Betla National Park is a beautiful national park which is spread over the hilly terrain of the attractive Palamau district, west of Ranchi In Jharkhand. Wild elephants wander without restraints in the thickets of the forest and the flora and fauna are enough to mesmerize any visitor. Though there are relatively fewer tigers here, a visit to this ancient area of Jharkhand will be worth it because it provides a deeper insight into the rich tribal heritage of the state. Betla stands as an acronym for Bison, Elephant, Tiger, Leopard and Axis. What makes this park stand out from the rest is the presence of two forts inside its premises. The primary attractions here is observing wildlife from a close range.
One of the most popular national parks of the North East, the park stretches over an area of around 979 sq. km, out of which 232 sq. km forms the main area and has the status of being one of the first 9 tiger reserves that were established in India. Due to a diversified ecosystem, the Betla National Park is home to a huge variety of wildlife. The park houses luxuriant sal and bamboo trees. The Southern side of the forest is dominated by Sal trees whereas the Bel Aegle marmelos dominate the northern part of the forest reserve. The surging terrains of the park are marked by small hills like the Netarhat, Huluk, Murhu and Gulgul. Several waterfalls and hot water springs found inside the park make it an interesting place to explore.
Air: The nearest airport to the Betla National Park is Ranchi, 180 km away. The airport has flights connecting to major Indian cities like Kolkata, Patna, Mumbai and New Delhi. Taxis and cabs are available from here to go to the national park.
Rail: Daltonganj which is also the nearest town to this national park is the nearest railway station. Ranchi and Gaya are the other main railway stations which are close to Betla.
Road: By road, the national park can be reached from places including Daltonganj via Khudia morh (6km), Ranchi (140 kms), Hazaribagh (190 kms), Netarhat (211 kms), Patna (384 kms) and Kolkata (575 kms).
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