Built in the 9th-century, the Borobudur temple is a Mahayana Buddhist monument located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. This monument is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. It holds six square platforms coated by three circular platforms. This is adorned with 2,672 support panels and 504 Buddha statues. The main dome is positioned at the centre of the top platform. This is enclosed by 72 Buddha statues situated inside perforated stupa.
The Borobudur temple was built under the Sailendra Dynasty. The Buddhists among the people of Java performed pilgrimages and other rituals at the Borobudur temple until around the 14th and 15th centuries. The temple was soon abandoned as many Javanese people converted to Islam. It was rediscovered in 1814 and since then, the temple has been the subject of extensive research and archaeological inquiries by the Dutch and Javanese. UNESCO selected Borobudur as a World Heritage Site in 1991. The iconic temple extends to play a powerful role in forming Indonesian aesthetics, architecture, and cultural identity. Borobudur is the most visited tourist place in Indonesia.