The dam is situated across the Satluj River, Bhakra Village (upstream) in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh. Its reservoir is known as 'Gobind Sagar' which stores up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water. Jawaharlal Nehru honorably called it as the "New Temple of Resurgent India." It attracts a significant number of tourists from all over the country. Bhakra Dam is 15 km from Nangal city. Nangal Dam is a downstream dam to Bhakra Dam. Together they are called Bhakra Nangal Dam.
The Bhakra Nangal multi-purpose dams are first among the river valley development schemes taken by the government post independence. It is one of the highest gravity dams in the world. The Gobindsagar reservoir created by the dam is the third largest reservoir in India. It holds water in right ways and prevents the fields from being damaged during monsoons. It has ten power generators on either of its sides. Also, it is the fourth largest dam after the Tehri dam. For security reasons the visitors to Bhakra Nangal were banned in 2009.