. Rafael restaurant, Ceviche bar and Central restaurant are some of the best with amazing ambience and great food.
Peruvian nuevo sol (PEN)All the major credit/debit cards are accepted. One must carry PEN currency. No other currency is accepted in Lima other than PEN.
There are two currency exchange booths at airport just after the immigration area. You can exchange US dollars or Euros at almost any place, banks, money changing offices, hotels, restaurants and with street money changers. Beware of false notes. Many ATMs are available for all major credit cards.
Depending on your travel style, you can find yourself spending more than you expected during a trip to Peru. To keep your budget in check, consider skipping some of the more touristy options and stay in hospedajes, which are small, family owned hotels. Travel cost for budget travel can vary from PEN 30-40, whereas for luxury travel it can vary from PEN 200-250. Mid range travel budget can vary from PEN 70-80.
Cab is the best way to roam out in Lima. Driving is absolutely a hassle and the bus/micro/colectivo is a little bit too crowded. If you plan to go between 7:30 and 9:00 be prepared to spend an hour in traffic when going towards downtown.
The main religion in Lima is Roman Catholic but some people in Lima also believe in Christianity. Indigenous Peruvians, however, have blended Catholicism and their traditional beliefs.
In short, there is no formal dress code in Peru. On a day-to-day basis, there are no strict social taboos or religious requirements to consider when it comes to clothing etiquette. Just edge towards formal attire, especially when entering a religious building, pants rather than shorts, shoes rather than sandals. Not essential, perhaps, but itês good to show respect. Peruvians are more formal in social relations than most North Americans and Europeans. Peruvians shake hands frequently and tirelessly, and although kissing on the cheek is a common greeting for acquaintances, it is not practiced among strangers . When entering a shop or home, always use an appropriate oral greeting (good afternoon; buenas noches, or good night). Similarly, upon leaving, it is polite to say goodbye (Adios), even to shop owners with whom you've had minimal contact. Peruvians often shake hands upon leaving as well as greeting. In some heavily touristed areas, such as the Sunday market in Pisac outside of Cusco, locals have learned to offer photo ops for a price at every turn. Some foreigners hand out money and candy indiscriminately, while others grapple with the unseemliness of paying for every photo. Peruvians are customarily a half-hour late to most personal appointments, and it is not considered very bad form to leave someone hanging in a cafe for up to an hour.
The most spoken language in Lima is Spanish. Though, English is also spoken by tour guides and hotel staff but it is still advisable to remember some important words in Spanish. Thank you (gracias), hello (Hola). Good morning (Buenos dÍas) and Goodbye (adios).
It was founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1935. It was established on the valley of Rimac river Lima's history predates the colonial presence in the country. The establishment of the viceroyalty transformed the city into the main political and administrative center of South America. During this period, significant churches, monasteries, mansions and balconies were built. During the second half of the 18th century, Lima was adversely affected by the Bourbon Reforms as it lost its monopoly on overseas trade. This economic decline made the city's elite dependent on royal and ecclesiastical appointment and thus, reluctant to advocate independence. After the war of independence, Lima became the capital of the Republic of Peru but economic stagnation and political turmoil brought its urban development to a halt. This hiatus ended in the 1850s, when increased public and private revenues from guano exports led to a rapid expansion of the city. The arrival of modernity didnêt transform the historic center, which is recognized as a World Heritage Site.
Lima is full of dust, it will be wise to carry a nail brush. Sunscreen and a hat must be carried to avoid the scorching sun. Carry cheap flip flops to avoid the dusty and slippery bathrooms. Carry medicines related to stomachache, headache and fever. Carry a pocket knife for safety or peeling apples or chips etc. Don't forget to carry a first aid kit. In case of trouble, contact the Tourist Police. English-speaking officers will help you negotiate the system. For emergencies, call the police (105) and fire (116) emergency numbers.
Most dance and clubs, bars, and other party venues in Lima, Peru, operate until very late at night, allowing you to continue partying for many, many hours. Some of them address to very young public, some others to people in their 30s or a bit older; a few ones are known as pick-up point. Tequila rock, Dontown vale Todo and El dragon de Barranco are some of the top restaurants in Lima.
You can shop on traditional fruit and veggie markets or in modern supermarkets. For clothes you have the choice between numerous fancy boutiques, department stores, street markets and everything in between. Calle Alcanflores, which runs through Miraflores, has stores selling everything from hand-carved wooden masks to silver-filigree jewelry. There are stalls set up in the forecourt of the monastery but this is probably not the best place to buy souvenirs. If you do want to shop here, remember to bargain.