Palatine Hill, Rome Overview

Palatine Hill is one of the Seven Hills of Rome and the oldest part of the city. It is in the central location and located 40 metres over the Circus Maximus and the Roman Forum. It is this place only from where Roman civilization started and dates back to 1000 BC. Most of the famous monuments of Rome are located very close to Palatine Hill. No place in Rome has witnessed as much history as this place, and a visit would take you through a beautiful journey of ancient Rome.

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Sightseeing at Palatine Hill

1. House of Augustus

Augustus built a palace for himself which was largely decorated with paintings and frescoes all over his walls. The remains are still present on the hill today.

2. House of Livia and Flavia

Built during the 1st century BC, some remains of the frescoes and the buildings can still be seen today.

3. Farnese Gardens

One of the first botanical gardens ever created in Europe, it was built on the site where Tiberius had built his palace. It is a beautiful place to visit with a lot of greenery and flowers.

4. Palatine Museum

The museum houses some of the objects that were taken out during the excavation process. They include mosaics, frescoes, sculptures and other designs that were made centuries ago. A visit to this museum is a must to get to know about the history of Palatine Hill.

Tips

  1. Wear comfortable footwear as there would be a lot of walking to do.
  2. Carry a bottle of water with you, along with some snacks.

History

Palatine has been the starting point of the Roman Empire which goes back to the 10th century BC.

Legend says that the cave in which Romulus and Remus grew up is located on this hill. The brothers had decided to set up a city beside the river, however due to some argument Romulus killed Remus and founded the city of Rome. 

During the Republican Period, many residences of prosperous and wealthy Romans were located on this hill. After that, Augustus built his palace there which was continued to be used by further rulers as their residence. The ruins of the palace can be seen today as well. Along with the palace, Augustus built a temple as well.

How to Reach Palatine Hill

Nearest Metro Station: Colosseo (line B)

Trams: 3 and 8

Buses: Colosseo - 60, 75, 84, 85, 87, 117, 175, 186, 271, 571, 810, 850

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