A tiny tranquil town in the district of Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, Kalugumalai or Kazhugumalai is famous for its ancient rock-cut temples and monolithic Jain beds. The city got its name from the hills surrounding it with the same name, which translates to "Hill of Vultures". The hills that surrounding the town gives a unique physical beauty to the whole place. They were earlier known as known as Araimalai or Thirumalai.
The town is divided into two parts Kazhugumalai and South Kazhugumalai or Kottai Kalugumalai and also served as a trade route during the ancient times. According to epigraphies, once upon a time, there was also a palace of the Pandya king Ettimannan, here. It is also believed that Kalugumalai was once an important Jain settlement where Lord Mahavir used and preach and worship. At the foot of the hills, an urn-burial cemetery was also discovered. This place was also a witness to the Kalugumalai riots of 1895. Apart from the three major temples, it also has a huge church making it a religious place in a nutshell.
Air: The nearest airport is in Madurai, which is around 110 kms from Kalugumalai. You can also take a flight to the Tuticorin Airport, which is nearly the same distance as Madhuri Airport. However, the flight options to this airport are very limited. From the airport, you can hire a prepaid taxi to travel to Kalugumalai.
Rail: The nearest railway station is at Kovilpatti, from where you can take the local bus or hire a private taxi to Kalugumalai.
Road: The city centre is located about 15 kms off the NH7. The route is narrow but good and has very little traffic. You can take a bus or a taxi from either Kovilpatti or Tuticorin.
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