Located northwest of Nairobi and south of Lake Naivasha in Kenya, Hell's Gate National Park derives its name from a narrow break in the cliffs, which was once a tributary of a prehistoric lake sustaining early human settlements in the Rift Valley. Established in 1984, this small national park is celebrated for its diverse wildlife with the backdrop of notable attractions like Fischer's Tower, Central Tower columns, and Hell's Gate Gorge. Hell's Gate National Park earned its name from the narrow gorge resembling the biblical depiction of hell.
Hell's Gate National Park encompasses an area of 68.25 square kilometres (26 sq mi), relatively small compared to other African parks. Although it does not have resident populations of elephants and rhinos, you can spot three of the Big Five animals, which are the African buffalo, leopard, and lion. The park is also home to hyraxes, African buffalo, zebra, eland, hartebeest, Thomson's gazelle, hyena, baboons, and small numbers of serval, klipspringer antelope, and Chanler's mountain reedbuck. It has over 103 species of birds such as vultures, Verreaux's eagles, augur buzzards, and swifts.
In addition to its natural wonders, Hell's Gate National Park is significant for its geothermal energy production. The park houses five geothermal power stations at Olkaria, contributing to Kenya's renewable energy efforts.
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The nearest major airport is Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, approximately 120 kilometres (75 miles) away from Hell's Gate National Park. For the ones looking to travel within Kenya, Nairobi Wilson Airport is also at the same distance from the park.
From the airport, visitors can hire taxis or private vehicles to reach the park. The travel time by road from the airport is around 2-3 hours, depending on traffic conditions.