Located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, Johor is a Malaysian state consisting of highly diverse rainforests and is renowned for its beaches. The jungles of Johor have a wide array of plant and animal species and there is a huge network of rivers which originate from the mountains and hills and are spread across the west, south and east. The state of Johor provides a perfect insight into the Malay culture, tradition and history and is famous for its diversity in language and ethnicity.
Johor is a Muslim dominated state which was initially known as Gangganu or Ganggayu (which translates to Treasury of Gems) owing to its abundance of gemstones near the Johor River. It was also referred to as Ujong Medini (which translates to Land’s end) as it is located at the southern tip. The name Johor comes from the Arabic word ‘Jauhar’ meaning precious jewel or stone and was changed as the local people found it difficult to pronounce the Arabic word Jauhar.
There are several engaging attractions in the state which include Endau Rompin National Park that houses waterfalls and diverse species. The capital of the state Johor Bahru is a chief part that comprises of Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Glass Temple and the Victorian-era Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque which reflect the history of the place.
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