Time Required : 2-3 hrs
Located in the Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, Dholavira is an archaeological site which is most famous for its ruins of an ancient Harappan city. Also known locally as Kotada Timba, Dholavira contains one of the five largest Harappan sites and most prominent archaeological destinations in India belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. It is believed to have existed as a full-fledged thriving city around 2600 BCE and had some of the most scientifically advanced systems in place. However, one of the peculiarities of this civilisation is the language they spoke in, which has not been deciphered yet and baffles experts even today.
Considered as a part of humanity's greatest civilization that ever existed, the Dholavira ruins are the example of the Harrapan civilization or the Indus valley civilization. Dholavira has been under excavation since 1990 and the ancient findings here have thrown a great deal of light on the ways of our ancestor's lives. It was a well-planned city with meticulous architecture. The Harappans of Dholavira had one of a kind efficient systems in place that were specifically developed for conservation, harvesting and storage of water. They managed to create as many as 16 reservoirs of water in the city which is a feat in its own right. The complex engineering genius involved in these speaks eloquently about their advanced hydraulic engineering, given the state of technology in the third millennium BCE.
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